Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Weitlauff, Manfred" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Weitlauff, Manfred" )' returned 42 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Volk

(188 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[English Version] Volk, Hermann (27.12.1903 Steinheim/Main – 1.7.1988 Mainz), Kardinal, Bf. von Mainz (1962–1982); nach dem Studium in Mainz 1927 Priester und Kaplan, in Freiburg i.Br. 1938 Dr. phil., in Münster 1939 Dr. theol., 1943 Habil., 1946 Prof. für Dogmatik; durch seine Arbeiten über K. Barth und E. Brunner mit der modernen ev. Theol. vertraut und ökum. engagiert, wurde er 1945 Mitglied des Ökum. Arbeitskreises ev. und kath. Theologen (seit 1946 Leiter der kath. Seite, seit 1975 Vorsitzende…

Pankratius

(190 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[English Version] Pankratius, hl., stammte nach der legendären Passio (6.Jh.?) aus vornehmer phrygischer Familie, kam als Waise nach Rom, wurde hier getauft und 14jährig unter Diokletian (oder Valerian) an einem 12.5. (304 oder 257?) an der Via Aurelia enthauptet und in den dortigen – nach ihm benannten – Katakomben begraben. Die von Papst Symmachus über seinem Grab errichtete Basilika erhielt durch Papst Honorius I. ihre heutige Gestalt (San Pancratio fuori le mura). Sein Kult, im Martyrologium H…

Therese

(340 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[English Version] von Lisieux (Familienname: Thérèse Martin, Ordensname: Thérèse de l'Enfant-Jésus et de la Sainte-Face; 2.1.1873 Alençon – 30.9.1897 Lisieux). Th. trat 1888 in den Karmel von L. ein, in dem sie, ein seit dem Tod ihrer Mutter überaus empfindsamer Charakter, anfänglich eine sehr strenge Behandlung erfuhr und unter der »Trockenheit« ihres Gebetslebens litt. Schwer belastete sie zudem der psychische Verfall ihres Vaters (gest.1894). 1896 erkrankte sie an Tuberkulose, die im Jahr darauf…

Nicole

(244 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[English Version] Nicole, Pierre (19.10.1625 Chartres – 16.11.1695 Paris), jansenistischer Theologe, lehrte in Port Royal (1646), in Flandern und Frankreich (1679) und seit 1683 in Paris; eng befreundet mit A. Arnauld (5.), verteidigte er in mehreren, teils pseudonymen Schriften die Rechtgläubigkeit des Jansenismus und unterschied in der Verurteilung der Lehre des C. Jansen durch Innozenz X. (1653) die »quaestio iuris« von der »quaestio facti« (Innocentii papae brevissima quinque propositionum in v…

Noailles

(190 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[English Version] Noailles, Louis Antoine de (27.5.1651 Schloß Peynie`re bei Aurillac – 4.5.1729 Paris), Dr. theol. der Sorbonne (1676), Erzbf. von Paris (1681), Kardinal (1700). N. nahm dank königlicher Gunst eine steile kirchl. Karriere (1679 Bf. von Cahors, 1681 von Chalons-sur Marne), erwies sich aber in den theol. Kontroversen seiner Zeit (Quietismus, Jansenismus) merkwürdig schwankend. So stimmte er der Zerstörung des (ehemaligen) Jansenistenzentrums Port Royal (1711) zu, widersetzte sich aber …

Wittig

(155 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[English Version] , Joseph (22.1.1879 Neusorge, Grafschaft Glatz – 22.8.1949 Göhrde), Theologe und rel. Volksschriftsteller; 1902 Dr. theol. (Breslau), 1903 Priester, Prof. für Alte Kirchengesch. in Breslau (1915). Seine 1922 in »Hochland« veröff. Osterbetrachtung »Die Erlösten«, in der er in Form einer autobiogr. Erzählung die damalige Beichtpraxis (Rechtfertigungslehre) seiner Kirche kritisierte, führte zur Indizierung seiner Schriften und zu seiner Exkommunikation (1925/26). W. gab sein akademis…

Alexander VII, Pope

(199 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (Apr 7, 1655 – May 22, 1667). Born as Fabio Chigi on Feb 13, 1599 in Siena, he was, following philosophical, legal, and theological studies in Siena (1626 Dr. Theol.), in papal service from 1628 onward: 1629–1634, vice-legate in Ferrara; 1635–1639, Inquisitor and Apostolic Legate in Malta (1634, ordination to the priesthood; 1635, bishop of Na…

Faulhaber, Michael

(210 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (Mar 5, 1869, Klosterheidenfeld – Jun 12, 1952, Munich). Faulhaber was ordained priest in 1892, attained the Dr.theol. in 1895, became professor of Old Testament in Strasbourg in 1903, bishop of Speyer in 1911, also deputy field provost of the Bavarian Army in 1914, archbishop of Munich (I) and Freising in 1917, and finally cardinal in 1921. He was widely known as a brilliant speaker and powerful preacher. A resolute monarchist, he kept his distance from the Weimar Republic. Despi…

Rancé, Armand-Jean Le Bouthillier de

(194 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (Jan 9, 1626, Paris – Oct 27, 1700, La Trappe), founder of the La Trappe reform (Trappists), son of Maria de’ Medici’s secretary, and godchild of Cardinal Richelieu. He held many benefices. In 1651 he was ordained priest, and in 1654 gained his Dr.theol. He became a rigorous ascetic, renounced his benefices, retired to La Trappe, and from then on subjected this Cistercian abbey to the strictest observance as regular abbot (1664–1695), attracting monks who were willing to reform. H…

Mindszenty, József

(430 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (orig. Pehm; Mar 29, 1892, Csehimindszent, Vas district, Hungary – May 6, 1975, Vienna), last prince-primate of Hungary. After seminary studies in Szombathely, he was ordained priest in 1915 and was appointed pastor of Zalaegerszeg in 1919. In 1944 he was made bishop of Veszprém and in 1945 archbishop of Esztergom and prince-primate. In 1946 he was made cardinal. His career as a writer and political activist began early. In 1919 he was arrested as an enemy of the revolutionary gov…

Nicole, Pierre

(269 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (Oct 19, 1625, Chartres – Nov 16, 1695, Paris), Jansenist theologian. Nicole taught at the abbey of Port-Royal (1646), in Flanders and France (1679), and in Paris (from 1683). A close friend of Antoine Arnauld, Nicole wrote several, sometimes pseudonymous, writings defending the orthodoxy of Jansenism, and with regard to the condemnation of the teachings of C. Jansen by Innocent X (1653) he distinguished the quaestio iuris from the quaestio facti ( Innocentii papae brevissima quinque propositionum in varios sensus distinctio, 1653). Nicole was involved in the…

Hügel, Friedrich von

(438 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (Baron; May 5, 1852, Florence – Jan 27, 1925, London). Von Hügel was the scion of a baronial Rhineland family, an autodidact, and an erudite private scholar. During the Modernism controversy, his wide-ranging international and interconfessional contacts enabled him to play an influential role as “colporteur and intermediary” among scholars of very different stripe, all debating the same theological problems – among them E. Troeltsch, R. Eucken, M. Blondel, E. Buonaiuti, Giovanni S…

Hlond, August

(223 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] …

Volk, Hermann

(249 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (Dec 27, 1903, Steinheim am Main – Jul 1, 1988, Mainz), cardinal, bishop of Mainz (1962–1982). After studying in Mainz, he was ordained to the priesthood in 1927 and appointed chaplain. He earned his Dr.phil. in Freiburg im Bresgau in 1938 and his Dr.theol. in Münster in 1939. He gained his habilitation in 1943 and was appointed professor of dogmatics in 1946. Familiar with modern Protestant theology through his works on K. Barth and E. Brunner and ecumenically active, in 1945 he became a member of the ¶ Ecumenical Study Group of Protestant and Catholic Theologians (…

Afra of Augsburg (Saint)

(187 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (martyr, died c. 304). The earliest witnesses to Afra's veneration are Venantius Fortunatus (c. 560) and the Martyrologium Hieronymianum (Bern Codex, c. 600). The author of an early medieval Afra Passion (7th cent.?) portrayed Afra as a converted prostitute ( meretrix), who, because of her Christian confession, was condemned to be burned at the stake. The extent to which an authentic tradition underlies this Afra Passion is difficult to determine. A Roman …

Muth, Karl

(388 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (Jan 31, 1867, Worms – Nov 15, 1944, Munich), Catholic publicist. Following discussion about the scholarly inferiority of German Catholics, he prompted the “Catholic literature controversy” with his pseudonymous controversial publication Steht die Katholische Belletristik auf der Höhe der Zeit? Von Veremundus [Are Catholic belles lettres adequate for today? By Veremundus, 1898]. In order to provide a literary platform for “germinating talents,” in 1903 he founded a Catholic review with an avant-garde emphasis entitled Hochland. Monatsschrift für alle Ge…

Hefele, Karl Joseph

(438 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] ([v. Hefele]; Mar 15, 1809, Hochmühle near Aalen – Jun 5, 1893, Rottenburg), priest in 1833, associate professor (1835) and professor of church history in Tübingen (1840, succeeding his teacher J.A. Möhler). Hefele, along with J.E. Kuhn, led the ultramontane-young church party (Ultramontanism) in the bishopric of Rottenburg who fiercely opposed the Württemberg state church and the “late Enlightenment” clergy. He turned, however, to moderate ultramontanism after 1848. Hefele was a …

Wittig, Joseph

(205 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (Jan 22, 1879, County of Glatz [Kladsko] – Aug 22, 1949, Göhrde), theologian and popular religious writer. He received his Dr.theol. from the University of Breslau in 1902 and was ordained to the priesthood in 1903; in 1915 he was appointed pro-¶ fessor of Early Church history at Breslau. His Easter article “Die Erlösten” [The Redeemed] published in Hochland in 1922 used the form of an autobiographical narrative to criticize his church’s contemporary penitential system (doctrine of justification); as a result, his works were placed on the Index and he was excommunic…

Vicari, Hermann von

(348 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (May 13, 1773, Aulendorf – Apr 14, 1868, Freiburg im Breisgau), archbishop of Freiburg (1843–1868). In 1798 he obtained a canonry at the collegiate church of St. John in Constance. He studied in Augsburg, Vienna, and Dillingen, where he received his Dr.iur.utr. in 1797. He was ordained to the priesthood in 1797 but never served a parish; instead he was active in church administration from the outset, initially as a colleague of I.H. v. Wessenberg in Constance, after 1827 as canon …

Deharbe, Joseph

(202 words)

Author(s): Weitlauff, Manfred
[German Version] (Apr 1, 1800, Strasbourg – Nov 8, 1871, Maria Laach), a catechist, Jesuit (1817), and priest (1828), worked 1830–1841 as professor of rhetoric in Brig and Fribourg, Switzerland, and 1845–1847 as professor of pastoral theology in Lucerne. In his apologetic Katholisches Katechismus oder Lehrbegriff, nebst einem kurzen Abriß der Religionsgeschichte von Anbeginn der Welt bis auf unsere Zeit (1847, anonymous; ET: A Complete Catechism of the Catholic Religion, 1924), he attempted to grasp doctrinal content in rational terms.…
▲   Back to top   ▲