Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius

(3,697 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ἀμμώνιος Ἀμμωνίου γραμματικὸς ἐσημειωσάμην: so reads the note found between columns 10 and 11 of POxy. 221 (Pack2 1205 [XII Erbse]; now Pap. Mus. Brit. 1184 = Pap. Lond. 178), a commentary on Book 21 of the Iliad1. The meaning of this …

Dius

(1,522 words)

Author(s): Cecchi, Flavia
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Flavia Cecchi è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Dius | Δίος Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: post 1° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Secondo la testimonianza di uno scolio omerico ( Sch. ex. [vel Porph.] Il. 9, 453c), Dios sarebbe stato allievo di un Arpocrazione autore di un ὐπόμνημα al nono libro dell’ Iliade, o all’intero poema secondo la congettura di Heyne che sostituisce ἰλιάδος ad ῑ del ms. A (=> Harpocration [4]). Non è possibile identifi…

Eustathius

(2,334 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 19/12/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Eustathius | Εὐστάθιος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 4°/5° sec. d.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Inizialmente identificato con l’arcivescovo di Tessalonica (Fuhr, Zwei Hermogeneskommentartoren, «RhM» 51 (1896), pp. 45–51, p. 48), il retore Eustazio va in realtà datato a un’epoca molto anteriore (al 5° sec. secondo L. Schilling, Quaestiones rhetoricae selectae, «JKPh» Suppl. 28 (…

Agapius

(717 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agapius | Ἀγάπιος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Our information about Agapius comes ultimately from Damascius1, whom both Photius2 and the Suda3 draw upon. A native of Alexandria, Agapius was well known for his wide learning and for the deep respect that, according…

Orion

(27,365 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 20/05/2008. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Orion | Ὠρίων Identità: BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Tebe (Egitto) Data: 5° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Sono molto probabilmente da riferire allo stesso personaggio le due brevissime biografie contenute nella Suda (ω 188 e 189) alla voce Ὠρίων. I due articoli che attribuiscono ad un autore con questo nome la paternità di una raccolta gnomica intitolata Ἀνθολόγιον divergono qu…

Demetrius [5]

(1,101 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Paola Ascheri è stata pubblicata il 05/06/2009 – (02/03/2010). Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Demetrius [5] | Δημήτριος ὁ Γονύπεσος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ante 2° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico di provenienza ignota, sul quale le informazioni scarseggiano. La sua menzione da parte di Erodiano (2° sec. d.C.) ( Sch. Il. 8, 233b) è il terminus ante quem che costituisce l’unico punto di riferimento per la datazione. Poiché il suo nom…

Gorgias [2]

(1,028 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Mario Regali è stata pubblicata il 09/05/2007. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Gorgias [2] | Γοργίας Identità: Perseus | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Atene Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Autore di epoca incerta, di origine ateniese. Sulla base di una testimonianza di Polluce ( FGrHist 351, 3B, T3, p. 214), Jacoby lo identifica con il Gorgia σοφιστής autore di un Ὀνομαστικόν e lo distingue dal Gorgia retore (=> Gorgias [1]), maestro di Cicerone a Roma nel 44 a.C. ( Die Fragmente der g…

Philogenes

(1,555 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philogenes | Φιλογένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Philogenes is known only from rare references, and both his birthplace and his dating remain uncertain. In the absence of other useful information to identify him, we can say that his name occurs twice in the scholia vetera on the Alexandra of Lycophron1; a third citation, …

Heraclides [4]

(8,875 words)

Author(s): Squeri, Elena
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Elena Squeri è stata pubblicata il 01/06/2022. Grammatico: Nome: Heraclides [4] | Ἡρακλείδης Luogo di provenienza: Eretria Data: 1° sec. a.C.-1° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Eraclide di Eretria (talvolta indicato solamente come ὁ Ἐρυθραῖος) fu un medico appartenente all’ultima generazione degli erofilei e un esegeta ippocratico. È possibile datarlo a cavallo tra la fine del 1° sec. a.C e l’inizio del 1° sec. d. C. grazie a Strabone (14, 1, 34 Radt), che, parlando d…

Artemon [3]

(458 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [3] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Clazomenae Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian by the name of Artemon, a native of Clazomenae, is cited by the Suda1 as the author of a Περὶ Ὁμήρου and the source of a note stating that Arctinus of Miletus2 was a pupil of Homer3 (α 3960, s.v.Ἀρκτῖνος). Scholars have proposed i…

Dionysius [16] Tryphonius

(1,942 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Novembri è stata pubblicata il 7/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Dionysius [16] Tryphonius | Διονύσιος ὁ Τρύφωνος Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 1° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico del 1° secolo d.C., allievo o forse figlio (l’appellativo ὁ Τρύφωνος permette entrambe le letture), del grammatico Trifone di Alessandria (=> Tryphon [1]), del quale riprese e ampliò l’opera Περὶ ὀνομασιῶν (Rohde 1870, p. 66; contra Cohn, 1903…

Dionysius [16] Tryphonius

(1,981 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [16] Tryphonius | Διονύσιος ὁ Τρύφωνος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 of the 1st c. CE and the student, or perhaps son (the name ὁ Τρύφωνος permits both readings), of the grammarian Tryphon of Alexandria2, whose work Περὶ ὀνομασιῶν he took up and extende…

Metrodorus

(2,496 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 02/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Metrodorus | Μητρόδωρος Identity: Place of Origin: Lampsacus Date: 5th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Metrodorus was a student of the philosopher Anaxagoras1 (Diog. L. 2, 11), and so he has to be dated to the 5th c. BCE and to be considered distinct from the younger Epicurean2 Metrodorus3 who was also from Lampsacus. Metrodorus is mentioned in Plato’s4…

Philemon [2]

(1,083 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [2] | Φιλήμων Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The birthplace of Philemon is unknown, and the presumed ethnic attested in Sch. Il. 2, 258a1 (κατὰ Φιλήμωνα τὸν Κρητικόν) and accepted by Erbse ( ad loc.1) is probably a corruption: Villoison ( Proll. Il., 1788, p. XXIII2) suggested emending it to τὸν κριτι…

Parmenon

(2,592 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmenon | Παρμένων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: before 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A glossographer1 born in Byzantium, Parmenon was the author of a work Περὶ διαλέκτων in at least four books ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 259d). The form of his name remained uncertain until the publication, in 1986, of POxy. 3710 (2n…

Dionysius [2]

(7,135 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sidon Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 who probably lived in the second half of the 2nd c. BCE and whom Sengebusch (1855, p. 30) included among Aristarchus' pupils2. He worked chiefly on the text of Homer3, dealing with textual, prosodic4, an…

Theaetetus

(2,120 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/09/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theaetetus | Θεαίτητος Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c./6th c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Theaetetus is cited four times in the scholia to the first Idyll1 of Theocritus2 for remarks that involved problems of prosody3 (παίδιον as proparoxytone, Sch. Theocr. 1, 50b; the Doric4 accentuation of accusatives like πτώκας, Sch. 1, 11…

Onasander

(1,720 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Onasander | Ὀνάσανδρος (Ὀνήσανδρος) Identity: Perseus | BNP Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The spelling of the name of Onasander is disputed in the ancient sources: Johannes Lydus1 ( Mag. 1, 47) and the Tactica2 (14, 112) attributed to Leo VI3 record an Ὀνήσανδρος among the authors of military strategy, while the entry in the Suda4 (ο 386) pre…

Zenon [3]

(5,993 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 30/01/2012. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenon [3] | Ζήνων Identity: Place of Origin: Sidon Date: ca. 150 BCE-ca. 70 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Zeno was a native of Sidon and a pupil of the Epicurean1 Apollodorus Kepotyrannos2 (ἀκροατὴς Ἀπολλοδώρου, Diog. Laert. 10, 25) but also attended the lectures of the Academic Carneades3 (Cic. ac. 1, 12, 46; cf. T. Dorandi, Ricerche sulla crono…

Chaeris

(9,563 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 20/12/2015. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Chaeris | Χαῖρις Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 2°/1° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Non disponiamo di alcuna notizia certa sulla biografia di Cheride. Dai frammenti si ricava che visse dopo Aristarco (=> Aristarchus), di cui condivide o discute alcune opinioni nell’ambito della filologia iliadica, e prima di Didimo (=> Didymus [1]), che ne utilizzò gli scritti ( Sch. A Il. 6, 71 a1)…
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