Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Hermonax

(1,151 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermonax | Ἑρμῶναξ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 1st c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Hermonax was the author of a collection of Cretan Glosses; Athenaeus1 preserves four certain fragments from this work, and these involve the Cretan names for a variety of figs (3, 76e), quinces (3, 81f), and a category of slaves (6, 267c), as well as a …

Asclepiades [6]

(713 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 30/03/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [6] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Two fragments about Thucydides’1 work are attributed to an Asclepiades who is distinguished from the other men bearing the same name: one fragment concerns the division of the historian’s work into ἱστορίαι (Marcel. V. Thuc. 58), and the second one registers a no…

Timolaus

(1,369 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timolaus | Τιμόλαος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Larissa Date: 4th / 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (τ 626), Timolaus was a rhetorician and a student of Anaximenes of Lampsacus2; this fact allows us to date his career to the end of the 4th or between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. His birthplace is named by the Suda as Larissa “ἐκ Μακ…

Agallis

(2,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agallis | Ἀγαλλίς Identity: Place of Origin: Corcyra Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Agallis’ gender and the form of her name are known for certain from Athenaeus1 (1, 14d: Ἀγαλλὶς ἡ Κερκυραία), who allows us to recognize the Ἀναγαλλίς of the Suda2 (which is completely dependent on Athenaeus) as a corrupt reading and the Ἀγαλλίας ὁ Κερκυραῖος …

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Asclepiades [6]

(649 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 30/03/2009. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Asclepiades [6] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: A un Asclepiade distinto dagli altri omonimi vengono ricondotti due frammenti relativi all’opera tucididea: uno riguarda la suddivisione in ἱστορίαι del lavoro dello storico (Marcel. V. Thuc. 58) e un secondo registra una nota sulla superfluità del prefisso ἐπί nella parola ἐπιδημιουργοί ( Sch. Thuc. 1, 56, 2)…

Menecrates [2]

(2,122 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [2] | Μενεκράτης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Strabo1 (14, 1, 48) mentions that a Menecrates from Nysa was a student of Aristarchus2 and the father of Aristodemus3 whom the young Strabo heard when he was an elderly man: from this information we can date Menecrates to the 2nd c. BCE. Some note…

Antyllus

(2,003 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2013 - 17/07/2013. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Antyllus | Ἄντυλλος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Personaggio di epoca non determinabile e qualificato come retore dalla Suda (α 2770, s.v. Ἄντυλλος), Antillo ci è noto per essersi occupato di Tucidide. Egli è infatti citato quattro volte negli scolî a Tucidide e tre nella Vita di Tucidide di Marcellino Quest’ultimo ne parla come una fonte d…

Dionysius [7]

(349 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 24/06/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [7] | Διονύσιος Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: This Dionysius is known from only a single citation in Diogenes Laertius1 (9, 15), who mentions him among those who “have interpreted” the treatise of Heraclitus of Ephesus2. The other commentators on Heraclitus who are named together with this Dionysius are …

Leogoras (Leagoras)

(1,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leogoras (Leagoras) | Λεωγόρας (Λεαγόρας) Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Syracuse Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native son of Syracuse, the grammarian Leogoras is known thanks to two Latin testimonia related to the use of the diple diacritical sign in the text of Homer1. His name varies in the sources between the forms Leogora…

Parthenius

(1,970 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on (10/02/2004) – 04/07/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parthenius | Παρθένιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1°/2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Parthenius was first distinguished from the poet Parthenius of Nicaea1 by A. Meineke ( Analecta Alexandrina sive commentationes de Euphorione Chalcidensi, Rhiano Cretensi, Alexandro Aetolo, Parthenio Nicaeno, B…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…

Hermias

(539 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 17/03/2008 – 12/03/2010. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Hermias | Ἑρμείας Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2°–1° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il grammatico Ermia è conosciuto per una sola citazione, in uno scolio di Erodiano a Il. 16, 207, dove si attesta la sua adesione alla corrente cratetea (Κρατήτ⟨ε⟩ιος). Tale dato può suggerirne una collocazione cronologica tra 2° e 1° secolo. La sua lettura di Il. 16, 207 (ταῦτά μ’ ἀγειρόμενοι θάμ’ ἐβάζετ…

Anicetus

(562 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 25/06/2007. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Anicetus | Ἀνίκητος Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ante 2°-3° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Un personaggio di nome Aniceto è citato da Ateneo (11, 783c) per una spiegazione dell’aggettivo ἀμφικύπελλος fondata su una corrispondenza tra i nomi κύπελλον e φιάλη da una parte e gli aggettivi ἀμφικύπελλος e ὑπερφίαλος dall’altra: equivalendo a ὑπερφίαλος, ἀμφικύπελλος indicherebbe una cosa splen…

Pollux

(520 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/01/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pollux | Πολυδεύκης Place of Origin: Parium Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Pollux is a grammarian known only through one certain attestation in a passage of Athenaeus1 (11, 784d), which identifies the city of Parium as Pollux’s home and preserves his definition of the term βῖκος as a “container in the form of a φιάλη” (φιαλῶδες). Wendel ( Polydeukes […

Crates [1]

(31,042 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identità: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Luogo di provenienza: Mallo Data: 2° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Secondo la Suda (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Cratete era originario di Mallo (Cilicia) e “fu contemporaneo di Aristarco (di Samotracia) al tempo di Tolemeo (VI) Filometore”, che regnò sull’Egitto dal 180 al 145 a.C. La cronologia t…

Eustathius

(2,352 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 19/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eustathius | Εὐστάθιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th/5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Initially identified with the archbishop of Thessalonica1 (Fuhr, Zwei Hermogeneskommentartoren, «RhM» 51 (1896), pp. 45-51, esp. p. 48), the rhetor Eustathius actually belonged to a much earlier age (to the 5th c. CE according to L. Schilling, Quae…

Pythocles

(723 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pythocles | Πυθοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know little about this grammarian; our sole source for his existence is a reference in the scholia on the Iliad, where there are no details useful for establishing his date or his cultural context (cf. Erbse 1969-1988, 5, p. 128, ad loc.: “grammaticus aliund…

Aristeas

(1,623 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/06/2007 - 25/07/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristeas | Ἀριστέας Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Alexandrine age (1st c. BCE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: We can recover the native land of Aristeas of Rhodes from a passage of Erotianus1 that lists grammarians who composed lexicographical works on Hippocrates2 (p. 5, 16-18 Nachmanson); it names two figures who were born in Rhod…

Artemon [4]

(1,083 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 11/10/2010. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Artemon [4] | Ἀρτέμων Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Un personaggio di nome Artemone è citato come autore di una raccolta di epistole di Aristotele, da Demetrio ( De eloc. 223), dai commentatori Elia ( In cat. 113, 14-16) ed Olimpiodoro ( Prol. 6, 11-13), nonché nella lista di opere aristoteliche compilata da un filosofo di nome Tolemeo e conservata in due ver…
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