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Fundanius

(270 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
Weitverbreiteter röm. plebeischer Gentilname (Schulze 357, 533, 542). [English version] [1] F., C. Volkstribun 68 v.Chr. Volkstribun 68 v.Chr (?), einer der Urheber der lex Antonia de Termessibus (Roman Statutes 1, 1996, Nr. 19), gleichzeitig curator viarum (ILLRP 465a). Wohl identisch mit C.F., der 66 oder 65 von Cicero verteidigt wurde (Q. Cic. comm. petitionis 19) und 59 noch erwähnt wird (Cic. ad Q. fr. 1,2,10). Er dürfte auch der Schwiegervater des Antiquars M. Terentius Varro sein, der ihn als Dialogpartner in de re rustica einführt (1,2,1 u.ö.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bib…

Canuleius

(285 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
Name einer plebeischen Gens, seit dem 5.Jh. v.Chr. belegt (Nebenform Canoleius; griech. Κανουλήϊος); ab dem 1. Jh.n.Chr. wird der Name selten (ThlL, Onom. 2,148f.). [English version] [1] C., C. Volkstribun 445 v.Chr. tribunus plebis 445 v.Chr., der ein plebiscitum Canuleium de conubio eingebracht haben soll, wodurch das Eheverbot zwischen Patriziern und Plebeiern aufgehoben wurde (Cic. rep. 2,63; Liv. 4,1,1-6). Da ein so gravierender Eingriff eines Volkstribuns des 5.Jh. v.Chr. in die Gesetzgebung schwer vorstellbar ist, ist die Glaubw…

Ampius

(224 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
Röm. Gentilname. [English version] [1] C. C., praef. socium 201 v. Chr. praef. socium 201 v. Chr. (Liv. 31,2,5-9). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] Balbus, T. Geschichtsschreiber, 1. Jh. v. Chr. Volkstribun 63 v. Chr. (Vell. 2,40,4), praetor 59, anschließend procos. in Asia (MRR 2, 197). Nach der Rückkehr kandidierte er 55 erfolglos für das Konsulat (schol. Bob. 156St.), im Bürgerkrieg kämpfte er auf Seiten des Pompeius, für den er schon als Volkstribun bes. Auszeichnungen beantragt und der ihn dafür bei der Konsulats…

Labienus

(862 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance)
Nomen gentile of Etruscan origin; the family, which belonged to Rome's equestrian class, came from northern Picenum (Cic. Rab. perd. 22; Caes. B Civ. 1,15,2). [German version] [1] L., Q. Slain in the Curia c. 100 BC Uncle of L. [3], supported L. Ap(p)uleius [I 11] Saturninus in 100 BC and was slain at his side in the Curia on the Forum Romanum (Cic. Rab. perd. 14; 18; 20-22; Oros. 5,17,9). Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) [German version] [2] L. (Parthicus), Q. Commander in Asia Minor and Armenia c. 40 BC Son of L. [3]. At the end of 43 BC he undertook treaty negotiations at the behest of the m…

Furnius

(230 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Plebeian family name, perhaps connected with Etruscan furnial (Schulze 217, with epigraphical evidence). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [1] F., C. People's tribune 50 BC, orator Like his son F. [2], a famous Roman orator ( Furnii ... clari oratores; Jer. Chron. ad annum 1980-81). People's tribune in 50 BC, legate in 44-43, praetor in 42 (?), envoy in 40 and 39, promagistrate in Asia in 36-35, c onsul designatus for 29 (MRR 2, 249, 331, 353, 359, 376, 389, 402, 408; 3, 97). At first, an admirer of the orator Cicero, he placed himself politically in …

Attius

(775 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Plebeian gentilicium, verifiable since the 2nd cent. BC, in the older form Atius, in the MSS often confused with Accius (on the origin and spread, Schulze 68; 423; 551; ThlL 2,1169-71). The gens first achieved prominence with  Atia, the mother of the emperor Augustus. Early imperial pseudo-genealogy therefore invented an ancestor Atys (Verg. Aen. 5,568 Atys, genus unde Atii duxere Latini). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican era [German version] [I 1] A. Balbus, M. Grandfather of Augustus Brother-in-law of Caesar ( Iulia) and grandfather of Augustus ( Atia [1]). …

Ap(p)uleius

(3,219 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Zimmerman, Maaike (Groningen)
Plebeian gentile name (on form and distribution [1], ThLL 2, 291). The poet  Apuleius [III, of Madaura] I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] A. Real-estate dealer (1st cent. BC) Late Republican real-estate dealer ( praediator) (Cic. Att. 5,11,16; 12,4,2; 12,17). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] A. Proscribed in 43 BC Proscribed in 43 BC but escaped (App. B Civ. 4,166). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Schulze, 427. [German version] [I 3] A., L. People's tribune in 391 BC People's tribune in 391 BC, whose complaint supposedly caused M…

Arrius

(618 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Latin gentile name of Italian origin. I. Republic [German version] [I 1] A. (1st half of 1st cent. BC) Made fun of by Catull (Carm. 84) due to affected pronunciation. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] A., C. Neighbour of Cicero Neighbour of Cicero at his Formianum (Cic. Att. 2.14.2; 15.3). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 3] A., L. City praetor of Cales City praetor of Cales (ILLRP 560). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 4] A., Q. Praetor in 73 BC Praetor in 73 BC [1]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Schulze, 422-423. …

Annius

(2,226 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Latin, in Rome a plebeian gentilicium, which also occurs in Etruscan and Oscan inscriptions [1]. The Etruscan king Anius, after whom the  Anio was supposedly named (Plut. Mor. 315E-F), is a scholarly invention. In Rome Annii were active from the 3rd cent. BC in public life, produced in the 2nd cent. from the family of the Lusci two consuls and were notorious in the 1st cent. because of T.  A. [14] Milo. In the imperial era the name is widespread, various families are present (e.g. cognomina: Bas…

Drusus

(1,031 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Initially cognomen in the gens  Livia (ThlL, Onom. 3,256-260). According to Suet. Tib. 3,2, an otherwise unknown Livius (in the 3rd cent. BC) assumed the epithet, after he had won a duel with the Celtic leader Drausus, and passed it on to his family. Through  Livia's first marriage, with Ti. Claudius [I 19] Nero, the cognomen passed into the Claudian branch of the domus Augusta through her son Nero Claudius [II 24] (D. Maior), brother of the second Princeps  Tiberius; D. appears in the name of the son of D. Maior,  Germanicus, of the latter's son D. [II 2], …

Labienus

(745 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Konstanz)
Gentilname etr. Herkunft; die Familie, Roms Ritterstand zugehörig, stammte aus dem nördlichen Picenum (Cic. Rab. perd. 22; Caes. civ. 1,15,2). [English version] [1] L., Q. Um 100 v. Chr. in der Curia getötet Onkel des L. [3], unterstützte 100 v.Chr. L. Appuleius [I 11] Saturninus und wurde an dessen Seite in der Kurie auf dem Forum Romanum niedergemacht (Cic. Rab. perd. 14; 18; 20-22; Oros. 5,17,9). Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) [English version] [2] L. (Parthicus), Q. Feldherr in Kleinasien und Armenien um 40 v. Chr. Sohn des L. [3]. E. 43 v.Chr. im Auftrag der Caesarmörder zu Bündn…

Arrius

(533 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Lat. Gentilname ital. Herkunft [1]. I. Republik [English version] [I 1] A. (1. H. 1. Jh. v. Chr.) von Catull (carm. 84) wegen affektierter Aussprache verspottet. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [I 2] A., C. Nachbar Ciceros Nachbar Ciceros auf dessen Formianum (Cic. Att. 2,14,2; 15,3). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [I 3] A., L. Stadtpraetor von Cales Stadtpraetor von Cales (ILLRP 560). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [I 4] A., Q. Praetor 73 v.Chr. Praetor 73 v.Chr. [1]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Schulze, 422-42…

Drusus

(979 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Cognomen zunächst in der gens Livia (ThlL, Onom. 3,256-260). Nach Suet. Tib. 3,2 nahm ein nicht näher bekannter Livius (im 3. Jh.v.Chr.) nach seinem Sieg im Zweikampf über den Keltenführer Drausus den Beinamen an und vererbte ihn. Durch die erste Ehe der Livia mit Ti. Claudius [I 19] Nero gelangte das Cognomen über ihren Sohn Nero Claudius [II 24] D. (D. Maior), den Bruder des zweiten Princeps Tiberius, in den claudischen Zweig der domus Augusta: D. erscheint im Namen des Sohnes des D. Maior, Germanicus, bei dessen Sohn D. [II 2], beim Sohn des Tiberius (D. Minor [II …

Attius

(712 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Plebeischer Gentilname, bezeugt seit dem 2.Jh. v.Chr., in der älteren Form Atius, in den Hss. häufig mit Accius verwechselt (zu Herkunft und Verbreitung Schulze 68; 423; 551; ThlL 2,1169-71). Prominenz erlangte die gens erst mit Atia, der Mutter des Kaisers Augustus. Frühkaiserzeitliche Pseudogenealogie erfand deshalb einen Ahnherrn Atys (Verg. Aen. 5,568 Atys, genus unde Atii duxere Latini). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] A. Balbus, M. Großvater des Augustus Schwager Caesars (Iulia) und Großvater des Augustus (Atia [1])…

Annius

(2,158 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Latinischer, in Rom plebeischer Gentilname, der auch in etr. und osk. Inschr. vorkommt [1]. Der Etruskerkönig Anius, nach dem der Anio benannt sein soll (Plut. mor. 315E-F), ist gelehrte Erfindung. In Rom traten Annii seit dem 3. Jh. v. Chr. im öffentlichen Leben auf, stellten im 2. Jh. aus der Familie der Lusci zwei Konsuln und wurden im 1. Jh. durch T. A. [14] Milo berüchtigt. In der Kaiserzeit ist der Name sehr verbreitet, verschiedene Familien sind faßbar (z. B. Cognomina: Bassus, Gallus, Li…

Ap(p)uleius

(3,151 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Zimmerman, Maaike (Groningen)
Plebeischer Gentilname (zu Form und Verbreitung [1], ThLL 2, 291). Der Dichter s. Apuleius [III, von Madaura] I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] A. Immobilienhändler (1. Jh. v. Chr.) spätrepublikanischer Immobilienhändler ( praediator) (Cic. Att. 5,11,16; 12,4,2; 12,17). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [I 2] A. 43 v. Chr. proskribiert 43 v. Chr. proskribiert, aber entkommen (App. civ. 4,166). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Schulze, 427. [English version] [I 3] A., L. Volkstribun 391 v. Chr. Volkstribun 391 v. Chr., durch desse…

Ateius

(581 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Kaster, Robert A. (Princeton) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
Italic proper name [1. 347, 426], traceable in the public life of Rome since the 1st cent. BC, not very common. [German version] [1] A. Legate of M. Antonius in Gaul, 41/40 BC Legate (?) of M.  Antonius in Gallia in 41/40 BC (MRR 3,26). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] A., M. Centurio during the storming of Athens in 86 BC centurio, distinguished himself during the storming of Athens in 86 BC (Plut. Sull. 14,3). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Schulze. [German version] [3] A. Capito, C. Tribunus plebis 55 BC Fought as tribunus plebis from 55 BC together with…

Fufius

(762 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of a plebeian family [1], perhaps from Cales, politically active from the 3rd cent. BC. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] People's tribune in the mid-2nd cent. BC People's tribune (?) in the mid-2nd cent. BC, otherwise unknown author of a lex Fufia on the fixing of permissible days for public assemblies (usually mentioned together with the lex Aelia,  Aelius [I 1]). MRR 1,452f.; 3,3f. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] F., L. Rom. orator in the 1st cent. BC Known as an orator in the 90s of the 1st cent. BC. Around 97 his speech in the prosecu…

Aurelius

(2,999 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Birley, A. R. (Düsseldorf)
Widespread plebeian gentilicium (ThlL 2,1482-87), which in ancient etymology is derived from Sabine and was derived via the older form Auselius from sol (sun) (Fest. p. 22; from this the modern derivation from the Sabine * ausel over Etruscan usil ‘Sun god’, cf. [1. 36; 2. 468]). The family attained noble status in the 1st Punic War with Aur. [3] and provides numerous consuls in the 2nd cent. BC from the branches of the Cottae, Orestae and Scauri. This, however, does not completely explain the building stages and assignment of various viae Aureliae in the 2nd cent. [3; 4]. The late R…

Androsthenes

(244 words)

Author(s): Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Gärtner, Hans Armin (Heidelberg)
[German version] [1] See > Olympionikai see  Olympionikai Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich) [German version] [2] Commander of  Philippus V in the second Macedonian War Commander of  Philippus V in the second Macedonian War, held Corinth despite being defeated in Nemea by the Achaeans under  Nicostratus (Liv. 33,14,1; 15). Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich) [German version] [3] General of the Thessalian League (middle of the 1st cent. BC) General of the Thessalian League ( praetor Thessaliae); after Caesar's defeat at Dyrrhachium, he joined  Pompeius and attempted to defend …
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