Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Euphronius

(11,070 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chersonesus? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of a Euphronius who commented on the comic poets appears frequently in the scholia on Aristophanes1 (27 explicit mentions, of which 14 occur in only the scholia on the Birds and 9 in those on the Wasps), however…

Hestiaea

(1,129 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hestiaea | Ἑστιαῖα Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria (in the Troad?) Date: ante 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of this learned woman is attested also in the form Ἱστιαῖα by Eustathius1 ( ad Il. 280, 19-20, who seems in his case to be basing it on Strabo2; ad Il. 384, 20-21). We have no biographical information about her apa…

Callias

(2,244 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 3/10/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callias | Καλλίας Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Mitilene Data: 3° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Ignoriamo la cronologia di Callia di Mitilene (ὁ Μυτιληναῖος in Ath. 3, 85f e P.Köln 2, 61). Ateneo lo cita in parallelo ad Aristofane di Bisanzio (<=): in questa contiguità alcuni hanno voluto vedere un indizio di prossimità cronologica dei due (…

Apollonius [11] Molo

(5,237 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [11] Molo | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Μόλων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alabanda Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The nickname by which Apollonius was known to his contemporaries appears in the sources both as ὁ Μόλων and as ὁ τοῦ Μόλωνος; this fact, discussed by Riese (1879), is actually only an apparen…

Tyrannion [1] Maior

(16,598 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 110/100-25 ca. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The majority of the information we have about the life of Tyrannion comes from the Suda (τ 1184). He was a native of Amisus in Pontus who lived in the time of Pompey the Great and died of gout at an advan…

Neleus

(4,402 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Neleus | Νηλεύς Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Scepsi Data: 4°–3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Figlio del Corisco più volte citato da Aristotele (cfr. Bonitz 1870, p. 405 e Gottschalk 2000, 809–810), secondo Strabone (13, 1, 54) Neleo era originario di Scepsi e fu allievo di Aristotele (=> Aristoteles [1]) e Teofrasto (<=). Stando a…

Andronicus

(5,790 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 22/12/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andronicus | Ἀνδρόνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 1st c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: Andronicus was a Peripatetic1 philosopher, and his edition of Aristotle’s2 school writings constituted an essential milestone in the transmission of the corpus and fostered the rebirth of Aristotelianism3 in the imperial age. The sour…

Praxiphanes

(8,822 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Praxiphanes | Πραξιφάνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Peripatetic philosopher and grammarian and the son of Dionysiphanes ( IG 11, 4, 613) or Dionysophanes (Clem. Str. 1, 16, 79, 3), Praxiphanes was, according to some sources (Clem. ibid.; V. Arati 3, p. 16, 11–16 Martin), a na…

Demetrius [2]

(13,084 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [2] | Δημήτριος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: born ca. 205 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a scholar and antiquarian from Scepsis in the Troad, and he had a wealthy and noble background, as Diogenes Laertius1, who calls him a φιλόλογος (5, 84) among other things, informs us. Strabo2 calls him a contemporary of Cra…

Aristodemus [3]

(3,112 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a grammarian1 and rhetorician2 of the 1st c. BCE and a cousin of Aristodemus, a lesser known grammarian of the 2nd-1st c. BCE3; he was the son of the Aristarchean Menecrates4 and was also a student of Aristarchus5…

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Menecrates [2]

(2,122 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [2] | Μενεκράτης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Strabo1 (14, 1, 48) mentions that a Menecrates from Nysa was a student of Aristarchus2 and the father of Aristodemus3 whom the young Strabo heard when he was an elderly man: from this information we can date Menecrates to the 2nd c. BCE. Some note…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…

Aristocles

(4,577 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristocles | Ἀριστοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Aristocles is included in a review of famous Rhodians by Strabo2 (14, 2, 13), who names him as one of his contemporaries (ὁ γραμματικὸς καὶ Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ καθ’ ἡμᾶς). We should probably identify th…

Euphronius

(10,764 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Novembri è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Chersoneso? Data: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il nome di un Eufronio commentatore di poeti comici ricorre di frequente negli scolî ad Aristofane (ben 27 menzioni esplicite, di cui 14 nei soli scolî agli Uccelli e 9 in quelli alle Vespe), tuttavia non è facile comporre in un quadro coerente i dati che lo riguardan…

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Callimachus [1]

(17,043 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: 303 ca. – 240 ca. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Poeta e grammatico, nacque intorno al 303 a.C. e visse all’incirca fino al 240 (cfr. la menzione della guerra Laodicea del 246/245 nel fr. 110 Harder). La sua carriera si svolse per lo più ad Alessandria alla …

Arcadius

(3,781 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Arcadius | Ἀρκάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Antioch Date: 4th-5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Antioch, Arcadius’ career occurred at a time we are unable to identify precisely, but it must be before the compilation of the Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium1 (6th or, more probably, 5th c. CE: cf. Neri 2008, with bi…

Agatharchides

(11,524 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 08/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agatharchides | Ἀγαθαρχίδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Cnidus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A web of information allows us to place the life of Agatharchides between 200 BCE (or a few years earlier) and the last decades of the 2nd c. BCE. In codex 213 of the Bibliotheca1 (p. 171a 6-171b 12), Photius2 states that Agatharch…
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