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Maiandrou pedion

(47 words)

Author(s): Blümel, Wolfgang (Cologne)
[German version] (Μαιάνδρου πεδίον; Maiándrou pedíon). The plain which the Maeander [2] (modern Menderes) washed up on its lower reaches (Hdt. 1,18; 161; Thuc. 3,19; Xen. Hell. 3,2,17; Str. 14,1,42); known for its fertility. Blümel, Wolfgang (Cologne) Bibliography L. Bürchner, s.v. M.P., RE 14, 540.


(895 words)

Author(s): Blümel, Wolfgang (Cologne)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Achaemenids | Theatre | Ionic | Colonization | Marble | Peloponnesian War | Pergamum | Persian Wars | Delian League | Education / Culture (Τέως/ Téōs, Hecat. FGrH 1 F 231 f.; ethnikon Τήϊος/ Tḗïos in Str. 14,1,29 f.). Ancient harbour city (Liv. 37,27,9) in the region of modern Sığacık/Seferihisar on the west coast of Asia Minor c. 30 km south west of İzmir. The site of the ruins (foundation walls of the famous Temple of Dionysus, built by Hermogenes [4]; theatre dating from the Hellenistic period w…


(201 words)

Author(s): Frey, Alexandra (Basle) | Blümel, Wolfgang (Cologne)
(Μαίανδρος; Maíandros). [German version] [1] God of the homonymous river God of the homonymous river M. [2] that flows into the sea in the Bay of Miletus; son of Oceanus and Tethys (Hes. Theog. 339); furthermore, father of Samia and Cyane, who bears Miletus the twins Byblis and Caunus [1] (Ov. Met. 9,450ff.). The sons of M. are, among others, Calamus [1] (Nonnus, Dion. 11,464ff.) and Marsyas [1]. Frey, Alexandra (Basle) [German version] [2] River in south-western Asia Minor Longest river in south-western Asia Minor (modern Menderes), has its origin near Celaenae and after …


(192 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) | Blümel, Wolfgang (Cologne)
[German version] (Μυκάλη; Mykálē). Mountain range on the west coast of Asia Minor (up to 1237 m high), ending opposite Samos in Cape Trogilium, present-day Dilek Dağı; there is a debate about whether M. is actually the Hittite Arinnanda. Hom. Il. 2,869 states that M.was inhabited by the Cares tribe (cf. [1]). It is famous for the victory of the Greeks over the Persians in 479 BC (Hdt. 9,90ff.). Melia and the Archaic Panionion were situated on the M. (Hdt. 1,148); the later town of Panionion (4th ce…


(1,218 words)

Author(s): Meyer, Ernst (Zürich) | Blümel, Wolfgang (Cologne) | Kaletsch, Hans (Regensburg)
(Μαγνησία; Magnēsía). [German version] [1] Thessalian coastal region (Ethnicon Μάγνης, Μαγνῆτες/ Mágnēs, Magnêtes; IG IX 2,1228 b16: dat. pl. Μαγνείτεσσι/ Magneítessi 3rd cent. BC). The Thessalian coastal region of Peneius to the Gulf of Pagasae with a narrow peninsula stretching far to the south, which encloses the Gulf of Pagasae in the east and south, filled up completely by the mountains Ossa and Pelion and their foothills. The east coast toward the open sea was without a harbour and feared by sailors; in 480 B…