Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Zenodotus [4]

(3,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 21/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [4] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Mallos Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Zenodotus is a grammarian of unknown date, but he may perhaps belong to the Hellenistic Age (so K. Nickau, Zenodotos [n. 4], RE 10 A [1972], 45-47; H. Gärtner, Zenodotos [n. 3], Der Kleine Pauly. Lexikon der Antike, auf der Grundlage von Pau…

Theodorus [1]

(7,330 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodorus [1] | Θεόδωρος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Gadara Date: akmé ca. 33 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theodorus was a native of Gadara in Coele Syria and the son of slaves ( Sud.θ 151); he was a rhetorician and reached his akmé ca. 33 BCE, the year in which he is registered in Jerome’s1 Chronicon among the “nobilissimi artis rhetoricae Gr…

Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?)

(1,455 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [3] Aristonici pater (?) | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ τοῦ Ἀριστονίκου Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria-Rome Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy was (more probably) the father or the son of the more famous grammarian Aristonicus1, as we can gather from the apparently contradictory information we have rece…

Achilles [Tatius]

(3,489 words)

Author(s): Rossetti, Matteo
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Matteo Rossetti and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Achilles [Tatius] | Ἀχιλλεὺς [Τάτιος] Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is dated to ca. 2nd/3rd c. CE (this dating was proposed also by Martin 1956 , p. 132): the first testimonium about a work by Achilles on the sphaera barbarica appears in Firmicus Maternus2 ( Math. 4, 17 ,12), …

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…

Iustinus

(576 words)

Author(s): Russo, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Russo and first published on 29/06/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iustinus | Ἰουστῖνος Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A scholion on Lucian1 (25, 48 [p. 118, 7-8 Rabe]) attributes to a certain Ἰουστῖνος the idea that the construction of κατάγνυμι with the genitive (κατέαγα τοῦ κρανίου) is an Ἀττικὴ σύνταξις. Apart from the mention of a Ἰουστῖνος Ἀττικιστής in a scholion of Basil of C…

Heraclides [5] Lembus

(5,267 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 14/12/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [5] Lembus | Ἡρακλείδης Λέμβος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biography of Heraclides Lembus is obscure in many aspects because of the disagreement between Diogenes Laertius1 (5, 94) and the Suda2 (η 462, s.v.Ἡρακλείδης), the sole sources at our disposal. Accord…

Andromachus [2] Philologus

(1,030 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giulia D’Alessandro and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andromachus [2] Philologus | Ἀνδρόμαχος ὁ φιλόλογος Identity: Place of Origin: Hierapolis? Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Andromachus is known in the sources as the father of the tragedian Homer of Byzantium1 ( V. Hes. 223, 38-42; Tz. V. Lyc. 4, 30-33; Sch. Theocr. Anecd. Est. 3, 24-27) and the husband of the poetess Moero of Byzant…

Demetrius [9]

(679 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 05/06/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [9] | Δημἁτριος Place of Origin: Erythrae Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Information about Demetrius is very scarce. Diogenes Laertius1 (late 2nd-early 3rd c. CE) mentions him twelfth in his list of important men bearing the name Demetrius, so this constitutes a terminus ante quem for his dating. From Diogenes (5, 84) w…

Theon [1]

(38,919 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theon [1] | Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theon, the son of Artemidorus of Tarsus1, a follower of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, lived in the Augustan Age or in the final years of the Republican period (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) and led the philological school of Alexandria3 before Apion4 (Matth…

Chamaeleon

(11,910 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 05/10/2007 – 09/01/2012. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Chamaeleon was a native of Heraclea in Pontus and, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatus2. We should identify him as the Chamaeleon who, as Photius3 reports in an extract from the historian Memnon of Herac…

Hermippus [2]

(2,916 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/07/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [2] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Berytus Date: reign of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: A man of slave origin and a native of a village in Phoenicia that shared the name of Berytus with the famous port (cf. the clarification of the Suda1 lexicon, ε 3045, s.v. Ἕρμιππος), Hermippus was a student of Herennius Phil…

Archias

(3,006 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archias | Ἀρχίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The principal source of information about the life of Archias is an entry in the Suda1 (ε 2004, s.v.Ἐπαφρόδιτος), probably derived from the biographical work of Hermippus of Berytus2 περὶ τῶν διαπρεψάντων ἐν παιδείᾳ δούλων, in which Archias is presen…
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