Fustian (from medieval Lat.
fustis, “stick,” “wood,” or Arabic
fustan, “garment”) is a blended fabric composed of linen (warp) and cotton (weft) that was produced in various patterns and grades and was generally considered a subset of woven linen. Some of the special grades of fustian in the Empire included “Sarrock,” “Sartuch” (Cologne), and “Schürlitz” (Basel). It is difficult to distinguish fustian from bombazine, which was produced as a separate type of fabric from the 16th through t…