Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)" )' returned 115 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Germani, Germania

(3,987 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) | Spickermann, Wolfgang (Bochum) | Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam)
G. is a collective noun attested in various regions of Europe and West Asia and was disseminated, at least in part, by the migrations of splinter groups. Linguistically, Germanic belongs to the Indo-European language family ( Germanic languages); the term ‘Germanic’ was attributed from outside. Countering popular, Romantically influenced ideas that assumed a parallelism of language and material culture, as well as a lasting ethnic constancy, and countering an inherently racist concept of the uni…

Salmona

(26 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] Left tributary of the Moselle (Auson. Mos. 366), present-day Salm. Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) Bibliography J. B. Keune, s. v. S., RE 1 A, 1986.

Mogontiacum

(861 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Bataveraufstand | Gallia | Handel | Legio | Legio | Limes | Limes | Roma | Roma | Theater | Straßen Das röm. Mainz. Namengebend scheint eine einheimische, nach einer kelt. Gottheit benannte Siedlung bei Mainz-Weisenau gewesen zu sein. Auf einer Hochterrasse am linken Rheinufer gegenüber der Mainmündung wurde Mitte des 2. Jahrzehnts v.Chr. ein röm. Doppellegionslager errichtet. Von dieser strategisch günstigen Position aus erfolgten zw. 10 v.Chr. und 16 n.Chr. wiederholt röm. Vorstöße in das Gebiet der Germania magn…

Reudigni

(48 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[English version] German. Volksstamm im Kultverband der Nerthus-Stämme (Nerthus) nördl. der Langobardi (Tac. Germ. 40,2) im Gebiet von Holstein und West-Mecklenburg. Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) Bibliography B. Rappaport, s. v. R., RE 1 A, 700 f.  A. Genrich, Der Siedlungsraum der Nerthusstämme, in: Die Kunde 26/7, 1975/6, 103-146.

La(u)gona

(46 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[English version] Name der Lahn, erst im 6. Jh. n.Chr. bei Venantius Fortunatus c. 7,7,58 (hsl. auch Logona) bezeugt. Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) Bibliography J.B. Keune, s.v. L., RE 12, 999  L. Weisgerber, Erläuterung zur Karte der römerzeitlich bezeugten rheinischen Namen, in: Rheinische Vierteljahresblätter 23, 1958, 15.

Laur(i)um

(113 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[English version] Station im Batavergebiet (Tab. Peut. 2,3) an einer von zwei Straßen zw. Ulpia Noviomagus und Lugdunum Batavorum (h. Katwijk), h. Woerden. Röm. Funde von etwa 50 bis ins 3. Jh.n.Chr., ein Kastell erst ab flavischer Zeit (69-96 n.Chr.). Besatzung zunächst die cohors XV voluntariorum, nach Mitte 2. Jh.n.Chr. die cohors III Breucorum. Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) Bibliography H. Schönberger, Die röm. Truppenlager der frühen und mittleren Kaiserzeit zw. Nordsee und Inn, in: BRGK 66, 1985, 439 B 6  J.K. Haalebos, Ausgrabungen in Woerden (1975-1982), in: Stud. z…

Marsigni

(56 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[English version] German. Stamm, der ‘im Rücken’, d.h. im N bzw. NO der Marcomanni und Quadi siedelte (Tac. Germ. 43,1). Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) Bibliography E. Schwarz, German. Stammeskunde, 1956, 164  G. Perl, Tacitus, Germania, in: J. Herrmann (Hrsg.), Griech. und lat. Quellen zur Frühgesch. Mitteleuropas bis zur Mitte des 1. Jt. u.Z., 2. Teil, 1990, 245.

Promea

(64 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[English version] Zusammen mit der Nims als wasserreicher Nebenfluß der Sauer (Sura), in die sie unterhalb von Echternach mündet, von Auson. Mos. 354 erwähnt, h. die Prüm (Rheinland-Pfalz). Die Gebiete, welche der P. durchläuft, waren in röm. Zeit dicht besiedelt. Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) Bibliography J. Steinhausen, Arch. Siedlungskunde des Trierer Landes, 1936, 324 f.  P. Goessler, s. v. P., RE 23, 650 f.

Saalburg

(403 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[English version] Röm. Limes-Kastell (Limes III., mit Karte) nördlich vom h. Bad Homburg an einem Paß über den Taunus. Als älteste Anlagen galten bislang aufeinanderfolgend die kleinen Schanzen A und B, welche meist mit fortifikatorischen Maßnahmen unter Kaiser Domitianus (81-96 n. Chr.) nach dem Chatten-Krieg (Chatti) in Verbindung gebracht wurden [1; 2; 3; 4]. Dabei wird Schanze A mit Eingang nach Süden als kurzfristig besetztes Marsch- oder Baulager evtl. schon in die Zeit des Vespasianus (69-7…

Nicer

(141 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[English version] Rechter Nebenfluß des Rheins, h. Neckar, dessen Lauf sich v.a. im Mündungsgebiet mehrfach geändert hat. Seit der Latènezeit (Latène-Kultur) war das Gebiet von Kelten bewohnt. In der frühen röm. Kaiserzeit siedelten Elbgermanen am Unterlauf, welche für die seit Traianus um Lopodunum (h. Ladenburg) eingerichtete civitas Ulpia Sueborum Nicrensium namengebend wurden. Das Quellgebiet und der Bereich zw. Odenwald und Rhein waren seit Vespasianus durch Kastelle gesichert, der mittlere N. evtl. erst seit Traianus (Limes III. Germania…

Sugambri

(231 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] People of the Germanic Istaevones (Plin. HN 4,100) on the right bank of the Rhenus [2] opposite the Eburones and between the Ubii and the Bructeri. To the east, they bordered on the Chatti and the Cherusci. In 55 BC they absorbed the the Usipetes and the Tencteri, whom Caesar had defeated, and crossed the river into their territory (Caes. B Gall. 4,16-19; Plut. Caesar 22; Cass. Dio 39,48,3-5). In 53 BC …

Nicer

(181 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] Right-hand tributary of the Rhine, modern Neckar, whose course has changed many times, primarily around its mouth. From the La Tène period (La Tène culture) the region was inhabited by Celts. In the early Imperial period the lower courses were settled by Elbe-Germani, who gave their name to the civitas Ulpia Sueborum Nicrensium established around Lopodunum (modern Ladenburg) from the time of Trajan. The region around its headwaters and the area between the Odenwald and the Rhine were secured by fortresses from the time of Vespasian…

Saalburg

(461 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] Roman limes fort (Limes [III], with map) north of modern Bad Homburg, on a pass over the Taunus. The small redoubts A and B, generally associated with fortification measures undertaken under the emperor Domitian (AD 81-96) after the war with the Chatti (Chatti), have been hitherto successively regarded as the oldest installations [1; 2; 3; 4]. Redoubt A, with its entrance to the south, may possibly date from the reign of Vespasian (AD 69-79) as a marching or construction camp for sh…

Palas

(93 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] Region in which boundary markers separated the territories of the Burgundiones and the Romans, also called Capellatium; hither, Iulianus [11] led a campaign against the Alamanni on the right bank of the Rhine river in AD 359 (Amm. Marc. 18,2,15). P. should probably be localised around Öhringen northeast of Heilbronn. Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) Bibliography P. Goessler s.v. P., RE 18.2, 2516-2528  W. Dahlheim, Capellatium, in: RGA 4, 1980, 338f.  L. Jacob, I. Ulmann, Kommentar zu Ammianus, in: J. Herrmann (ed.), Griechische und lateinische Quellen zur Früh…

Rhenus

(1,104 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) | Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] [1] River in upper-Italy, present-day Reno in Emilia-Romagna River in Upper Italy, present-day Reno in Emilia-Romagna, right-hand feeding river of the Padus (Po), which rises in the Apennines above Pistoriae (Pistoia) and flows past Marzabotto through the region of Felsina (Bononia [1]). In Etruscan times it flowed into the Padus near Voghiera to the southeast of Ferrara, in Roman times somewhat more to the west. Nowadays it flows via an artificial canal directly into the Adriatic Sea. In…

Tencteri

(191 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] Germanic tribe, driven in 58 BC from their homeland to the east of the Rhine by the Suebi. After three years as nomads, in 55 BC the T. crossed the Rhine (Rhenus [2]), defeated the west-bank Menapii, who had refused to accept them into their territory, and migrated up the Meuse (Mosa [1]) as far as the Eburones and the Condrusi. There, Caesar annihilated them; only some of the cavalry escaped to the Sugambri to the east of the Rhine (Caes. B Gall. 4,1,1-4,18,5). In 17/16 BC they, …

Usipetes

(202 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] (also Usipi). Germanic tribe, presumably originally settled in the valley of the La(u)gona (modern Lahn), which was driven out by the Suebi in 58 BC. After crossing the Rhenus [2] (modern Rhine) they drove out the Menapii in 56/5 BC and subsequently advanced farther south. In 55 BC Caesar annihilated the U. and the Tencteri; previously he had unlawfully captured the leaders of the two tribes, and this led to to severe reactions in Rome (Caes. Gall. 4,1-16; 6,35,5; Plut. Caesar 22,…

Suebi

(624 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] The Suebi, an association of Germanic tribes or groups of Germanic peoples, numerous and strong (Str. 4,3,4; 7,1,3), between the Rhenus [2] (Rhine), Istrus [2] (Danube), Albis (Elbe) and as far as the Mare Suebicum (Baltic Sea) area. The nucleus of their territory was Lusatia, later Saxony and Thuringia. Although first recorded in the 1st century BC (Caes. Gall. 1,37,3 f.;  cf. Tac. Germ. 2,2), their name had been coined by the 2nd century BC. The S. included e.g. the Marcomanni, …

Idistaviso

(99 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] Site of a battle between Teutons under  Arminius and Romans under  Germanicus. The latter had led his troops over the sea to the river Ems and further on land via the river Weser in the summer of AD 16. The Romans won the battle in the I. plain ( campus) between the Weser and hilly terrain (Tac. Ann. 2,16,1) I. cannot be localized but is generally assumed to be in the surroundings of Porta Westfalica. Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück) Bibliography B. Rappaport, s.v. I., RE 9, 903-905 E. Koestermann, Die Feldzüge des Germanicus, in: Historia 6, 1957, 429-479, esp. 425-455.

Nabalia

(181 words)

Author(s): Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] River in the territory of the Batavi; in AD 70, a bridge over the N. was broken, so that Julius [II 43] Civilis and Petilius Cerialis could each stand on his respective side and negotiate at an appropriate distance (Tac. Hist. 5,26,1). The N. may be identifiable with the modern Lee between Lienden and Maurik in the Netherlands [3]. However, Tacitus may not have meant the river flowing between the warring pair at all, but may be referring only to a navalis (i.e. pons, ‘pontoon bridge’; [2]). It is also conceivable that Tacitus' N. is to be understood as the locat…
▲   Back to top   ▲