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Pachymeres, Georgios

(245 words)

Author(s): Wolfram, Gerda (Vienna)
[German version] (Γεώργιος ὁ Παχυμέρης; Geṓrgios ho Pachymérēs). Byzantine universal scholar and humanist, born in 1242 in Nicaea [5], died around 1310. P. held high Church and state offices ( prōtékdikos and dikaiophýlax). He studied philosophy, rhetoric, mathematics and physics with Georgios Akropolites. His important history in 13 volumes [1] deals with events in the period between 1255 and 1308 and is the only extensive historical work from the time of the Palaeologi dynasty. In addition to books on rhetoric and philosophy…

Psalmody

(1,048 words)

Author(s): Haas, Max (Basle) | Zimmermann, Heidy (Basle) | Wolfram, Gerda (Vienna)
Haas, Max (Basle) [German version] I. General Remarks (CT) Psalmody is not a genre; instead it is a term commonly used in musicology to refer to a style of unison singing found in the Western and Eastern Churches. It encompasses several aspects: (1) Psalmody is a counterpart to the concept of music. If music is considered to be the visual form by means of which sound phenomena are studied, then psalmody refers to a specific way in which such phenomena are played. (2) Psalmody is based for the most part o…

Music

(14,471 words)

Author(s): Haas, Max (Basle) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Bernhard, Michael | Sachs, Klaus-Jürgen | Steinhauser, Ulrike | Et al.
Haas, Max (Basle) I. History of Ideas (CT) [German version] A. Introduction (CT) In an ancient tradition continuing to the 17th/18th cent., music was conceived as a twofold possibility of dealing with 'experience' and 'structure' [21]. In the first case, it was considered as the medium that enables abstraction from individual sensual perception. The opposite process was also possible: music provides insight into intelligible factors that do not necessarily lead to sense perception. In the following, therefor…