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Vaganten/Vagantendichtung

(363 words)

Author(s): Vollmann, Konrad
[English Version] . Als Vaganten (V.) bez. man seit dem 19.Jh. die clerici vagi/vagantes (»fahrende Kleriker«) des MA. Bereits die Spätantike und das Früh-MA kannte nach dem Zeugnis der kirchl. Gesetzgebung (Waddell 267–280) geistl. »Herumtreiber«, v.a. entlaufene Mönche und entwurzelte Weltpriester. Im 12. und 13.Jh. waren es dann v.a. die Studenten, die entweder ihr Studium abgebrochen oder nach Abschluß der Studien keine Anstellung gefunden hatten. Als Schüler einer geistl. Lehranstalt (Domschu…

Goliards

(405 words)

Author(s): Vollmann, Konrad
[German Version] is a term used since the 19th century for the clerici vagi/vagantes (“wandering clerics”) of the Middle Ages. Ecclesiastical law (Waddell 267–280) evidences that, as early as late antiquity and the early MA, there were spiritual “vagabonds,” chiefly absconded monks and uprooted secular priests. In the 12th and 13th century, they were then mainly those students who had stopped ¶ their studies or who had not found any employment after graduating. As students at a spiritual place of learning (Cathedral schools, Universities), they had receive…