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Car

(78 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κάρ; Kár). [German version] [1] Son of Phoroneus Eponym of the fortress of Megara (originally Caria) (Paus. 1,39,5), son of  Phoroneus; founder of the Demeter Temple. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Zeus and Crete Eponym of  Carians in Asia Minor; brother of Lydus and Mysus (Hdt. 1,171; Str. 14,659). Son of Zeus and Crete (Ael. NA 12,30); founder of the city of  Alabanda, buried in Euangela (Steph. Byz. s.v. K.). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iodama

(65 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοδάμα; Iodáma). Local deity of Coronea (Boeotia), driven out by Athena. In mythology the daughter of  Itonus, granddaughter of  Amphictyon [2], priestess of Athena Itonia, who turned her to stone with the Gorgoneion (Paus. 9,34,2); in a different tradition mother of Thebe by Zeus, sister of Athena, killed by her out of jealousy (Simonides, FGrH 8 F 1). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Intarabus

(54 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Entarabus). Celtic deity only attested in inscriptions (CIL VIII, 3632, 4128), worshipped in the territory of the Treveri (Trier, Germany). The inscriptions speak of buildings dedicated to Intarabus ( porticus, aedes, fanum, simulacrum), which indicates the deity's popularity. In CIL VIII, 3653 I. is given the epithet Mars. Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Cabye, Cambyse

(122 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καβύη, Καμβύση; Kabýē, Kambýsē). Heroine. Daughter of the Epean Opus in Elis. In order to link the Locrian royal genealogy with the Epean, Pindar has Zeus kidnap the daughter of Opus from Elis, father a son with her in Arcadia, and then bring him to the childless king  Locrus as an adoptive son (Pind. Ol. 9,57; cf. also Diod. Sic. 14,17). According to Aristotle in the Opountíōn politeía, Opus' daughter is called Cambyse (schol. Pind. Ol. 9,86 = Aristot. fr. 561 Rose). Since Plutarch, who referred to her as Cabye, also drew from Aristotle (Plut. …

Lampas

(64 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Λα[μ]πάς/ La[m]pás, ‘torch’) is documented as the name of a maenad in a vase inscription, as the name of a hetaera (Ath. 13,583e), and the name of one of the five dogs of Daphnis who perish over his grave (Ael. NA 11,13; cf. schol. Theoc. 1,65); L. can also be a person's name [1]. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 Bechtel, HPN, 604f.

Locrus

(192 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Λοκρός; Lokrós). [German version] [1] Mythical ancestor of the Locrian tribe Mythical ancestor ( ktístēs) of the Locrian tribe, son of Physcus (Hdn. 2,947), grandson of Amphictyon [2] (the oldest sacred site of the Delphian Amphiktyonia was located in Anthela/East Locris). Cabye or Protogeneia (schol. Pind. Ol. 9,86) is his wife. The Leleges, who were led by L. (Hes. fr. 234,1 M.-W.), named themselves Locrians after him (Str. 7,7,2). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Zeus Son of Zeus and the Argive king's daughter Maera, helps Amphion [1] and Zethus buil…

Gyas

(108 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] [1] Companion of Aeneas Companion of  Aeneas (Verg. Aen. 1,222; 1,612; 12,460). As a skipper he took part in the regatta in honour of Anchises (Verg. Aen. 5,114f.; Hyg. Fab. 273). The patrician house of the Geganii, was, according to Servius (Aen. 5,117) descended from him, although this is probably a later fabrication. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Latin giant with a club A Latin, a giant with a club, son of Melampus, who for his part is said to have come to Italy with Hercules. He and his brother Cisseus were killed in battle by Aeneas (Verg. Aen. 10,317). Zingg, Ret…

Gerana

(98 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Γεράνα; Gerána, ‘Crane woman’), a Pygmy woman, also called Oenoe (Antoninus Liberalis 16). She scorns Hera and Artemis and was worshipped like a goddess by her peers. Hera changed her into a crane and made her into an enemy of the  Pygmies (Ath. 9,394e; Ov. Met. 6,90). Her death led to a war between Pygmies and cranes (Hom. Il. 3,3ff.; Ael. NA 15,29). Three versions of the myth have been transmitted, all going back i.a. to the ‘Ornithogony’ by Boeus [1]. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 A. Ballabriga, Le malheur des nains, in: REA 83, 1981, 57-74.

Cranaus

(134 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κραναός; Kranaós). Attic hero; also, the personification of Attica's rough and rocky ground. C. ruled during the time of the Deucalionic flood ( Deucalion). His wife was Pedias (= ‘plains’) of Lacedaemon (Marmor Parium, FGrH 239 A 4) [1]. In the myth, he has three daughters: Cranae, Cranaichme and Atthis (Apollod. 3,186). C. functions as arbitrator in the conflict between Athena and Poseidon (Apollod. 3,179). Pindar refers to Athens as Cranaaí (Pind. Ol. 13,38), Attica's inhabitants called themselves Cranaoí (Hdt. 8,44). C. is forced by  Amphictyon [1] to…

Hebe

(130 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἥβη; Hḗbē) - the name stands for ‘Youth’, personification of the beauty of youth. Cults were dedicated to her in Mantinea (Paus. 8,9,3), in Cos together with Hercules (Cornutus 31), and esp. in Argos with Hera (Paus. 2,17,5). She is better documented in mythological poetry, as the daughter of Zeus and Hera, than in cult (Hes. Theog. 922; 950-952; Apollod. 1,13). She was given to  Hercules as his wife after his death (Pind. Nem. 1,69-72). Among the gods she appears as helper (Hom. …

Immaradus

(56 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰμμάραδος/ Immárados, Ἴσμαρος/ Ísmaros). Eleusinian, son of  Eumolpus. Either alone or alongside his father, I. leads a Thracian army against the Athenians only to be killed in this ‘Eleusinian War’ by  Erechtheus (Apollod. 3,202). The duel was represented in a bronze group by  Myron on the Acropolis of Athens (Paus. 1,5,2). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Korythale

(116 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (κορυθάλη, κορυθαλίς; korythálē, korythalís, ‘leafy twig’ [1]). Doric variant type of the Eiresione (Hsch. s.v. Κορυθαλία). Korythale is a fertility twig from the olive tree or laurel (Plut. Theseus 18), a harvest fetish or fertility fetish [2], which was placed in front of the door at ephebic festivals and weddings (EM 531,53). At the festival of Tithenidia (= ‘wet-nurse festival’), which was celebrated with obscene dances performed by disguised actors [3], the korythale was presented to the goddess of fertility and wet-nurses, Artemis Korythalia (Hs…

Calyce

(181 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Καλύκη; Kalýkē = ‘Bud’, ‘Rose blossom’). [German version] [1] Daughter of Aiolos [1] and Enarete Daughter of the Thessalian king  Aeolus [1] and Enarete; she had seven brothers and four sisters and is the mother of  Endymion by Aethlius or Zeus (Apollod. 1,50; 56; Hes. fr. 10a M-W). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Mistress of Poseidon Daughter of Hecaton, mother of  Cycnus by Poseidon (Hyg. Fab. 157; cf. schol. Pind. Ol. 2.91 where she is called Kalykía). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Woman whose love is unrequited A woman whose love is unrequited;she prays to A…

Caliadne

(21 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καλιάδνη, Καλιάνδη; Kaliádnē, Kaliándē). Naiad, mother of twelve sons fathered by Aegyptus (Apollod. 2.19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iobates

(76 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοβάτης/ Iobátēs, ‘who strides along powerfully’). King of Lycia (anonymous in Hom. Il. 6,174-177), to whom Proetus sends  Bellerophontes with the ‘Uriah letter’ (Apollod. 2,30ff.; Hyg. Fab. 57; cf. Plut. Mor. 248a-d). Father of  Stheneboea and Philonoe. An homonymous tragedy by Sophocles has been transmitted in fragmentary form (TrGF IV 297-299); Euripides wrote a Stheneboea (TGF p.567). Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography T. R. Bryce, The Lycians in Literary and Epigraphic Sources I, 1986, 16-20; 209.

Gyes

(31 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Γύης; Gýēs). According to the MSS [1], probably the incorrectly written form of Gyges, one of the  Hecatoncheires. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 M. L. West, Hesiod, Theogony, 1966, 210.

Hylaeus

(51 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑλαῖος/ Hylaîos, ‘Man of the woods’).  Centaur, depicted in battle against the Lapiths (Verg. G. 2,457) on the François Vase (6th cent. BC); slain by Theseus (Serv. Aen. 8,294), Hercules (Hor. Carm. 2,12,6) or  Atalante (Apollod. 3,106; Callim. H. 3,221), whom he pursued together with Rhoeicus. Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iophossa

(45 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοφῶσσα; Iophôssa). According to Hesiod and Acusilaus another name of  Chalciope [2]. Daughter of Aeetes of Colchis and Idyia. Sister of Medea, wife of Phrixus, the father of her four sons (schol. Apoll. Rhod. 2,1122; 2,1149; Apollod. 1,83). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Ianira

(28 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰάνειρα; Iáneira, ‘virility’).  Nereid (Hom. Il. 18,47; Apollod. 1,12) or  Oceanid (Hes. Theog. 356), one of Persephone's playmates (H. Hom. 2,421). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Hyrnetho

(47 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑρνηθώ; Hyrnēthṓ). Eponym of the Argive phyle Hyrnathioi; sanctuaries in Argus and Epidaurus. Daughter of  Temenus and wife of the Heraclid  Deiphontes. H. was killed by her brothers because she took her husband's side in a family quarrel (Paus. 2,28,3-7). Zingg, Reto (Basle)
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