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Power

(1,045 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Jürgen
Conceptualizations of Cosmic Power and Energy 1. Instead of entertaining conceptualizations of personal gods, today's independent religiosity (particularly in the → New Age religion) thinks of a religious ground in terms of cosmic power, or of a monistically understood cosmic energy, in which creation and creator are not distinguished, and the world is underlain by only one principle. As a rule, the cosmos enters into relation with the human being ‘as within, so without.’ Therefore the energies of the earth can influence human charact…

Teutons

(1,156 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Jürgen
Discovery of the Teutons in Romanticism 1. a) The early nineteenth century's emphasis on appreciating one's own people and history resulted in a rediscovery not only of the Middle Ages, but also Teutonic prehistory. Research into the folktale, popular sagas, and folk usages began during this time. Jacob Grimm (1785–1863) attempted to expose ancient, concealed folk material, and thereby, presumably, to meet with a plethora of pagan relics of pre-Christian times. This work, however, has been surpassed by today's scholarship. In the popularization of ancient Teutonic myths ( Walhall, …

Place, Sacred

(212 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Jürgen
Sacred places are holy places remarkable for their special disposition, or for a → memory connected to a particular place, where religious rites are performed. Scholarly dispute concerning their actual function notwithstanding, the oldest places of worship can be dated back to the Old Stone Age (→ Cave). The stone settings of the megalith cultures that began in Europe at the end of the New Stone Age (from 3000–2000 BCE), and to a certain extent lasted to the middle of the Bronze Age (1500 BCE), …

Appenwiler, Erhard

(239 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Jürgen
d. 18th Jan 1472. Alsace, Switzerland. Vicar at the cathedral of Basel, probably born in Colmar. Owner and continuator of the Basel manuscript of the Sächsische Weltchronik (Basel, UB, E VI 26). Appenwiler acquired the manuscript, which already contained the main text of the chronicle, in Basel before 1439. In the next 33 years, he completed and continued it, adding a contemporary chronicle of the town in Latin and German with current news, prices, weather information, the Latin Annales Parisienses (annals of the Cistercian monastery of Pairis, Alsace), the Latin Coronatio regis Fred…
Date: 2016-10-17

Königsberg World Chronicle

(208 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Jürgen
end of the 13th century. Germany, Baltic, Poland. A Latin translation of the Low German Sächsische Weltchronik; with additions from the papal and imperial chronicle of Martin of Opava in the sections after Lothar III. The Königsberg World Chronicle starts with the beginning of the world and ends with the death of Konradin (d. 1268) and pope Nicolaus III (1277-80). Its focus is the Holy Roman Empire. The combination with the Annales Silesiae Superioris in the oldest manuscript indicates a Silesian origin of the translation. This oldest manuscript, written in the late 13th century, forme…
Date: 2016-10-17

Scheyerer Fürstentafel

(336 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Jürgen
(Scheyern table of princes) [Tabula Perantiqua Schirensis (Table of Scheyern's antiquities)] 1393-95. Germany. Vernacular history of the Benedictine monastery of Scheyern and the genealogy of the house of Wittelsbach from Tassilo (748-88) to Ludwig II, the Strict (1253-94). Beginning with a fabulous tale of the foundation of the monastery by the Dukes of Scheyern and the descent of the Dukes of Wittelsbach, the chronicle was written in the Bavarian dialect on a wooden panel ( tafel) in the ducal chapel in Scheyern. It has been understood as propaganda against the incri…
Date: 2016-10-17

Heinrich von Beeck

(358 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Jürgen
mid-15th century. Germany. Author of the so-called Agrippina (1469-72), a German (Ripuarian) prose chronicle of Cologne. Next to nothing is known about Heinrich. His name is reported in town charters but without any statement on his status. More information can be adduced from 16 letters from the city of Cologne to a Kaufhausmeister Heinrich van Beecke in Mainz (1471-75), whom Meier has identified as our author. This would suggest that after finishingthe chronicle in Cologne in 1471/72, Heinrich went to Mainz to take abetter job in the administration of …
Date: 2016-10-17

Chronica regia Coloniensis

(428 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Jürgen
(Cologne royal chronicle) 1197-1202. Germany. Latin prose chronicle of the kings and emperors of the Roman (German) Empire probably from Augustus (the beginning is lost) to the time of the author. It was written by an unidentified canon of Cologne or Siegburg (Groten argues for Siegburg, Lückerath disagrees), whose initial account reached to the year 1197 (1175 in the earliest manuscript) and was then extended to 1202. His main sources were the world chronicle of Frutolf/Ekkehard of Aura for the time before 1106 and the lost but reconstructable Annales Patherbrunnenses (the so-called A…
Date: 2016-10-17

Sächsische Weltchronik

(1,477 words)

Author(s): Shaw, Frank | Wolf, Jürgen
(Saxonian World Chronicle) 1230 (Rezension B 1240; Rezension C 1260-1275). Germany. World chronicle in Middle Low German, with High German versions. The Sächsische Weltchronik (the title is Weiland's – the manuscripts mostly have kronik/cronica or römische kronik) is a world chronicle from the beginning of the world (Genesis 1,1ff.) to the time of writing, or sometimes to the fifteen signs before doomsday.The authorship and origin of the works are still matters of scholarly controversy. In many manuscripts, the prose text is preceded by a prologue in vers…
Date: 2016-10-17