Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Valerius [3] Harpocration

(1,839 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 23/09/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [3] Harpocration | Ἁρποκρατίων ὁ Οὐαλέριος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The brief biographical entry in the Suda1 lexicon (α 4014) does not go further than describing Valerius Harpocration as an Alexandrian rhetorician and mentioning the title of two …

Sosibius [1]

(722 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [1] | Σωσίβιος ὁ λυτικός Place of Origin: ? Date: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: According to Athenaeus1 (11, 493c-494b), the grammarian2 Sosibius lived at the court of Ptolemy II Philadelphus3 (285-246 BCE) and was a skilled solver of Homeric4 προβλήματα (hence his nickname ὁ λυτικός). The hypothesis that he should be id…

Aelius [3] Serenus

(2,872 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aelius [3] Serenus | Αἴλιος Σερῆνος Identity: FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Athens Date: First half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aelius Serenus was an Athenian grammarian (and philosopher? cf. Phot. Bibl. cod. 167, 114a 14-114b 27) who lived around the first half of the 2nd c. CE. The Suda1 (σ 249) attributes to him two epitomes of learne…

Antyllus

(2,071 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 04/04/2013 - 17/07/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antyllus | Ἄντυλλος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The time period of Antyllus is unknown. The Suda1 (α 2770, s.v.Ἄντυλλος) identifies him as a rhetorician, and we know of him from his work on Thucydides2: Antyllus is cited four times in the scholia to Thucydides and three times in Marcellinus’3 Life of Th…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Euphorion

(4,594 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphorion | Εὐφορίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 275/268 BCE-? ↓ To Source List Biography: Euphorion was a versatile author who was born at Chalcis ca. 275-268 BCE. According to the Suda1 he studied poetry2 with Archebulus of Thera3 and philosophy4 with Lacydes of Cyrene5 (head of the Academy6 after 241/40 BCE) and Pryt…

Aspasius

(8,922 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 08/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aspasius | Ἀσπάσιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2° sec. d.C.? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no precise information about when Aspasius lived: his dating to the 2nd c. CE is based solely on the information in his works, like the citation from the Neoplatonist1 Eudorus2 (second half of the 1st c. CE) with regard to some …

Apollonides

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonides | Ἀπολλωνίδης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A contemporary of the emperor Tiberius1, to whom he dedicated a commentary on the Silloi of Timon of Phlius2 (Diog. L. 9, 109), Apollonius of Nicaea was the author of philological works3 on various subjects. Stephanus of Byzant…

Zoilus [1]

(3,913 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on . Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zoilus [1] | Ζωίλος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Amphipolis Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The majority of the sources name Amphipolis as Zoilus’ birthplace. The Suda1 (ζ 130, 6-7) also attributes to Zoilus a work entitled Περὶ Ἀμφιπόλεως (cf. H. Gärtner, Zoilos [n. 14], RE suppl. 15 [1978], 1532). The tradition, wholly a minority one (f…

Valerius [2] Diodorus

(3,998 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 21/03/2006 – 29/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Valerius [2] Diodorus | Διόδωρος ὁ Οὐαλέριος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Valerius Diodorus was a grammarian born in Alexandria and the son of the lexicographer Valerius Pollio1; he was the author, according to the Suda2 (δ 1150), of an Ἐξήγησις τῶν ζητουμένων παρὰ τοῖς ιʹ ῥήτορσιν, a wor…

Phrynichus Arabius

(2,925 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 18/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phrynichus Arabius | Φρύνιχος Ἀράβιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Bitinia Date: seconda metà 2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: Photius1 attributes to Phrynichus the ethnic Ἀράβιος ( Bibl. cod. 158, 2, 100a, 33), while the Suda2 describes him as Βιθυνός (φ 764). Photius places his ἀκμή under Marcus Aurelius3 and Commodus4 (161-192 CE). Phr…

Zopyrus

(2,691 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zopyrus | Ζώπυρος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Magnesia Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A person named Zopyrus called the Magnesian (ὁ Μάγνης), who claimed to have read (ἀναγινώσκεσθαι) Homer1 in a version in the Aeolic dialect, is cited next to Dicaearchus2 in a passage of the Anecdoton3 edited by Osann. If the cit…

Philemon [1]

(5,458 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 26/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [1] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Aixone Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Philemon was an Athenian glossographer1 (from the deme of Aixone) who is traditionally dated to the 3rd or 2nd c. BCE. He is cited twice by Tryphon2 ( ap. [Amm.] Diff. 405, s.v.πονηρόν and Hdn. Cath. pros. fr. 53 Hunger), who serves a…

Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 21/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus | Μινούκιος Πακᾶτος Εἰρηναῖος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Irenaeus, a student of the metrist Heliodorus1, flourished probably in the mid-1st c. CE. His dating can be partially defined by a terminus ante quem, i.e., the citation2 in the Hippocratean lexicon3 of Erotianus4 (cf. Coh…

Menophanes

(1,653 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menophanes | Μηνοφάνης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: What little knowledge we have about Menophanes is based on the isolated testimony of Photius’1 Bibliotheca2 (cod. 176, 120a 6-14), where he is cited in connection with the tradition of the Philippika of Theopompus of Chios3; he appears as an interpreter …

Menecrates [1]

(1,669 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [1] | Μενεκράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ephesus Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Menecrates was a poet and a grammarian, native of Ephesus. Since he taught Aratus of Soli1 ( Sud.α 3745), he probably lived between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. He was the author of a poem on agriculture and apiculture (prov…

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Dionysius [12] Musicus

(2,118 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 04/10/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [12] Musicus | Διονύσιος ὁ Μουσικός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Halicarnassus Date: reign of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a native of Halicarnassus and lived during the reign of Hadrian1. He earned the nickname ὁ μουσικός, as the Suda2 lexicon affirms, because he produced mostly musical works; these h…

Tryphon [1]

(24,569 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [1] | Τρύφων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Tryphon was a native of Alexandria and the son of a certain Ammonius; according to the Suda1 (τ 1115: γεγονὼς κατὰ τοὺς Αὐγούστου χρόνους καὶ πρότερον) , he was active during the reign of Augustus2, but he was bor…

Iubas [1] II

(19,881 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/11/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iubas [1] II | Ἰόβας / Ἰούβας Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mauritania Date: ca. 50 a.C. – 23 d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: This Mauretanian monarch and prolific writer, the son of King Juba I of Numidia1 and grandson of Hiempsal2, is now generally distinguished from the metrician of the same name3 (cf. W. Kroll, Iuba [3], RE 9, 2 […
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