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Taʿlīq

(1,108 words)

Author(s): Valeriy Rybalkin
The term taʿlīq (or ʾilġāʾ) ‘hanging’, i.e. ‘abrogation, interruption, cancellation’, indicates the interruption of grammatical effect when a word is not used in a governable position although it is a governable word, as shown by the fact that it exhibits the normal case or mood distinction (Owens 1988:50–51). Cancellation of government is mostly connected with judgment verbs ( ʾaf ʿāl al-qalb) such as ḥasiba ‘to consider, to reckon’; xāla ‘to believe, to imagine’, darā and ʿalima ‘to know’; raʾā ‘to see, to consider’, ḏ̣anna ‘to think, to believe’; ʿ adda‘to consider; to regard’; zaʿam…
Date: 2018-04-01

ʿAmal

(5,809 words)

Author(s): Valeriy Rybalkin
1. Government and governors The syntactic term ʿamal ‘action, performance’ denotes ‘ governance’, i.e. the grammatical effect of one word of a sentence on another. All constituents of a sentence are either ʿawāmil (sg. ʿāmil) ‘governors’ or maʿmūlāt (sg. maʿmūl) ‘governed’. The effect of this government is a case ending ( ʾiʿrab ‘declension’). For the noun these endings are: -u nominative ( rafʿ): rajul-un ‘a man’; -a accusative ( naṣb): rajul-an; -i genitive ( jarr or xafḍ): rajul-in. In the verb only the imperfect has declined forms: -u indicative ( rafʿ): yaḏhab-u ‘he goes’; -a subjunc…
Date: 2018-04-01