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Judeo-Arabic, Libya, Hebrew Component in

(2,641 words)

Author(s): Yoda, Sumikazu
1. Introduction In the Arabic dialect of the Jews of Tripoli (Libya) the following Hebrew elements have been identified in fieldwork carried out by S. Yoda between 1996 and 2000: ʿīnārə́ʿ (< עֵין הָרַע ʿēn hå̄-rå̄ʿ) ‘evil eye’, bdəq (< בָּדַק bå̄ḏaq) ‘to check’, bəsxū́č (< בִּזְכוּת bi-zḵūṯ) ‘thanks to’, brāxā́ (< בְּרָכָה bərå̄ḵå̄) ‘blessing’, būrī́m (< פּוּרִים pūrīm) ‘Purim’, čānā́x (< תַּנַ״ך tanaḵ) ‘the Bible’, čfəllī́m (< תְּפִלִּין təp̄illīn) ‘Bar Mitzvah’, čfənnə́q (< הִתְפַּנֵּק hiṯpannēq) ‘to be spoiled’, čkəwwə́n (< הִתְכַּוֵּן hiṯkawwēn) ‘to intend’, dāwī́d (< דָּוִד då̄wīḏ) ‘King Da…

Libyan Judeo-Arabic

(2,548 words)

Author(s): Yoda Sumikazu
Arabic-speaking Jewish communities existed in the coastal cities of Libya and some of its inland villages. The Judeo-Arabic of the city of Tripoli shows many phenomena not found in surrounding Arabic dialects, but the linguistic situation of the entire Libyan territory has not yet been thoroughly investigated.Jewish Dialects of LibyaThis article mainly discusses the Arabic dialect of the Jews of the city of Tripoli (hereinafter TJ). Where necessary the IPA transcription notation is used (in some cases somewhat simplified).The cities or towns in Libya where Jews once lived…