Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Tryphon [1]

(24,569 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [1] | Τρύφων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Tryphon was a native of Alexandria and the son of a certain Ammonius; according to the Suda1 (τ 1115: γεγονὼς κατὰ τοὺς Αὐγούστου χρόνους καὶ πρότερον) , he was active during the reign of Augustus2, but he was bor…

Iubas [1] II

(19,881 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/11/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iubas [1] II | Ἰόβας / Ἰούβας Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mauritania Date: ca. 50 a.C. – 23 d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: This Mauretanian monarch and prolific writer, the son of King Juba I of Numidia1 and grandson of Hiempsal2, is now generally distinguished from the metrician of the same name3 (cf. W. Kroll, Iuba [3], RE 9, 2 […

Chaeremon

(6,689 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and first published on 11/01/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chaeremon | Χαιρήμων Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Egyptian priest Chaeremon, who was famous as a Stoic1 philosopher and grammarian, lived in the 1st c. CE. He taught at Alexandria and was certainly a prominent man in the cultural life of the city; he may have even had an important role at the Museum2 (accordi…

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Ister [1]

(9,768 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 29/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ister [1] | Ἴστρος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Paphos? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The information that we have about Ister’s homeland is contradictory: the Suda1 (ι 706, FGrHist 334 T 1) wavers between Cyrene and Macedonia (Κυρηναῖος ἢ Μακεδών; the entry Ἴστρος in the Suda is in all likelihood the resul…

Archibius [2]

(239 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 02/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archibius [2] | Ἀρχίβιος Place of Origin: Alexandria or Leucas in Acarnania Date: Age of Trajan ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1, which is the sole witness to the existence of this Archibius, does not state his city of origin definitively (Λευκάδιος ἢ Ἀλεξανδρεύς). It is probable – but it cannot be established with certainty – t…

Mnaseas [1]

(10,005 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 11/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Mnaseas [1] | Μνασέας Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Patara (Lycia) (?) Date: second half of the 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The sources attribute to Mnaseas both the ethnic Πατρεύς and the ethnic Παταρεύς, and so either Patras in Achaia or Patara in Lycia could be his homeland; nonetheless, the variant Παταρεύς seems preferable si…

Lupercus

(3,988 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 06/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lupercus | Λούπερκος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Berytus Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Lupercus, a grammarian from Berytus, was born or, more probably, flourished according to the Suda1 a little before the brief reign of the Emperor Claudius II2 (268/270 CE; for the participle γεγονώς as indicating the acmé of a career …

Diogenianus

(7,987 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/10/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Diogenianus | Διογενειανός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea (?) Date: age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: What little biographical information we have about Diogenianus comes from an entry dedicated to him in the Suda1 (δ 1140), which states that he was a native of a city named Heraclea, with the definite exclusion of…

Nicanor [3]

(10,422 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 09/01/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [3] | Νικάνωρ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: Age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical entry in the Suda1 (ν 375) tells us that the Alexandrian grammarian Nicanor, the son of Hermias2, lived in the age of Hadrian3, and it establishes that he was a contemporary of the grammarian Hermi…

Rufus [3]

(2,371 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Rufus [3] | Ῥοῦφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Almost nothing is known about the grammarian Rufus, the author of learned treatises that were extensively used by Sopater (probably the Neoplatonic philosopher)1 in his Various Extracts (Phot. Bibl. 161, 103a 18–20; 161, 103b 7–41; 161, …

Daphitas

(3,727 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Daphitas | Δαφίτας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Telmessus (Caria or Lycia?) Date: 3rd or 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Daphitas was a grammarian1 and sophist who was a native of Telmessus and whose dating wavers between the 3rd and 2nd c. BCE. The sources furnish different forms for his name too: Δαφίτας/ Daphitas (Strab. 14, 1, 39 [= C 647], Cic. De f…

Aelius [1] Dionysius

(30,303 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aelius [1] Dionysius | Αἴλιος Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Halicarnassus Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Halicarnassus, like the historiographer and rhetor1 who shared his name and who was his illustrious forefather according to the Suda2 (δ 1174), Aelius Dionysius lived in the age of Hadrian3. The quest…

Euripides

(1,641 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euripides | Εὐριπίδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A figure whose character it is difficult for us to reconstruct, this Euripides was, according to the Suda1 (ε 3694), the nephew of another Euripides2, older than the famous tragedian3 ( Sud. ε 36934; cf. Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, 1: Didascaliae…

Heracleon [2]

(1,718 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 03/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heracleon [2] | Ἡρακλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ephesus Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: In the work of Athenaeus1 we find seven citations from a lexicographer named Heracleon of Ephesus, who at one point is mentioned along with Nicander ὁ Θυατειρηνὸς2, and in another instance with a certain Polemarchus (regarding this cf. also Heroti…

Harpocration [2]

(3,819 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 30/11/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [2] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Argos Date: ca. late 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Harpocration was an exponent of Middle Platonism1 and a student of Atticus2. Proclus3 ( in Remp. 2, p. 96, 11-13 Kroll) mentions him among τῶν Πλατωνικῶν οἱ κορυφαῖοι in the era before Porphyry4. Within these restrictions he is…

Aristoxenus

(34,974 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 26/06/2006 – 21/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristoxenus | Ἀριστόξενος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Tarentum Date: 370/365 BCE-? ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristoxenus, Ἀριστόξενος ὁ μουσικός, was born in Tarentum, the son of Spintharus1 (or Mnesias, which recent critics have identified as an abbreviated name derived from the verb μιμνήσκω – the use of names…

Epaphroditus

(14,674 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Epaphroditus | Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chaeronea Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Epaphroditus can be found in the Suda1 (ε 2004 = T 1-2 Braswell-Billerbeck), which calls him a native of Chaeronea and a student of the Alexandrian scholar Archias2, who directed hi…

Alexander [1]

(7,792 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [1] | Ἀλέξανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Myndus Date: First half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing at all is known about the life of Alexander of Myndus, who for a long time was identified with Alexander Polyhistor1. Freudenthal ( Alex. Pol., 1875, pp. 18, 204) first made the distinction betwee…
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