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Limenia

(114 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[English version] (Λιμενία). Stadt an der Nordküste von Kypros [1]. L. erscheint auch unter den Namen Limen und Limnitis in frühchristl. Texten, aus denen die Existenz eines Hafens hervorgeht (erörtert bei [1. 17-20]) und was gegen die Lokalisierung bei Strab. 14,6,3 im Binnenland spricht. Reste bei dem h. Limniti bezeugen eine kurzfristige Besiedlung schon im Neolithikum [2]. An der Flußmündung ein Heiligtum mit Funden von archa. bis hell. Zeit [3]. Senff, Reinhard (Bochum) Bibliography 1 A. Westholm, The Temples of Soloi, 1936 2 E. Gjerstad, Petra tou Limniti, The Swedish …

Pedalion

(42 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[English version] (Πηδάλιον). Das h. Kap Greco genannte SO-Kap der Insel Kypros, nach Strab. 14,6,3 der Aphrodite heilig (vgl. Ptol. 5,14,3). Senff, Reinhard (Bochum) Bibliography E. Oberhummer, s.v. P. (2), RE 19, 18  Ders., Die Insel Cypern, Bd. 1, 1903, 125f.

Alaschia

(143 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[English version] Das Land A. wird in spätbronzezeitlichen Urkunden aus Ägypten, Ebla, Mari, Babylon, Alalach, Ugarit und Hatuša genannt. Darin enthaltene top. Angaben weisen auf die Insellage von A. hin, was mit der Aufzählung von Produkten des Landes, bes. Kupfer (Produktion und Export in der Bronzezeit für Kypros gut bezeugt), den Ausschlag für Identifizierung von A. mit Kypros gegeben hat. In den Amarna-Briefen wird der König von A. als “Bruder des Pharao” bezeichnet, hethit. Quellen erwähnen …

Pediaios

(47 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[English version] (Πεδιαῖος). Hauptfluß der Insel Kypros, h. Pidias. Er durchfließt die h. Messaria genannte Ebene von Westen nach Osten und mündet beim ant. Salamis (Ptol. 5,14,3). Senff, Reinhard (Bochum) Bibliography E. Oberhummer, s.v. P., RE 19, 31  Ders., Die Insel Cypern, Bd. 1, 1903, 163f.

Kition

(359 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Ägäische Koine | Bildung | Diadochen und Epigonen | Kolonisation | Phönizier, Punier | Schrift | Zypern (Κίτιον). Wichtige Hafenstadt an der Südküste von Kypros, h. Larnaka. Befestigte myk. Stadt mit Tempel und Nekropolen [1], im 11. Jh.v.Chr. zerstört. Auf einer Stele aus K. beansprucht Sargon II. 709 v.Chr. die assyr. Oberhoheit. Eine im 9. Jh.v.Chr. von Tyros ausgehende Kolonisation begründete zunehmenden phoinik. Einfluß, der nach erfolgloser Teilnahm…

Kurion

(224 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Phönizier, Punier | Theater | Zypern (Κούριον). Stadt an der Südküste von Kypros, nach Hdt. 5,113 und Strab. 14,6,3 Gründung von Argos [II]. Siedlungsreste seit der Brz. Ein König wird erstmals in der Zeit Asarhaddons 673/2 v.Chr. gen. In der Schlacht von Salamis 480 v.Chr. ging der König Stasanor zu den Persern über. Der letzte König, Pasikrates, nahm auf Seiten Alexandros' [4] d.Gr. 312 v.Chr. an der Belagerung von Tyros teil. Spätant. Bistum. Im Stadtgebiet sind Befestigungsmauern, Thermen, röm. Privathä…

Pedalium

(49 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] (Πηδάλιον; Pēdálion). The south-eastern cape of the island of Cyprus, today called Kap Greco. According to Str. 14,6,3, it was sacred to Aphrodite (cf. Ptol. 5,14,3). Senff, Reinhard (Bochum) Bibliography E. Oberhummer, s.v. Pedalion (2), RE 19, 18  Id., Die Insel Cypern, vol. 1, 1903, 125f.

Tamassus

(278 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Kypros | | Phoenicians, Poeni | Aegean Koine (Ταμασ[σ]ός/ Tamas(s)ós). City in the centre of Cyprus at the eastern fringes of the Troodus Mountains at the modern village of Politiko to the southwest of Nicosia. T. was known in Antiquity for its wealth of copper (Hom. Od. 1,184: Τεμέση; Str. 14,6,5). The settlement can be traced back as far at the Bronze Age. T. is first mentioned as an autonomous city kingdom in 673/2 BC in an Assyrian inscription [1]. …

Idalium

(245 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Kypros (Ἰδάλιον; Idálion). Mentioned in Assyrian inscriptions of 672 BC, a Graeco-Phoenician city in the interior of Cyprus, known to ancient literature as a principal seat of the cult of Aphrodite (Theocr. 15,100; Verg. Aen. 1,681; 692). Inhabited since the late Bronze Age. Ruins close to modern Dhali, between Larnaka and Nicosia, with two acropoleis, a city wall, house remains and necropoleis [1]. In the sanctuaries of Anat-Athena, Rešef-Apollo…

Marium

(306 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Kypros | Diadochi and Epigoni (Μάριον/ Márion). Capital of a local kingdom on the north-west coast of Cyprus near the modern Polis tis Chrysochou. Some of its coins display the name of the city as well as the name of the dynast [1]. Finds go back to the Geometric period (900-700 BC). The export of copper from the mines of the nearby modern Limniti intensified the contact with Greece, especially with Athens (cf. IG II2 1675 l. 18). This is also demonstrated by finds from the extensive necropoleis and the locally produ…

Pediaeus

(57 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] (Πεδιαῖος; Pediaîos). Main river (present-day Pidias) on the island of Cyprus. It crosses the plain of Messaria from west to east and flows into the sea by the ancient coastal town of Salamis (Ptol. 5,14,3). Senff, Reinhard (Bochum) Bibliography E. Oberhummer, s.v. Pediaios, RE 19, 31  Id., Die Insel Cypern, vol. 1, 1903, 163f.

Vouni

(208 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] Modern name for an extensive fortified palace site on a hill above the bay of Morphou on the northern coast of Cyprus, about 7 km to the west of Soli [1], probably the residence of one of the Cypriot city kings. Built in c. 500 BC, destroyed in c. 380 BC (it is not known by whom). In the first two phases of building up to the middle of the 5th cent., a site developed with a central peristyle courtyard, around which the residential and representational rooms were grouped, and a storage section in the south-west. In subsequent co…

Lapethus

(232 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Kypros | Diadochi and Epigoni | Pompeius (Λάπηθος; Lápēthos). Port on the northern coast of Cyprus [1]. According to Str. 14,6,3, it was founded by Lacones under Praxander (Λάπαθος, Str. l.c.; Λάπηθις Φοινίκων, Scyl. 103). Phoenicians are attested epigraphically and through coins of king Sidqimelek ( c. 440-420 BC) [1]. The last king, Praxippus, was on the side of Antigonus [1] and was deposed by Ptolemy I in 312 BC (Diod. Sic. 19,59,1; 62,6; 79,4). In the Hellenistic period, there is evi…

Limenia

(130 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] (Λιμενία; Limenía). City on the north coast of Cyprus [1]. L. also appears under the names Limen and Limnitis in early Christian texts, from which the existence of a harbour is apparent (discussed in [1. 17-20]); this speaks against the inland location suggested by Str. 14,6,3. Remains near the modern Limniti show a short-term settlement as early as the Neolithic [2]. At the mouth of the river is a sanctuary with finds from the Archaic to Hellenistic periods [3]. Senff, Reinhard (Bochum) Bibliography 1 A. Westholm, The Temples of Soloi, 1936 2 E. Gjerstad, Petra tou Limni…

Carpasia

(160 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Kypros | (Καρπασία, Καρπάσεια; Karpasía, Karpáseia). Town on the north coast of the northern tip of Cyprus -- also named C. -- north of the modern Rizokarpaso (Hellanicus FGrH 4 F 57). Remains of port installations, town walls and necropolis with chamber tombs; so far, houses from classical to Roman times have been excavated, also an early Christian basilica complex. In 306 BC, C. was captured by  Demetrius [2] Poliorcetes. As an independent pólis, C. is epigraphically verified only for the Ptolemaic period. Bishop'…

Citium

(399 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Writing | Kypros | Diadochi and Epigoni | Colonization | Phoenicians, Poeni | Aegean Koine | Education / Culture (Κίτιον; Kítion). Important port city on the south coast of  Cyprus, modern Larnaca. Fortified Mycenaean town with temples and necropoleis [1], destroyed in the 11th cent. BC. On a stele from C., Sargon II claims Assyrian suzerainty in 709 BC.  Colonization emanating from Tyre in the 9th cent. BC established an increasing Phoenician presence, which peak…

Curium

(261 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Kypros | Phoenicians, Poeni (Κούριον). Town on the southern coast of  Cyprus, according to Hdt. 5,113 and Str. 14,6,3 founded by  Argus [II]. Remains of settlements from the Bronze Age. The first mention of a king is in the time of  Asarhaddon 673/2 BC. At the battle of Salamis in 480 BC, King Stasanor went over to the Persian side. The last king, Pasicrates, who was on the side of Alexander the Great, took part in the siege of Tyrus in 312 BC [4]. Diocese in late antiquity. In the city area, fortification walls, thermal …

Alashia

(150 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[German version] The country A. is named in late Bronze Age documents from Egypt,  Ebla, Mari, Babylon,  Alalah,  Ugarit and Hattuša. Topographical information contained therein points to the island position of A., which with the listing of the country's products, especially copper (production and export in the Bronze Age is well documented for  Cyprus), has tipped the scales for identifying A. with Cyprus. In the  Amarna letters, the king of A. is described as the ‘brother of pharaoh’, Hittite so…

Karpasia

(132 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Zypern | Straßen (Καρπασία, Καρπάσεια). Stadt an der Nordküste der gleichnamigen NO-Spitze von Kypros (Zypern) nördl. des h. Rizokarpaso (Hellanikos FGrH 4 F 57). Reste von Hafenanlagen, Stadtmauer und Nekropole mit Kammergräbern; ausgegraben bisher Häuser aus klass. bis röm. Zeit und ein frühchristl. Basilikakomplex. 306 v.Chr. von Demetrios [2] Poliorketes erobert. Eine selbständige pólis ist erst in ptolem. Zeit inschr. belegt. Seit dem 4. Jh.n.Chr. Bischofssitz. Senff, Reinhard (Bochum) Bibliography Ma…

Lapethos

(204 words)

Author(s): Senff, Reinhard (Bochum)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Diadochen und Epigonen | Pompeius | Zypern (Λάπηθος). Hafenstadt an der Nordküste von Kypros. Nach Strab. 14,6,3 von Lakones unter Praxandros gegr. (Λάπαθος, Strab. l.c.; Λάπηθις Φοινίκων, Skyl. 103). Phoiniker sind inschr. und durch Mz. des Königs Sidqimelek (ca. 440-420 v.Chr.) nachzuweisen [1]. Der letzte König Praxippos stand auf seiten des Antigonos [1] und wurde von Ptolemaios I. 312 v.Chr. abgesetzt (Diod. 19,59,1; 62,6; 79,4). In hell. Z…
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