I. Terminology The word
societas, société) has changed from a term denoting
particular forms and modes of human coexistence to a term (in both sg. and pl.) denoting the
totality of human coexistence; it has thus become the basic term of the theoretical sciences that deal with human coexistence. The German equivalent,
Gesellschaft (from OHG
sal, “room,” and
selida, “dwelling place”), suggests ties that arise from sharing the same room (cf.
Geselle, “apprentice,” etymologically “someone ¶ sharing accommodations” with a master) or belonging to the sa…