Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Alexion Cholus

(10,168 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/01/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexion Cholus | Ἀλεξίων ὁ χωλός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: Second half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexion, nicknamed ὁ χωλός "the Lame" ( Sch. Il. 21, 282e. 21, 331e), engaged in Homeric1 exegesis: the Homeric scholia that can be traced back to Herodianus2 and the Etymologica3 show his interest in etymological and gramm…

Eubulus

(601 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 02/04/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Eubulus | Εὔβουλος Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Un personaggio di nome Eubulo, forse un grammatico altrimenti ignoto (Erbse 1969–1988, 5, p. 304, test. ad loc.; 6, p. 50, Index 1), è citato in Sch. ex. (?) Il. 22, 162a, per una nota sulla similitudine in cui Ettore e Achille in corsa sono paragonati a cavalli usi alla vittoria che galoppano velocemente “intorno alle mete” (περὶ τέρματα)…

Posidonius [1]

(2,647 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 16/11/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Posidonius [1] | Ποσειδώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Known from a few surviving fragments, the grammarian Posidonius was an ἀναγνώστης of Aristarchus1, as we know from the scholia to the Iliad2 and Eustathius3, who drew on them ( Sch. Il. 6, 511a. 17, 75a, cf. Eustath. ad Il. 659, 15–18. 1096, 12–15). Thi…

Neoteles

(1,875 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 29/06/2007. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Neoteles | Νεοτέλης Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: La cronologia di Neotele è incerta, poiché fondata sull’ipotesi che egli fosse un discepolo di Aristarco (<=), elaborata da Blau ( Aristarch. discip., 1883, p. 77) sulla base della sua menzione accanto a due sicuri allievi dell’Alessandrino, Apollodoro (=> Apollodorus [1]) e D…

Euripides

(1,520 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 20/02/2006. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Euripides | Εὐριπίδης Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 5°–4° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Figura dai contorni incerti, questo Euripide fu, secondo la Suda (ε 3694), nipote di un altro Euripide, più anziano del noto tragediografo ( Sud. ε 3693; cfr. Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, 1: Didascaliae tragicae, catalogi tragicorum et tragoediarum, testimonia et fragmenta trag…

Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius

(3,697 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ἀμμώνιος Ἀμμωνίου γραμματικὸς ἐσημειωσάμην: so reads the note found between columns 10 and 11 of POxy. 221 (Pack2 1205 [XII Erbse]; now Pap. Mus. Brit. 1184 = Pap. Lond. 178), a commentary on Book 21 of the Iliad1. The meaning of this …

Eustathius

(2,334 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 19/12/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Eustathius | Εὐστάθιος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 4°/5° sec. d.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Inizialmente identificato con l’arcivescovo di Tessalonica (Fuhr, Zwei Hermogeneskommentartoren, «RhM» 51 (1896), pp. 45–51, p. 48), il retore Eustazio va in realtà datato a un’epoca molto anteriore (al 5° sec. secondo L. Schilling, Quaestiones rhetoricae selectae, «JKPh» Suppl. 28 (…

Theaetetus

(2,120 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/09/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theaetetus | Θεαίτητος Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c./6th c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Theaetetus is cited four times in the scholia to the first Idyll1 of Theocritus2 for remarks that involved problems of prosody3 (παίδιον as proparoxytone, Sch. Theocr. 1, 50b; the Doric4 accentuation of accusatives like πτώκας, Sch. 1, 11…

Sosigenes

(1,039 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/04/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosigenes | Σωσιγένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Sosigenes is a grammarian known to us from four attestations in the scholia on the Iliad1, where he is cited for his Homeric2 ἔκδοσις (ἡ Σωσιγένους [ sc. ἔκδοσις]). His date remains uncertain (J. La Roche, Die Homerische Textkritik im Altherthum, Leipzig 1866 (repr. Hildeshe…

Polyclitus

(998 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Polyclitus | Πολύκλειτος Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ante 3° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico noto grazie a una sola attestazione, nelle Quaestiones Homericae di Porfirio (pp. 42, 17-43, 25 Sodano), dove il suo nome è restituzione congetturale di un testo variamente corrotto (πολύκλυτ/π̣ο̣λ̣υ̣κλυτ/πολύκλυτος). Per Wendel (1952, 1707) si trattava di una figura “unbekannter Z…

Apollonius [4]

(1,242 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2021. Grammatico: Nome: Apollonius [4] | Ἀπολλώνιος Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: post 1° sec. a.C. (?) ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: L’esistenza di un grammatico di nome Apollonio distinto dagli omonimi noti è stata ipotizzata da Latte 1925, pp. 155-156 n. 40 (= 1968, p. 647 n. 49) in relazione ad alcune spiegazioni glossografiche attribuite da fonti scoliastiche a un autore di questo nome e accomunate dall’applicazione di un metodo etimologico basato su uno sviluppato sistema di πά…

Diogenes [3]

(1,243 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 28/06/2014. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Diogenes [3] | Διογένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Diogenes is a grammarian known only from two fragments, both of them preserved by scholia on the Iliad1 that can be traced back to Didymus2, who thus represents the terminus ante quem. Both fragments refer to his hypomnemata3; one concerns an exegetica…

Tauriscus

(878 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 17/03/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tauriscus | Ταυρίσκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A direct student of Crates of Mallos1, Tauriscus is known from only one attestation in Sextus Empiricus2 ( Adv. math. 1, 248-249), according to whom he maintained the subdivision of philological work (ἡ κριτική) into three parts: 1) λογικόν, grammar in t…

Theaetetus

(2,050 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 12/09/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Theaetetus | Θεαίτητος Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2° sec. / 6° sec. d.C. (?) ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Un grammatico di nome Teeteto è citato quattro volte negli scolî al primo Idillio di Teocrito, per interventi che riguardano problemi prosodici (παίδιον proparossitono, Sch. Theocr. 1, 50b; accentazione dorica degli accusativi come πτώκας, Sch. 1, 110a. c), etimologici (derivazione del no…

Dionysius [8]

(649 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [8] | Διονύσιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A D scholion on the Iliad (2, 308) mentions a Dionysius as the author of Ἄπορα ( Problems) in at least five books. The title of the work allows us to place it in the tradition of zetematic works, that dealt with unclear a…

Sophocleus (Sophocles)

(2,229 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 03/01/2007 – 20/09/2013. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Sophocleus (Sophocles) | Σοφόκλειος (Σοφοκλῆς) Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2° sec. d.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: L’erudito Sofocleo (questa la forma del nome ritenuta corretta [C. Wendel, Die Überlieferung der Scholia zu Apollonios von Rhodos, ‘Abhandlungen der Gesellschaft der wissenschaften zu Göttingen. Philologisch-historische klasse’ 3, 1, Ber…

Sosibius [1]

(722 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [1] | Σωσίβιος ὁ λυτικός Place of Origin: ? Date: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: According to Athenaeus1 (11, 493c-494b), the grammarian2 Sosibius lived at the court of Ptolemy II Philadelphus3 (285-246 BCE) and was a skilled solver of Homeric4 προβλήματα (hence his nickname ὁ λυτικός). The hypothesis that he should be id…

Antyllus

(2,071 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 04/04/2013 - 17/07/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antyllus | Ἄντυλλος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The time period of Antyllus is unknown. The Suda1 (α 2770, s.v.Ἄντυλλος) identifies him as a rhetorician, and we know of him from his work on Thucydides2: Antyllus is cited four times in the scholia to Thucydides and three times in Marcellinus’3 Life of Th…

Lesbonax

(4,108 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lesbonax | Λεσβῶναξ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Lesbonax is a grammarian of unknown date who is credited with a grammatical work entitled Περὶ σχημάτων. This work has survived through a direct manuscript tradition with many exemplars, according to two principal versions, A and B, the second of which has unde…

Sophocleus (Sophocles)

(2,379 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 03/01/2007 – 20/09/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sophocleus (Sophocles) | Σοφόκλειος (Σοφοκλῆς) Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The scholar Sophocleus (this is the form of the name that is considered correct [C. Wendel, Die Überlieferung der Scholia zu Apollonios von Rhodos, ‘Abhandlungen der Gesellschaft der wissenschaften zu Gött…
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