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(710 words)

Author(s): Wischmeyer, Wolfgang
1. History Originally located on the bay of Coressus at the mouth of the Caÿster (Turk. Küçük Menderes) River, the city of Ephesus was refounded by Lysimachus, king of Thrace and Macedonia (306–281 b.c.). When it came under Roman rule in 133 b.c., it was capital of the senatorial province of Asia (29 b.c.-a.d. 297) and, even with competition from Pergamum and Smyrna, the most important and wealthiest city of Asia Minor. The sebasteion, dedicated to Rome (Roman Religion) and Augustus, housed the provincial archives, courts, and treasury. The temple of Artemis, the Ar…


(1,756 words)

Author(s): Fritz, Volkmar | Wischmeyer, Wolfgang
1. Biblical Archaeology 1.1. Task The task of biblical archaeology is to investigate the history of settlement and culture of Palestine. This task demands the reconstruction of the history of settlement and the recovery of artifacts by surface exploration and excavation, followed by the collection and interpretation of the artifacts with a view to exhibiting the material culture in the different epochs. Surface exploration involves taking an inventory of whatever remains may still be present. Ruined buildings are seldom available. A site usually consists o…