Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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A Half-Century of Efforts to Substitute Law for War (Volume 99)

(6,702 words)

Author(s): C. Jessup, Philip
C. Jessup, Philip Keywords: Peace | Public international law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Philip C. Jessup devotes this lecture, given on August 2 1960, in the Great Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in New York, to a Half-Century of Efforts to Substitute Law for War. Philip C. Jessup consacre cette conférence, donnée le 2 août 1960 dans le grand hall du Palais de la Paix, à La Haye, en commémoration du cinquantième anniv…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 66)

(93,597 words)

Author(s): François, J.-P.-A.
François, J.-P.-A. Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT J.-P.-A. Francois begins his course on the General Rules of the Law of Peace with a presentation of the evolution of the community of international law from the law of Ancient nations to the League of Nations. The author then studies the proper character of the law of nations by focusing on the school of natural law on one hand and on the positivist school on the other hand. The author then addresses the i…

Règles générales du droit de la paix. L’idée de l’organisation internationale, dans ses grandes phases (Volume 66)

(105,195 words)

Author(s): Van Kan, J.
Van Kan, J. Keywords: Peace | International law | History | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | Histoire | ABSTRACT In this course, J. van Kan does not propose to follow the development of the idea of international peace through the centuries, but to make a choice in the subject and to deal with some major detached but closely coherent chapters. The author writes that the organization of peace has proceeded through four paths: moral conviction, universalism, the supranational idea, and the international idea. T…

The Peace of Peoples (Volume 77)

(15,781 words)

Author(s): A. Berle, Jr, Adolf
A. Berle, Jr, Adolf Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Self-defence | Peace | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Défense légitime | Paix | ABSTRACT From a doctrinal point of view, Adolf Berle considers that the Charter of the United Nations confers rights within private international law on peoples while maintaining the rights previously recognized by the international law to the States. The author begins his course on the peace of peoples by comparing the peace of the States and peace of the peoples. He then examines…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 58)

(79,341 words)

Author(s): Brierly, James-Leslie
Brierly, James-Leslie Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT International law, writes James-Leslie Brierly in his introduction to this course, is based on the negation of the idea that the State is the highest form of human society, and states that States are the associates of a higher community, the Civitas maxima. The author begins his course with a presentation of this international community. He then focuses on the state in the international order, on the legal organization of the international comm…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 54)

(109,380 words)

Author(s): Le Fur, Louis
Le Fur, Louis Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT The course of Louis Le Fur on General Rules of the Law of Peace begins with the first part devoted to doctrines on the basis of international law. The author thus presents ten different theories, the last one, to which the author agrees, being a realistic and synthetic theory. The second part of the course is devoted to the study of several selected problems, such as custom and general principles of law, the revision of treaties, or the domain for the exclusive competence of the State. Le cours d…

The Juridical Clauses of the Peace Treaties (Volume 73)

(41,078 words)

Author(s): G. Fitzmaurice, G.
G. Fitzmaurice, G. Keywords: World War II | Peace | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerre mondiale de 1939 | Paix | Traités | ABSTRACT In his course on the Judicial Clauses of the Peace Treaties, G.G. Fitzmaurice refers to the peace treaties as the treaties signed with Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Finland and entered into force in 1947. After an introduction devoted to the peace treaties, the author examines the territorial clauses, the political clauses, the military clauses, economic clauses, financial clauses, and commercial clauses of the peace treaties. Dans son cours sur les …

Les formes de cessation de l’état de guerre en droit international (Volume 149)

(21,607 words)

Author(s): Klafkowski, Alfons
Klafkowski, Alfons Keywords: WaPeace | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerres | Paix | Traités | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Alfons Klafkowski raises the following questions: principle-based technique of organizing peace and international security is increasingly linked to international law, how does the question of the end of the state of war arises in international law, is the question regulated, and if so how and by whom? In order to answer these questions, the author presents the concept of state of…

Règles générales du droit de la Paix (Volume 54)

(106,550 words)

Author(s): Kaufmann, Erich
Kaufmann, Erich Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT After a presentation of the general approach to the issue of the rules of the law of peace, the author studies the establishment of the State in an international order. He then focuses on the peculiarities of the international order, and on the idea of law in the international order. The last chapter examines the international community and international political law: the author presents the structure and or…

Les règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 47)

(117,717 words)

Author(s): Strupp, Karl
Strupp, Karl Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Karl Strupp makes the following observation: under the penalty of ad infinitum regression in legal order, it should be admitted that the foundation of international law is pre-legal. Ever since the States have recognized an obligatory nature of the international norms at different periods which could not be specified historically, it is that the same principle was a part of the public internati…

Les antécédents de la Société des Nations (Volume 60)

(35,861 words)

Author(s): Dupuis, Charles
Dupuis, Charles Keywords: Europe | Peace | History | Mots clefs: Europe | Paix | Histoire | ABSTRACT The author points out that, from the Roman Empire to the present day (1937), Europe first and then the world hovered between the international organization and the anarchy of sovereignties. First, the author focuses on the rudimentary projects of international organization, theoretical order, like that of Sully. He then presents a precise and complete project of the Abbot of Saint Peter to restore perpetual peace …

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 62)

(110,467 words)

Author(s): Lauterpacht, H.
Lauterpacht, H. Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT H. Lauterpacht's course does not aim to cover the entire subject of international law of peace. The author examines with a particular attention on some of the problems that lawyers of international law have been particularly concerned with in the years preceding the year in which the course was given, that is 1937. After the first part devoted to the foundations of international law, the author focuses on the…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 58)

(79,747 words)

Author(s): Basdevant, Jules
Basdevant, Jules Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT The General Rules of the Law of Peace, according to Jules Basdevant in 1936, are rules of international law. The current international legal order, unlike the domestic legal order, does not include any legislator competent to establish or modify the rules of law. This fact, together with historical and moral reasons, is a basis for the debate between rational conceptions and positive conceptions of internati…