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(2,322 words)

Author(s): Václav Blažek
Etymology is a linguistic discipline dating from Ancient Greece. Plato, for instance, devoted his dialogue Kratylos to the explanation of various Greek words. The word etumología ‘the analysis of a word so as to find its origin’ was first used at the end of the 1st century B.C.E. by Strabo (784) and Dionysius Halicarnassensis ( De compositione verborum 16); the verb étumologeō ‘I analyze a word and find its origin’ is used only by Athenaeus (35C), living in the 2nd/3rd century C.E. The compound consists of the base log- known from the names of various scientific disciplines ( lógos ‘word, pr…
Date: 2018-04-01

Slavonic Languages

(6,076 words)

Author(s): Václav Blažek
1. Introduction The number of words of Arabic origin (or words borrowed from other sources via Arabic) in the Slavonic languages differs from one language to another. There are, for instance, more than fifty Arabic loanwords in Czech (Machek 1968; Rejzek 2001), approximately seventy in Russian (Vasmer 1950–1958), almost three hundred in Macedonian (Jašar-Nasteva 2001), and more than four hundred in Bulgarian (BER 1962ff.) and Serbo-Croatian (Skok 1971–1974). Although direct contacts between Slavs and Arabs are documented as early as the 7th century C.E. (Theophanes, Chronographi…
Date: 2018-04-01