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Car

(78 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κάρ; Kár). [German version] [1] Son of Phoroneus Eponym of the fortress of Megara (originally Caria) (Paus. 1,39,5), son of  Phoroneus; founder of the Demeter Temple. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Zeus and Crete Eponym of  Carians in Asia Minor; brother of Lydus and Mysus (Hdt. 1,171; Str. 14,659). Son of Zeus and Crete (Ael. NA 12,30); founder of the city of  Alabanda, buried in Euangela (Steph. Byz. s.v. K.). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iodama

(65 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοδάμα; Iodáma). Local deity of Coronea (Boeotia), driven out by Athena. In mythology the daughter of  Itonus, granddaughter of  Amphictyon [2], priestess of Athena Itonia, who turned her to stone with the Gorgoneion (Paus. 9,34,2); in a different tradition mother of Thebe by Zeus, sister of Athena, killed by her out of jealousy (Simonides, FGrH 8 F 1). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Intarabus

(54 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Entarabus). Celtic deity only attested in inscriptions (CIL VIII, 3632, 4128), worshipped in the territory of the Treveri (Trier, Germany). The inscriptions speak of buildings dedicated to Intarabus ( porticus, aedes, fanum, simulacrum), which indicates the deity's popularity. In CIL VIII, 3653 I. is given the epithet Mars. Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iophossa

(45 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοφῶσσα; Iophôssa). According to Hesiod and Acusilaus another name of  Chalciope [2]. Daughter of Aeetes of Colchis and Idyia. Sister of Medea, wife of Phrixus, the father of her four sons (schol. Apoll. Rhod. 2,1122; 2,1149; Apollod. 1,83). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Ianira

(28 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰάνειρα; Iáneira, ‘virility’).  Nereid (Hom. Il. 18,47; Apollod. 1,12) or  Oceanid (Hes. Theog. 356), one of Persephone's playmates (H. Hom. 2,421). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Locrus

(192 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Λοκρός; Lokrós). [German version] [1] Mythical ancestor of the Locrian tribe Mythical ancestor ( ktístēs) of the Locrian tribe, son of Physcus (Hdn. 2,947), grandson of Amphictyon [2] (the oldest sacred site of the Delphian Amphiktyonia was located in Anthela/East Locris). Cabye or Protogeneia (schol. Pind. Ol. 9,86) is his wife. The Leleges, who were led by L. (Hes. fr. 234,1 M.-W.), named themselves Locrians after him (Str. 7,7,2). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Zeus Son of Zeus and the Argive king's daughter Maera, helps Amphion [1] and Zethus buil…

Gyas

(108 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] [1] Companion of Aeneas Companion of  Aeneas (Verg. Aen. 1,222; 1,612; 12,460). As a skipper he took part in the regatta in honour of Anchises (Verg. Aen. 5,114f.; Hyg. Fab. 273). The patrician house of the Geganii, was, according to Servius (Aen. 5,117) descended from him, although this is probably a later fabrication. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Latin giant with a club A Latin, a giant with a club, son of Melampus, who for his part is said to have come to Italy with Hercules. He and his brother Cisseus were killed in battle by Aeneas (Verg. Aen. 10,317). Zingg, Ret…

Gerana

(98 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Γεράνα; Gerána, ‘Crane woman’), a Pygmy woman, also called Oenoe (Antoninus Liberalis 16). She scorns Hera and Artemis and was worshipped like a goddess by her peers. Hera changed her into a crane and made her into an enemy of the  Pygmies (Ath. 9,394e; Ov. Met. 6,90). Her death led to a war between Pygmies and cranes (Hom. Il. 3,3ff.; Ael. NA 15,29). Three versions of the myth have been transmitted, all going back i.a. to the ‘Ornithogony’ by Boeus [1]. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 A. Ballabriga, Le malheur des nains, in: REA 83, 1981, 57-74.

Cranaus

(134 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κραναός; Kranaós). Attic hero; also, the personification of Attica's rough and rocky ground. C. ruled during the time of the Deucalionic flood ( Deucalion). His wife was Pedias (= ‘plains’) of Lacedaemon (Marmor Parium, FGrH 239 A 4) [1]. In the myth, he has three daughters: Cranae, Cranaichme and Atthis (Apollod. 3,186). C. functions as arbitrator in the conflict between Athena and Poseidon (Apollod. 3,179). Pindar refers to Athens as Cranaaí (Pind. Ol. 13,38), Attica's inhabitants called themselves Cranaoí (Hdt. 8,44). C. is forced by  Amphictyon [1] to…

Hebe

(130 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἥβη; Hḗbē) - the name stands for ‘Youth’, personification of the beauty of youth. Cults were dedicated to her in Mantinea (Paus. 8,9,3), in Cos together with Hercules (Cornutus 31), and esp. in Argos with Hera (Paus. 2,17,5). She is better documented in mythological poetry, as the daughter of Zeus and Hera, than in cult (Hes. Theog. 922; 950-952; Apollod. 1,13). She was given to  Hercules as his wife after his death (Pind. Nem. 1,69-72). Among the gods she appears as helper (Hom. …

Itylus

(34 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἴτυλος; Ítylos). Son of  Zethus and  Aedon (Hom. Od. 19,518; Pherecydes FHG 1,95); also traditionally said to be the son of  Procne, otherwise called Itys (Cat. 65,14). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Labdacus

(115 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Λάβδακος; Lábdakos). Son of the Theban king Polydorus and Nicteis. Link in the line of descent from Cadmus, the father of Polydorus, to Laius, the father of Oedipus. He is supposed to have waged a border war against Pandion and was punished with death for scorning Dionysus (Hdt. 5,59; Eur. Phoen. 8; Apollod. 3,40; 193; Paus. 9,5,5). He neither had a cult nor a known relationship to a particular place. In popular etymology, L. was known as ‘the limper’, based on the shape of the letter la(m)bda with its one shorter leg. This is Oedipus projected onto his ancestor [1]. Zingg, Ret…

Cabye, Cambyse

(122 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καβύη, Καμβύση; Kabýē, Kambýsē). Heroine. Daughter of the Epean Opus in Elis. In order to link the Locrian royal genealogy with the Epean, Pindar has Zeus kidnap the daughter of Opus from Elis, father a son with her in Arcadia, and then bring him to the childless king  Locrus as an adoptive son (Pind. Ol. 9,57; cf. also Diod. Sic. 14,17). According to Aristotle in the Opountíōn politeía, Opus' daughter is called Cambyse (schol. Pind. Ol. 9,86 = Aristot. fr. 561 Rose). Since Plutarch, who referred to her as Cabye, also drew from Aristotle (Plut. …

Lampas

(64 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Λα[μ]πάς/ La[m]pás, ‘torch’) is documented as the name of a maenad in a vase inscription, as the name of a hetaera (Ath. 13,583e), and the name of one of the five dogs of Daphnis who perish over his grave (Ael. NA 11,13; cf. schol. Theoc. 1,65); L. can also be a person's name [1]. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 Bechtel, HPN, 604f.

Immaradus

(56 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰμμάραδος/ Immárados, Ἴσμαρος/ Ísmaros). Eleusinian, son of  Eumolpus. Either alone or alongside his father, I. leads a Thracian army against the Athenians only to be killed in this ‘Eleusinian War’ by  Erechtheus (Apollod. 3,202). The duel was represented in a bronze group by  Myron on the Acropolis of Athens (Paus. 1,5,2). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Hyrnetho

(47 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑρνηθώ; Hyrnēthṓ). Eponym of the Argive phyle Hyrnathioi; sanctuaries in Argus and Epidaurus. Daughter of  Temenus and wife of the Heraclid  Deiphontes. H. was killed by her brothers because she took her husband's side in a family quarrel (Paus. 2,28,3-7). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Hippothous

(158 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Ἱππόθοος; Hippóthoos). [German version] [1] Son of Priam Son of Priam (Hom. Il. 24,251). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Commander of the Pelasgian troops in the Trojan War Son of the Pelasgian king  Lethus, son of Teuthamus, supplies the Trojans with Pelasgian reinforcements from Larisa (Hom. Il. 2,840ff.); killed by Telamonian Ajax in the fight over Patroclus' body (Hom. Il. 17,288ff.). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Son of Aleus [1] and Neaera Son of  Aleus [1] and Neaera, killed by his nephew  Telephus, whereupon his mother kills herself (Hyg. Fab. 243). Zingg, R…

Hyrie

(84 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑρίη; Hyríē). Aetolian nymph. After her son Cycnus' leap from the cliff, she dissolves into tears with grief and becomes the lake that is named after her (Ov. Met. 7,371ff.). At Antoninus Liberalis 12 she is called (according to Nicander and Areus of Laconia) Thyria; when Cycnus, her and Apollo's son, throws himself into the Lake of Canope, she follows him; Apollo transforms both of them into swans. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography F. Bömer, P. Ovidius Naso, Metamorphosen, B. VI-VII, 1976, 292.

Corythus

(196 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κόρυθος, Kórythos). [German version] [1] Epiclesis of Apollo  Epiclesis of Apollo, see Kory(n)thos. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea  Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea (Paus. 8,45,1). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Tyrrhenian king Son of Zeus and  Electra [3], the daughter of Atlas. Tyrrhenian king. Founder of C. (or Cortona or Cora: Plin. HN 3,5,63), an Etruscan city (Sil. Pun. 4,720), which was also identified with Tarquinii [1], Lat. Corythus. The Italic version of the myth …

Crotopus

(85 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κρότωπος; Krótōpos). King of Argos (cf.  Coroebus [1]), son of Agenor, father of Sthenelas and Psamathe (Paus. 2,16,1). C.'s grave lay in Argos, where later on a temple of Dionysus was erected (Paus. 2,37,7). After killing Python, Apollo visits C. in expiation (Stat. Theb. 1,570). Psamathe bears the god a son,  Linus. C. condemns her to death when he learns of her relationship with Apollo. The latter punishes Argos with a plague (Conon, FGrH 26 F 1 19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)
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