Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Posidonius [3]

(405 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 16/11/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Posidonius [3] | Ποσειδώνιος Place of Origin: Apollonia (?) Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Posidonius, identified by the ethnic Ἀπολλωνιάτης, is cited by Tzetzes1 ( Exeg. Il. p. 4, 9–15) and placed by him among the scholars who were dedicated to Homeric2 exegesis. In particular, he attributed to this figure a criticism on Hesiod3,…

Phidalius/Philalius

(2,916 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phidalius/Philalius | Φιδάλιος/Φιλάλιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Corinth Date: 1st/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: This author is known to us from two fragments of the Chronographia of John Malalas1 (5, 18 [87, 80-94 Thurn]; 5, 19 [89, 56-90, 72 Thurn]), who is almost certainly the source of John Tzetzes2, who mentions Phidal…

Dionysius [10] Cyclographus

(4,102 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Dionysius [10] Cyclographus | Διονύσιος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Rodi o Samo Data: 3°/2° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Apprendiamo dal lessico Suda (δ 1181, FGrHist 15 T 1) che Dionisio era figlio di Musonio, di origine rodia o samia, sacerdote del tempio di Elio e autore di Storie locali in 6 libri, Periegesi della Terra e di una Storia istruttiva in 10 libri. I…

Andromachus [2] Philologus

(961 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Giulia D’Alessandro è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Andromachus [2] Philologus | Ἀνδρόμαχος ὁ φιλόλογος Luogo di provenienza: Ierapoli? Data: 4°-3° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Noto alle fonti quale padre di Omero tragico (=> Homerus [3]) ( V. Hes. 223, 38-42; Tz. V. Lyc. 4, 30-33; Sch. Theocr. Anecd. Est. 3, 24-27) e marito della poetessa Moiro di Bisanzio (Tz. Chil. 12, 399, 202-203; Sud. μ 1464. ο 253), questo Andromaco, definito ὁ φιλόλογος d…

Euclides

(5,309 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euclides | Εὐκλείδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no information about the time period, place of origin, or life of Euclides and even the historical reality of this figure has been called into doubt. He is mentioned in relation to the structure of Attic tragedy and comedy in some passages of Johannes Tzetzes1, who menti…

Lycophron

(8,118 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Lycophron | Λυκόφρων Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Calcide di Eubea Data: 4°/3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico e tragediografo, membro della Pleiade, Licofrone, nativo di Calcide, era figlio di Socle e figlio adottivo di Lico di Reggio. Scrisse 64 o 46 tragedie, di cui conosciamo grazie alla Suda 20 titoli (Αἴολος, Ἀνδρομέδα, Ἀλήτης, Αἰολίδης [ma Αἰθαλίδης per Jahn 186…

Dionysius [9]

(2,757 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/06/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [9] | Διονύσιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: In the subscriptions of the scholia on the Medea1 and the Orestes2 the ὑπόμνημα of a Dionysius who is not further identified is mentioned as one of the sources of the material combined into the Euripidean3 scholiographical corpus. Nothing more…

Andromachus [2] Philologus

(1,030 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giulia D’Alessandro and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andromachus [2] Philologus | Ἀνδρόμαχος ὁ φιλόλογος Identity: Place of Origin: Hierapolis? Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Andromachus is known in the sources as the father of the tragedian Homer of Byzantium1 ( V. Hes. 223, 38-42; Tz. V. Lyc. 4, 30-33; Sch. Theocr. Anecd. Est. 3, 24-27) and the husband of the poetess Moero of Byzant…

Lysanias

(2,785 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysanias | Λυσανίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Lysanias was a native of Cyrene and the teacher of his fellow citizen Eratosthenes1 ( Sud.ε 2898); this information dates him safely to the 3rd c. BCE. We know the title of only one of his works, his Περὶ ἰαμβοποιῶν, in several books; it i…

Theon [1]

(38,919 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theon [1] | Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theon, the son of Artemidorus of Tarsus1, a follower of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, lived in the Augustan Age or in the final years of the Republican period (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) and led the philological school of Alexandria3 before Apion4 (Matth…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Minucianus

(26,737 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 03/05/2007. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Minucianus | Μινουκιανός Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Atene Data: 2° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: L’identificazione precisa del retore e tecnografo Minuciano, noto attraverso i commentari alle opere di Ermogene, è piuttosto ardua. Una datazione generalmente accolta in passato, che ne colloca la nascita in età traianea (Schissel, Familie, p. 364; W. Stegem…

Chaeremon

(6,689 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and first published on 11/01/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chaeremon | Χαιρήμων Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Egyptian priest Chaeremon, who was famous as a Stoic1 philosopher and grammarian, lived in the 1st c. CE. He taught at Alexandria and was certainly a prominent man in the cultural life of the city; he may have even had an important role at the Museum2 (accordi…

Demo

(3,129 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 16/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demo | Δημώ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A scholar with an allegorical approach, Demo is cited in the scholia to the Iliad1 and Lucian2 and in Eustathius3, and is the object of a polemic by Johannes Tzetzes4, who mentions her with the offensive epithet μιμώ, together with Heraclitus5, Cornutus6, Palaephatus7…

Heraclitus [1]

(3,222 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclitus [1] | Ἡράκλειτος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ἡράκλειτος is the name cited in the subscriptions of the more credible witnesses of the rhetorical-allegorical work, to which some manuscripts attribute the title Ὁμηρικὰ προβλήματα and which, starting from mid-19th C…

Dionysius [9]

(2,671 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 20/06/2013. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Dionysius [9] | Διονύσιος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Nelle sottoscrizioni degli scolî alla Medea e all’ Oreste è menzionato, come una delle fonti del materiale confluito nel corpus scoliografico euripideo, l’ὑπόμνημα di un Dionisio non meglio identificato. Non si sa nulla di questa figura, ma non è inverosimile che sia lo stesso erud…

Alexander [1]

(7,792 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [1] | Ἀλέξανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Myndus Date: First half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing at all is known about the life of Alexander of Myndus, who for a long time was identified with Alexander Polyhistor1. Freudenthal ( Alex. Pol., 1875, pp. 18, 204) first made the distinction betwee…
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