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Vitae Prophetarum

(328 words)

Author(s): Schwemer, Anna Maria
[English Version] (VitProph), jüd. Schrift mit Kurzbiogr. über die atl. Propheten im Stil hell. Vitensammlungen, wurde in griech. Sprache im 1.Jh. n.Chr. in Palästina vf. und enthält z.T. wesentlich ältere Traditionen. Nur durch christl. Überlieferung mit Interpolationen erhalten, hielt man sie oft für christl. und spät. In ihrem urspr. Umfang gibt sie für 23 Propheten an, »woher sie stammen… wo sie starben und wie, und wo sie begraben liegen«, und erzählt mehr oder weniger ausführlich von deren W…

Lives of the Prophets

(403 words)

Author(s): Schwemer, Anna Maria
[German Version] The Lives of the Prophets ( Vitae Prophetarum) is a Jewish work containing short biographical sketches of the OT prophets in the style of Hellenistic Vitae; it was written in Greek in Palestine during the 1st century ce, but some of the traditions it records are substantially earlier. Surviving only in Christian tradition with interpolations, it has often been considered a Christian document and assigned a late date. In its original form, it records for 23 prophets “where they came from,… where and how they died, and…

Tarsus

(526 words)

Author(s): Zangenberg, Jürgen | Schwemer, Anna Maria
[German Version] I. Archaeology Tarsus (Ταρσοί, Xenophon, Anabasis I 2,23; ἡ Ταρσός, Arrian, Anabasis II 4.5), city west of the Cilician Gates (Cilicia; for location see Asia Minor, map). Thanks to its situation on the navigable lower reaches of the Cydnus and at the crossroads of the routes between Antioch and the Aegean and from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea, Tarsus had always served as a bridge between East and West. The finds of Goldman, especially pottery from the 1st millennium bce, for which there had long been no comparative material, are presently being evaluate…

Tarsus

(422 words)

Author(s): Zangenberg, Jürgen | Schwemer, Anna Maria
[English Version] I. Archäologisch T. (Ταρσοι´, Xenophon, Anabasis, I 2,23; η῾ Ταρσο´ς, Arrian, Anabasis, II 4,5), Stadt westlich der Kilikischen Pforte (Kilikien; zur Lage s. Kleinasien, Karte). Dank der Lage am schiffbaren Unterlauf des Kydnos und an der Kreuzung der Straßen zw. Antiochien an die Ägäis und vom Mittelmeer ans Schwarze Meer besaß T. seit jeher Brückenfunktion zw. Orient und Okzident. Die für die Beziehungen des Ost-Mittelmeerraumes mit der Ägäis wichtigen Funde von Goldman, bes. die Kera…

Saints/Veneration of the Saints

(4,185 words)

Author(s): Bergunder, Michael | Köpf, Ulrich | Müller, Gerhard Ludwig | Ivanov, Vladimir | Barth, Hans-Martin | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies In comparative religious studies, veneration of saints generally refers to the posthumous cultic veneration of a holy person more or less identifiable as a historical individual; it is centered at the place that preserves the saint’s mortal remains, thought to have miraculous powers. Occasionally veneration of living individuals is subsumed under the same category, but this extension results in a dubious diminution of terminological precision, since to this day no one …