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Praefectus

(2,472 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
('Superior, head', from praeficere; his office or area of responsibility = praefectura). The praefectus is the Roman functionary appointed by a magistratus as a proxy with comprehensive responsibilities for a defined period or for a specific task per mandatum (see praefectus iure dicundo/dando). In the Empire, his appointment by the princeps generally resulted in the functions becoming permanent. In the non-military field, the designation praefectus was still used only under Augustus [1] for new functions; later it was used exclusively in analogy to already existing functions. Pr…

Numisia

(100 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] N. Maximilla Vestal virgin around 200 AD Virgo Vestalis maxima (Vestal Virgin), at least after 201; she took part in the Saecular Games ( saeculum ) of AD 204 PIR2 N 219. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Cocceia Bassula N. Procula Wife of M. Munatius Popilicanus She was married to M. Munatius Popilicanus. The question as to whether she and the senator's wife N. Procula in CIL XV 7459 are one and the same person cannot be resolved [1. 334]. PIR2 N 220. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M.-Th. Raepsaet-Charlier, in: Journal of Roman archeology 4, 1991.

Seius

(359 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] S. Fuscianus Senator, from early youth a friend of Marcus [2] Aurelius with whom he also studied philosophy together (SHA Aur. 3,8). S. was cos. suff. no later than AD 151 [1. 159 f.], cos ord. II in 188 and praef. urbi probably until 189 (SHA Pert. 4,3); his successor was the later emperor Pertinax. S. presided over prosecutions of Christians (Tert. Ad nat. 1,16; Hippolytos, refutatio 9,11,4; 12,7 f.). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Alföldy, Konsulat. [German version] [2] L. S. Strabo Father of L. Aelius [II 19] Seianus. He was from Volsinii in Et…

Aedinius Iulianus, M

(97 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] By this name are known a praefectus Aegypti in AD 222/3 [1. 308 f.], a senatorial patron in the album of Canusium (CIL IX 338 = ILS 6121) and a legatus Augusti of the Lugdunensis, who later became praef. praetorio (before 238, CIL XIII 3162; [2]). Presumably all evidence points to one person; the mixed senatorial-knightly career can probably be placed in the time of  Elagabalus. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei Prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 263-328 2 H. G. Plaum, Marbre de Thorigny, 1948. Dietz, 40 f. Leunissen, 100,…

Caesennius

(268 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.C. Antoninus Consul. suff. 128 AD Cos. suff. in AD 128, perhaps son of C. [5] [1. 49, 118]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A.C. Gallus Roman military and governor, 1st cent. AD As legate of the legio XII Fulminata, he fought the Jewish rebellion in AD 66 (Jos. Bell. Iud. 2,510ff.; 3,31). After a suffect consulate, he was governor of Cappadocia-Galatia from 80 to 82/3 (PIR2 C 170) [2. 304ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L. Iunius C. Paetus Roman governor, 1st cent. AD Cos. ord. in AD 61 (AE 1973, 141f.). Extraordinary governor of C…

Mestrius

(269 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.M. Son of L.M. Florus (cos. suff. ca. AD 75), [1] L. M. Son of M. [3]. PIR2 M 529. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.M. Autobulus Son of Plutarch, [2] L. M.Autobulus Son of Plutarch, who was revered in Chaeronea as a Platonic philosopher (Syll.3 844). His father dedicated his work on the Platonic Tímaios to him (Plut. mor. 1012a-1030d). PIR2 M 530. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L.M. Florus Cos. suff. c. AD 75, [3] L. M.Florus Senator. Probably entered the Senate as a novus homo under Nero. At the beginning of the year AD 69 he was in Ro…

Hadrianus [II]

(2,592 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Origin and senatorial career Roman Emperor AD 117-138. Son of Senator P. Aelius Hadrianus Afer and one Domitia Paulina; his home town was  Italica in the Spanish province of Baetica. Born on 24 January 76 probably in Rome as P. Aelius Hadrianus. When he was 10 years of age he lost his father, who had achieved the rank of praetor. The eques Acilius Attianus and the senator (later emperor) M. Ulpius Traianus, his great-uncle (see stemma in [1. 308]), both likewise from Italica, became his guardians. At an early age he was made acquainted wi…

Matuccius

(63 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Matuccius Fuscinus. Praetorian legate of the legio III Augusta in the year AD 158; he was already designated to be consul at that time. On 21 June 159 he is attested as being consul along with M. Pisibanius Lepidus. PIR2 M 374. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography B. E. Thomasson, Fasti Africani, 1997, 151f. P. Weiß, in: Chiron 29, 1999.

Pilatus

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] see Pontius [II 7] See Pontius [II 7].  Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] M.P. Sabinus Official, 2nd cent. AD Senator. Cos. suff. in AD 153; consular governor of Moesia Superior, recorded in 159/160. PIR2 P 822. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sextia

(103 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Wife of L. Cornelius [II 59] Sulla Felix, died in 24 AD Wife of L. Cornelius [II 59] Sulla Felix who died in AD 21. When her second husband Mamercus Aemilius [II 14] Scaurus was forced into suicide in 34, she killed herself together with him (Tac. Ann. 6,29,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, no. 711. [German version] [2] Sister of S. [1]? Possibly a sister of S. [1]. When her son-in-law L. Antistius [II 12] Vetus was accused in AD 66, she, he and her granddaughter Antistia [3] Pollitta took their own lives (Tac. Ann. 16,10 f.). Eck, Werner (Colog…

Polydeuces

(68 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
(Πολυδεύκης/ Polydeúkēs). [German version] [1] One of the Spartan Dioscuri, brother of Castor See Dioscuri. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Slave of the emperor Claudius Slave of Claudius [III 1], who took him to court when Caligula granted slaves generally the right to proceed against their masters. Although Caligula appeared in court, Claudius was not sentenced (Jos. Ant. Iud. 19,12 f.). PIR2 P 562. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Laecanius

(181 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C.L. Bassus Senator from Pola, cos. Suff. In 40 AD Senator from Pola in Istria. Praetor urbanus in AD 32; cos. suff. AD 40. L. ran a sizeable pottery production on his property on the Istrian peninsula; his son carried it on [1. 230ff.]. PIR2 L 30. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.L. Bassus Consul ord. 64 AD Son of L. [1]. Consul ordinarius AD 64. He died in the reign of Vespasian [1. 230ff.]; his adoptive son was L. [4] (cf. [2. 115f.]). PIR2 L 31. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C.L. Bassus Caecina Paetus see Caecina [II 6]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) …

Posides

(63 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Freedman of Claudius [III 1], who placed a great deal of trust in him (Suet. Claud. 28,1). In AD 43, P. accompanied Claudius to Britannia and at the ensuing triumph he was given a hasta pura like a freeborn military officer, whereby the position of trust he held with Claudius was also publicly revealed. PIR2 P 878. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Calpetanus

(115 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Famous physician according to Pliny According to Plin. HN 29,7 a famous physician (PIR2 C 234). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.C. Rantius Sedatus Metronius (?) Consul suff. 47AD Curator tabulariorum publicorum in AD 45 (CIL VI 916 = 31201); cos. suff. in AD 47 [1]. Consular legate of Dalmatia after AD 47 (ILJug. 2064; PIR2 C 235). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] C.C. Statius Rufus Civil building official 1st cent. AD Member of the collegium of the curatores locorum publicorum iudicandorum and the curatores riparum et alvei Tiberis under Ti…

Coronius C. Titianus

(26 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Vir perfectissimus, governor of the provincia vetus of Epirus between AD 293 and 305 (AE 1993, 1406). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Praegustator

(174 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] ('Food taster'). Food tasters, used to protect persons in positions of high authority from poisoning, had been employed since the time of the Persian Achaemenidae [2], then also by Alexander [4] the Great (e.g. Xen. Cyr. 1,3,9; Just. Epit. 12,14,9). Mark Antony (Antonius [II I 9]) is said to have been the first of the Romans to employ a praegustator (Plin. HN. 21,9,12). Praegustatores were put in the employ of Roman rulers beginning with Augustus [1]. It is unclear whether their profession was always in reality dangerous. A certain Coetus Herodianus, praegustator divi A…

Catilius

(177 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] [Ca]tilius Longus Eques from Bithynia, 1st cent. AD Eques from Apamea in Bithynia who was accepted into the Senate by Vespasian (CIL III 335 = Eck, ZPE 42, 1981, 242ff. = AE 1982, 860). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] L.C. Severus Procos. Asiae, 3rd cent. AD Descendant of C. [3]. as attested in Frater Arvalis, 213 and 218; probably procos. Asiae (IGR IV 1281) [1. 112f., 418f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L.C.Severus Iulianus Claudius Reginus Cos. ord. II 120 AD Senator from Bithynia, see C. [1] [2. 133ff.; 3. 127ff.]. Praetorian c…

Glitius

(264 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q.G. Atilius Agricola Quaestor under Vespasianus An Atilius by birth, presumably adopted by a G., from Augusta Taurinorum, where he was honoured by various cities, also by means of trapezophora. Probably of senatorial origin; the fact that he became quaestor of Vespasianus indicates imperial patronage; under Domitianus he was iuridicus in Spain, legatus legionis VI Ferratae in Syria and praetorian governor of Belgica, also under Nerva, then cos. suff. in September/October AD 97, when Trajan was adopted. Consular governor of Pannonia in 101-2, p…

Plancia Magna

(120 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of M. Plancius [3] Varus and wife of C. Iulius [II 48] Cornutus Tertullus. She was from Perge, where she held several public offices. After erecting others, she built a spectacular tower with statues of Diana Pergensis, the Genius Civitatis, of Divus Augustus and of the members of the imperial family in the time of Trajan and Hadrian [1]. She is an example of a senator's wife who, despite her connexions with Rome through her sociopolitical relationships, also maintained close ties with her homeland. PIR2 P 444. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 S. Şahin (ed.)…

Nymphidius

(291 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] N. Lupus Soldier and adviser of Pliny the Younger He served in the army as a praefectus in Syria around AD 80/1, when Plinius the Younger was a tribunus militum in the legio III Gallica. Later N. reached rank of a primipilaris. Pliny called him to Pontus-Bithynia as an adviser. For his son of the same name Pliny requested a military tribunate from the emperor Trajan (Plin. Epist. 10,87). PIR2 N 248; 249. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C.N. Sabinus 1st cent. AD soldier and official Son of C. Iulius [II 36] Callistus's freedwoman Nymphidia. Later N. cla…
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