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Iobates

(76 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοβάτης/ Iobátēs, ‘who strides along powerfully’). King of Lycia (anonymous in Hom. Il. 6,174-177), to whom Proetus sends  Bellerophontes with the ‘Uriah letter’ (Apollod. 2,30ff.; Hyg. Fab. 57; cf. Plut. Mor. 248a-d). Father of  Stheneboea and Philonoe. An homonymous tragedy by Sophocles has been transmitted in fragmentary form (TrGF IV 297-299); Euripides wrote a Stheneboea (TGF p.567). Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography T. R. Bryce, The Lycians in Literary and Epigraphic Sources I, 1986, 16-20; 209.

Gyes

(31 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Γύης; Gýēs). According to the MSS [1], probably the incorrectly written form of Gyges, one of the  Hecatoncheires. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 M. L. West, Hesiod, Theogony, 1966, 210.

Hylaeus

(51 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑλαῖος/ Hylaîos, ‘Man of the woods’).  Centaur, depicted in battle against the Lapiths (Verg. G. 2,457) on the François Vase (6th cent. BC); slain by Theseus (Serv. Aen. 8,294), Hercules (Hor. Carm. 2,12,6) or  Atalante (Apollod. 3,106; Callim. H. 3,221), whom he pursued together with Rhoeicus. Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iophossa

(45 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰοφῶσσα; Iophôssa). According to Hesiod and Acusilaus another name of  Chalciope [2]. Daughter of Aeetes of Colchis and Idyia. Sister of Medea, wife of Phrixus, the father of her four sons (schol. Apoll. Rhod. 2,1122; 2,1149; Apollod. 1,83). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Ianira

(28 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἰάνειρα; Iáneira, ‘virility’).  Nereid (Hom. Il. 18,47; Apollod. 1,12) or  Oceanid (Hes. Theog. 356), one of Persephone's playmates (H. Hom. 2,421). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Hippothous

(158 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Ἱππόθοος; Hippóthoos). [German version] [1] Son of Priam Son of Priam (Hom. Il. 24,251). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Commander of the Pelasgian troops in the Trojan War Son of the Pelasgian king  Lethus, son of Teuthamus, supplies the Trojans with Pelasgian reinforcements from Larisa (Hom. Il. 2,840ff.); killed by Telamonian Ajax in the fight over Patroclus' body (Hom. Il. 17,288ff.). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Son of Aleus [1] and Neaera Son of  Aleus [1] and Neaera, killed by his nephew  Telephus, whereupon his mother kills herself (Hyg. Fab. 243). Zingg, R…

Itylus

(34 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἴτυλος; Ítylos). Son of  Zethus and  Aedon (Hom. Od. 19,518; Pherecydes FHG 1,95); also traditionally said to be the son of  Procne, otherwise called Itys (Cat. 65,14). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Labdacus

(115 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Λάβδακος; Lábdakos). Son of the Theban king Polydorus and Nicteis. Link in the line of descent from Cadmus, the father of Polydorus, to Laius, the father of Oedipus. He is supposed to have waged a border war against Pandion and was punished with death for scorning Dionysus (Hdt. 5,59; Eur. Phoen. 8; Apollod. 3,40; 193; Paus. 9,5,5). He neither had a cult nor a known relationship to a particular place. In popular etymology, L. was known as ‘the limper’, based on the shape of the letter la(m)bda with its one shorter leg. This is Oedipus projected onto his ancestor [1]. Zingg, Ret…

Cabye, Cambyse

(122 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καβύη, Καμβύση; Kabýē, Kambýsē). Heroine. Daughter of the Epean Opus in Elis. In order to link the Locrian royal genealogy with the Epean, Pindar has Zeus kidnap the daughter of Opus from Elis, father a son with her in Arcadia, and then bring him to the childless king  Locrus as an adoptive son (Pind. Ol. 9,57; cf. also Diod. Sic. 14,17). According to Aristotle in the Opountíōn politeía, Opus' daughter is called Cambyse (schol. Pind. Ol. 9,86 = Aristot. fr. 561 Rose). Since Plutarch, who referred to her as Cabye, also drew from Aristotle (Plut. …

Lampas

(64 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Λα[μ]πάς/ La[m]pás, ‘torch’) is documented as the name of a maenad in a vase inscription, as the name of a hetaera (Ath. 13,583e), and the name of one of the five dogs of Daphnis who perish over his grave (Ael. NA 11,13; cf. schol. Theoc. 1,65); L. can also be a person's name [1]. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography 1 Bechtel, HPN, 604f.

Hyrie

(84 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ὑρίη; Hyríē). Aetolian nymph. After her son Cycnus' leap from the cliff, she dissolves into tears with grief and becomes the lake that is named after her (Ov. Met. 7,371ff.). At Antoninus Liberalis 12 she is called (according to Nicander and Areus of Laconia) Thyria; when Cycnus, her and Apollo's son, throws himself into the Lake of Canope, she follows him; Apollo transforms both of them into swans. Zingg, Reto (Basle) Bibliography F. Bömer, P. Ovidius Naso, Metamorphosen, B. VI-VII, 1976, 292.

Corythus

(196 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Κόρυθος, Kórythos). [German version] [1] Epiclesis of Apollo  Epiclesis of Apollo, see Kory(n)thos. Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea  Eponym of the Corytheís deme in Tegea (Paus. 8,45,1). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Tyrrhenian king Son of Zeus and  Electra [3], the daughter of Atlas. Tyrrhenian king. Founder of C. (or Cortona or Cora: Plin. HN 3,5,63), an Etruscan city (Sil. Pun. 4,720), which was also identified with Tarquinii [1], Lat. Corythus. The Italic version of the myth …

Crotopus

(85 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κρότωπος; Krótōpos). King of Argos (cf.  Coroebus [1]), son of Agenor, father of Sthenelas and Psamathe (Paus. 2,16,1). C.'s grave lay in Argos, where later on a temple of Dionysus was erected (Paus. 2,37,7). After killing Python, Apollo visits C. in expiation (Stat. Theb. 1,570). Psamathe bears the god a son,  Linus. C. condemns her to death when he learns of her relationship with Apollo. The latter punishes Argos with a plague (Conon, FGrH 26 F 1 19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Helicaon

(50 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Ἑλικάων; Helikáōn). Son of  Antenor [1], husband of Priam's daughter Laodice (Hom. Il. 3,123). During the conquest of Troy he was saved by Odysseus (Paus. 10,26,8). With Antenor (Verg. Aen. 1,247) and his brother Polydamas (Serv. Aen. 1,242) H. founded Patavium (Mart. 10,93). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Iapis

(69 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] Son of  Iasus and favourite of Apollo. The god wants to grant him the gift of prophecy, of playing the lyre and of accurate archery, but I. asks him for the art of healing instead so that he can save his father's life. With the help of Venus, he heals Aeneas' wounds (Verg. Aen. 12,391ff.; Serv. Aen. 12,391 (Iapyx); Macrob. Sat. 5,15,12). Zingg, Reto (Basle)

Leucus

(123 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] [1] Companion of Odysseus (Λεῦκος; Leûkos). Companion of Odysseus, killed by Antiphus, son of Priamus (Hom. Il. 4,491). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Son of Talus, the steadfast guard of Crete (Λεῦκος; Leûkos). Son of Talos, steadfast guard of Crete. Idomeneus [1] is L.'s foster father. When he joins the Trojan campaign, he entrusts L. with his house and rulership. L. lets Nauplius entice him to seduce Meda, Idomeneus' wife. Then he kills her along with his bride Cleisithera and Idomeneus' two sons I…

Crocon

(121 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Κρόκων). Mythical king who ruled in the border area of Eleusis and Athens (Paus. 1,38,2). He was married to Saisara, a daughter of  Celeus. According to the Eleusian myth he was a son of  Triptolemus. Triptolemus was usually considered a son of Celeus and Metaneira (cf. Apollod. 3,102). The eponymous hero was accepted into the sacred Eleusian family. The name C. is derived from the cultic action of the κροκοῦν/ krokoûn, laying of wool threads into the right hand and on the left foot of the mystes. The family of the Croconides built a sanctuary of  Hestia in the 4t…

Korythale

(116 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (κορυθάλη, κορυθαλίς; korythálē, korythalís, ‘leafy twig’ [1]). Doric variant type of the Eiresione (Hsch. s.v. Κορυθαλία). Korythale is a fertility twig from the olive tree or laurel (Plut. Theseus 18), a harvest fetish or fertility fetish [2], which was placed in front of the door at ephebic festivals and weddings (EM 531,53). At the festival of Tithenidia (= ‘wet-nurse festival’), which was celebrated with obscene dances performed by disguised actors [3], the korythale was presented to the goddess of fertility and wet-nurses, Artemis Korythalia (Hs…

Calyce

(181 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
(Καλύκη; Kalýkē = ‘Bud’, ‘Rose blossom’). [German version] [1] Daughter of Aiolos [1] and Enarete Daughter of the Thessalian king  Aeolus [1] and Enarete; she had seven brothers and four sisters and is the mother of  Endymion by Aethlius or Zeus (Apollod. 1,50; 56; Hes. fr. 10a M-W). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [2] Mistress of Poseidon Daughter of Hecaton, mother of  Cycnus by Poseidon (Hyg. Fab. 157; cf. schol. Pind. Ol. 2.91 where she is called Kalykía). Zingg, Reto (Basle) [German version] [3] Woman whose love is unrequited A woman whose love is unrequited;she prays to A…

Caliadne

(21 words)

Author(s): Zingg, Reto (Basle)
[German version] (Καλιάδνη, Καλιάνδη; Kaliádnē, Kaliándē). Naiad, mother of twelve sons fathered by Aegyptus (Apollod. 2.19). Zingg, Reto (Basle)
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