Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Archibius [1]

(253 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 02/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archibius [1] | Ἀρχίβιος Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Identifying Archibius with the son of Apollonius Sophista1 would place the former in the 2nd c. CE, but such a situation remains purely hypothetical: cf. F. Montanari, Apollonios [n. 12] Sophistes, N.P. 2 [1996], 884. Cohn seems to favor the identifi…

Alexander [7] Polyhistor

(34,482 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [7] Polyhistor | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Πολυίστωρ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Miletus Date: ca. 110 BCE - post 40 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Alexander Polyhistor was born around 110 BCE in Miletus. The Suda1 (α 1129) identifies him as a γραμματικὸς τῶν Κράτητος μαθητῶν, obviously not because he was a direct disciple of Crates2 - whi…

Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus

(4,659 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, the son of Ammonius, was a student of Aristarchus1 and his successor as head of his school (Didymean scholion to Il. 10, 397-399a: ... Ἀμμωνίῳ τῷ διαδεξαμένῳ τὴν σχολήν). He engaged in Homeric2 exegesis…

Apollodorus [3]

(2,773 words)

Author(s): Carlesimo, Roberta
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Roberta Carlesimo è stata pubblicata il 01/05/2023. Grammatico: Nome: Apollodorus [3] | Ἀπολλόδωρος ὁ Κυρηναῖος Identità: Pauly-Wissowa Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: ante 1o sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Non sappiamo nulla della vita di Apollodoro, se non che fu originario di Cirene; per quanto riguarda la cronologia, egli dovette essere attivo prima del 1° sec. d.C., dal momento che è menzionato da Panfilo (LGGA, Pamphilus [1]) in Ath. 11, 487b come fonte circa una coppa di origine pafia chiamata μαστός. …

Sal(l)ustius [2]

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sal(l)ustius [2] | Σαλούστιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Sal(l)ustius was a sophist and grammarian, and according to the Suda1, he was also the author of commentaries on authors including Demosthenes2 and Herodotus3. It is difficult to maintain Cumont’s proposal to identify him with Sallustius of D…

Genethlius

(1,903 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Genethlius | Γενέθλιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Petra Date: second half of the 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The meagre biographical information that we have about the rhetorician Genethlius comes solely from the Suda1 lexicon (γ 132). He was the son of a man also named Genethlius and a native of the Palestinian cit…

Glaucon [1]

(1,984 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucon [1] | Γλαύκων Place of Origin: Tarsus Date: 3rd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucon is difficult to identify. He is cited in Sch. Il. 1, 1c (1, p. 4 Erbse) for the oxytonic accentuation of μῆνις, here supposed to be a mistake according to another trend of the ancient doctrine of accentuation (cf. Sch. C Dion. Thr. 169, 12 Hilg.1 πρῶτ…

Hermippus [2]

(2,785 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 12/07/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Hermippus [2] | Ἕρμιππος Identità: BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Berito Data: età adrianea ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Di origine servile, nativo di un villaggio nell’interno della Fenicia che condivideva con il noto centro portuale il nome di Berito (cfr. la precisazione del lessico Suda, ε 3045, s.v. Ἕρμιππος), Ermippo fu allievo di Erennio Filone da Byblos (cfr. FGrHist n. 1060); pr…

Valerius [5] Theon

(782 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2022. Grammatico: Nome: Valerius [5] Theon | Οὐαλέριος Θέων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il sofista Valerio Teone, di datazione e provenienza ignote, fu autore secondo la Suda (θ 207) di uno ὑπόμνημα εἰς Ἀνδοκίδην. Feraboli (1995, p. 272) ipotizza che tracce di questo commento possano individuarsi negli argumenta alle orazioni 3 e 4 e in alcune glosse esegetiche penetrate nel testo di Andocide ed espun…

Philippus [1]

(7,423 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 26/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philippus [1] | Φίλιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Opus Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Very little is known about the life of Philip of Opus (for an attempt to reconstruct it cf. Oldfather, Lokrika, p. 462). The essential information has been preserved by Diogenes Laertius1 (3, 37. 3, 46) and by the Suda lexicon2 (φ 418…

Attalus [2]

(1,405 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and first published on 31/10/2017. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Attalus [2] | Ἄτταλος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Attalus is a grammarian of unknown origin and date; Maass (1888, p. XXV, and 1898, p. XIII n. 4) reasonably distinguishes him from the more famous Attalus of Rhodes1. Our Attalus was probably the author of a commentary on the Iliad2, in which he treated problems of a…

Eumenes

(757 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Serena Perrone è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Eumenes Luogo di provenienza: Aspendo Data: 3° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Eumene di Aspendo si trova citato nel catalogo degli accademici di Filodemo ( Acad. Hist. p. 150, 9-10 Dorandi = P.Herc. 1021 col. S 32-33) come autore di un’opera περὶ κωμῳδίας. Da P.Herc. 1021, nostra unica fonte, per altro lacunosa, su Eumene, sembra di poter desumere che il suo maestro fu Crantore di…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,381 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Alessandria Data: 3°-2° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Sulla cronologia di Apollonio e la sua città di provenienza alcune informazioni sono contenute in POxy. 10. 1241. Nell’ambito di una crestomazia di argomento storico e mitologico, questo documento fornisce un elen…

Iason

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Matijašić, Ivan
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Ivan Matijašić and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iason | Ἰάσων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Iason of Argos is scarce, confused, and contradictory. The starting point is necessarily the lemma of the Suda1 dedicated to him ( Sud.ι 53): there he is called a historian2 contemporaneous with, but yo…

Sosibius [2] Lacon

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [2] Lacon | Σωσίβιος ὁ Λάκων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The date of Sosibius can be determined only approximately because his Χρόνων ἀναγραφή certainly presupposes knowledge of Timaeus of Tauromenium’s1 Ὀλυμπιονῖκαι (Timaeus died in 264 BCE, but the composit…

Leptines

(1,792 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leptines | Λεπτίνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Identified, probably wrongly, by Boeckh (1819, p. 248) as the Leptines cited in the catalogue of the writings of Chrysippus1, this grammarian2 is mentioned in a scholion to Pindar3 ( O. 10, 55b) together with Aristodemus of Elis4 and a Diony…

Lupercus

(4,987 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Giuseppe Ucciardello è stata pubblicata il 18/11/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Lupercus | Λούπερκος Identità: BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Berito Data: 3° sec. d. C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Luperco, grammatico originario di Berito, nacque o, più probabilmente, fiorì secondo la Suda (λ 691) poco prima del breve regno dell’imperatore Claudio II (268/270 d.C.; su γεγονώς indicante l’ acmè nelle voci bio-bibliografiche del lessico Suda cfr. E. Rohde, γέγονε in den Biograp…

Nicander [2]

(6,526 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Mario Regali è stata pubblicata il 14/12/2007. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Nicander [2] | Νίκανδρος Identità: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Claro (Colofone) Data: 2° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: La cronologia di Nicandro è incerta, perché le testimonianze biografiche oscillano fra i regni di Tolemeo V Epifane (204–181), secondo la prima e la quarta Vita Arati (risp. pp. 8, 25–9, 5 e p. 20, 10–16), e di Attalo III (138–133), secondo la Vita Nicandri (p. 33, 13–15) e la S…

Diogenes [3]

(1,113 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 28/06/2014. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Diogenes [3] | Διογένης Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ante 1° sec. a.C.–1° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico di cui si conoscono due soli frammenti, entrambi tramandati da scolî all’ Iliade riconducibili a Didimo, che rappresenta dunque il terminus ante quem. Nei due casi, si fa riferimento a suoi hypomnemata, dai quali si ricavano rispettivamente un intervento esegetico e una …

Dorotheus

(1,575 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 02/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dorotheus | Δωρόθεος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ascalon Date: early Imperial age ↓ To Source List Biography: Dorotheus is mentioned as the author of a lexicon of Attic words entitled Λέξεων συναγωγὴ, Ἀττικὴ λέξις, or λέξεις Ἀττικαί; he reportedly dedicated a specific discussion to the Homeric1 use of the term κλίσιον (Porph. ad Od. 24, 208; S…
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