Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Palaephatus

(17,889 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 7/02/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Palaephatus | Παλαίφατος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Parion or Abydus? Date: 4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 lexicon lists four people under the name of Palaephatus. After the legendary Athenian epic poet2 who was the author of mythological poems (cf. Sud.π 69), there are three other authors behind whom lies only on…

Herminus

(8,414 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Herminus | Ἑρμῖνος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Pergamum? Date: 2nd c. CE (120–180/190 CE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The information that we have about the life of Herminus, an exegete of Aristotle’s1 works, who is mentioned among the teachers of Alexander of Aphrodisias2, is quite meager. Zeller (E. Zeller, Die Philosophie der Grieche…

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Artemon [4]

(1,127 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 11/10/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [4] | Ἀρτέμων Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A person with the name Artemon is cited as author of a collection of Aristotle1’s letters by Demetrius2 ( De eloc. 223), by the commentators Elias3 ( In cat. 113, 14-16) and Olympiodorus4 ( Prol. 6, 11-13), as well as in the list of Aristotelian works compiled by a philosopher …

Ptolemaeus [9] Platonicus

(4,519 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [9] Platonicus | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πλατωνικός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd-3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A Platonic philosopher named Ptolemy is mentioned in two texts of the Neoplatonist tradition: in a fragment within the On the Soul of Iamblichus1 (26, p. 54, 1–14 Finamore-Dillon) which is preserved by Stob…

Hippias [2]

(2,504 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Marco Ercoles è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Hippias [2] | Ἱππίας Luogo di provenienza: Taso Data: 5°-4° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Quasi nulla è noto di questo studioso, a parte il luogo di origine (Taso); per quanto concerne la cronologia, l’unico elemento utile è il terminus ante quem costituito dalla menzione da parte di Aristotele ( Poet. 25, 1461a21-23). Della stessa esistenza storica di questo oscuro omonimo del noto sof…

Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus

(8,200 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: first half of the 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, son of Hermias1, was born in Alexandria and was a crucial figure of 6th c. CE Neo-Platonism: he attended the lectures of Proclus2 at Athens, and then he served as director of the Academy of Alexan…

Chamaeleon

(13,085 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Heraclea of Pontus, Chamaeleon was, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatos. We should identify with this figure the Chamaeleon who, as is reported by Photius2 in an extract from the historian Memnon…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Porphyrius

(8,945 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: 232/4 CE–ca. 304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 2098. 2099) or Batanea, in modern day Syria, Porphyry was called Malchus at birth – from the Semitic root meaning "king" – in honor of his father; t…

Nicocles [2] Lacon

(2,220 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicocles [2] Lacon | Νικοκλῆς ὁ Λάκων Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know Nicocles Lacon only because he is cited twice by Didymus Chalcenterus1, who thus serves as a chronological terminus post quem non for him. In two passages of the Deipnosophistae2 (4, 17, 140d. 18, 141a), Athenaeus3 includes some criti…

Callias

(2,555 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 3/10/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callias | Καλλίας Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Mytilene Date: 3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We do not know the date of Callias of Mytilene (ὁ Μυτιληναῖος in Ath. 3, 85f and P.Köln 2, 61). Athenaeus1 cites him in conjunction with Aristophanes of Byzantium2: some have wanted to see this connection as an indication of chro…

Theodorus [4] Panages

(962 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodorus [4] Panages | Θεόδωρος ὁ παναγής Identity: BNJ Place of Origin: Athens (?) Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian1 perhaps of Athenian origin and nicknamed ὁ παναγής, this Theodorus was identified by Jacoby (1923–1958, 3b ( Kommentar), p. 112 and n. 3, ( Noten), p. 80 [BrillOnline]), following Susemihl (1892, p. 188) with the Theodorus…

Aristoxenus Tarentinus

(34,102 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 26/06/2006 – 21/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristoxenus Tarentinus | Ἀριστόξενος ὁ Ταραντῖνος Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Tarentum Date: 370/365 BCE-? Biography: Aristoxenus, Ἀριστόξενος ὁ μουσικός, was born in Tarentum, the son of Spintharus1 (or Mnesias, which recent critics have identified as an abbreviated name derived from the verb μιμνήσκω …

Polyclitus

(1,189 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polyclitus | Πολύκλειτος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Polyclitus is known to us from only one source, the Quaestiones Homericae of Porphyry2 (pp. 42, 17-43, 25 Sodano), where his name has been conjecturally restored from a variously corrupt text (πολύκλυτ/π̣ο̣λ̣υ̣κλυτ/πολύκλυ…

Adrastus

(6,766 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Adrastus | Ἄδραστος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Aphrodisias Date: first half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Adrastus was a Peripatetic philosopher1 and native of Aphrodisias in Caria who lived in the 2nd c. CE: the mention of Adrastus by Galen2 (ca. 130-ca. 200 CE) constitutes a terminus ante quem useful for dating the act…

Nicanor [2]

(2,137 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 26/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [2] | Νικάνωρ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: Hellenistic Age? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identification of this grammarian, who was a native of Cyrene according to Athenaeus1 (7, 296d), with the Alexandrian Nicanor son of Hermias2 was maintained in the past by Vossius ( Hist. Gr., 16512, p. 263) and Gräfenhan ( Klass. Philol., 1…

Apellicon

(5,028 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apellicon | Ἀπελλικῶν Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Teos Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE († 86 BCE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Apellicon was, according to Strabo1 (13, 1, 54), a rich collector of books and a native of Teos (different attested variants for his name are gathered by Dziatzko 1894, 2693: Ἀπελλικῶν/Ἀπελλικῶντος, Ἀπελλίκων/Ἀπελλίκων…

Callistratus

(12,876 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/11/2007 – 20/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callistratus | Καλλίστρατος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callistratus’ birthplace is unknown. The Sch. Aristoph. Thesm. 917 (⟨οὐκ⟩ ἀνάξιος δὲ ἂν εἴη ὁ Καλλίστρατος πιστεύεσθαι ὡς ἂν παρὰ διδασκάλου τοῦ Ἀριστοφάνους λέγων) and the testimony of Athenaeus1, who in two places desc…

Thoas

(722 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Thoas | Θόας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ithaca Date: ante 4th/3rd-2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Thoas is mentioned by Erotianus1 (73, 14), the sole source that speaks of him, with regard to the term πικέριον, a word of Phrygian2 origin that Hippocrates3 uses. The lexicographer4, forced to explain this term, notes that Thoas of Itha…
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