Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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Règles générales du droit international de la paix (Volume 30)

(78,305 words)

Author(s): Verdross, A.
Verdross, A. Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT Alfred Verdross explains in the introduction to his course that one cannot understand the social facts if one do not penetrate the thoughts at the basic level. The thesis advanced by the author is that positive law of nations is obscure if one does not know its creative ideas, developed precisely by the founders of international law. The author therefore begins with a presentation of the development and structur…

A Half-Century of Efforts to Substitute Law for War (Volume 99)

(6,702 words)

Author(s): C. Jessup, Philip
C. Jessup, Philip Keywords: Peace | Public international law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international public | ABSTRACT Philip C. Jessup devotes this lecture, given on August 2 1960, in the Great Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in New York, to a Half-Century of Efforts to Substitute Law for War. …

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 66)

(93,597 words)

Author(s): François, J.-P.-A.
François, J.-P.-A. Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT J.-P.-A. Francois begins his course on the General Rules of the Law of Peace with a presentation of the evolution of the community of international law from the law of Ancient nations to the League of Nations. The author then studies the proper character of the law of nations by focusing on the school of natural law on one hand and on the positivist school on the other hand. The author then addresses the i…

Règles générales du droit de la paix. L’idée de l’organisation internationale, dans ses grandes phases (Volume 66)

(105,195 words)

Author(s): Van Kan, J.
Van Kan, J. Keywords: Peace | International law | History | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | Histoire | ABSTRACT In this course, J. van Kan does not propose to follow the development of the idea of international peace through the centuries, but to make a choice in the subject and to deal with some major detached but closely coherent chapters. The author writes that the organization of peace has proceeded through four paths: moral conviction, universalism, the supranational idea, and the international idea. The author adopts the most typical and the most extensive application for each of th…

L’œuvre de toutes les confessions chrétiennes (Eglises) pour la paix internationale (Volume 31)

(30,147 words)

Author(s): Muller, J.
Muller, J. Keywords: Roman Catholic Church | Peace | Mots clefs: Eglise | Paix | ABSTRACT Joseph Muller’s subject deals with problems related to a number of issues regarding the history of Christianity and the theories of war and peace in his course. In a first part, the author focuses on a pacifying work of Christian Confessions in the past, and in a second part on the possible contribution of Christianity to the law of the future. Tout le problème posé par le sujet traité par Joseph Muller dans son cours relève d'un certain nombre de questions relatives à l'histoire du christianisme et des théories relatives à la gue…

Règles genérales du droit de la paix (Volume 26)

(103,119 words)

Author(s): Cavaglieri, Arrigo
Cavaglieri, Arrigo Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | …

Le droit constitutionnel et l'organisation de la paix (Droit constitutionnel de la pak) (Volume 45)

(37,178 words)

Author(s): Mirkine-Guetzévitch, Boris
Mirkine-Guetzévitch, Boris Keywords: Peace | Constitutional law | International law and domestic law | …

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 46)

(119,963 words)

Author(s): Scelle, Georges
Scelle, Georges Keywords: Peace | International law…

The Peace of Peoples (Volume 77)

(15,781 words)

Author(s): A. Berle, Jr, Adolf
A. Berle, Jr, Adolf Keywords: United Nations | Charter | Self-defence | Peace | Mots clefs: Nations Unies | Charte | Défense légitime | Paix | ABSTRACT From a doctrinal point of view, Adolf Berle considers that the Charter of the United Nations confers rights within private international law on peoples while maintaining the rights previously recognized by the international law to the States. The author begins his course on the peace of peoples by comparing the peace of the States and peace of the peoples. He then examines the nature of the United Nations, the "Pax Gentium", the collective defense and the enforcement of the peace of peoples. He then expresses the vision of unity: the community of peoples.…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 58)

(79,341 words)

Author(s): Brierly, James-Leslie
Brierly, James-Leslie Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT International law, writes James-Leslie Brierly in his introduction to this course, is based on the negation of the idea that the State is the highest form of human society, and states that States are the associates of a higher community, the Civitas maxima. The author begins his course with a presentation of this international community. He then focuses on the state in the international order, on the legal organization of the international comm…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 54)

(109,380 words)

Author(s): Le Fur, Louis
Le Fur, Louis Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT The course of Louis Le Fur on General Rules of the Law of Peace begins with the first part devoted to doctrines on the basis of international law. The author thus presents ten different theories, the last one, to which the author agrees, being a realistic and synthetic theory. The second part of the course is devoted to the study of several selected problems, such as custom and general principles of law, the revision of treaties, or the domain for the exclusive competence of the State. Le cours d…

Règles gènèrales du droit de la paix (Volume 32)

(96,719 words)

Author(s): Dupuis, Charles
Dupuis, Charles Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT Charles Dupuis writes in his course that it is certainly easier to outlaw the war on paper than to ban it from reality. The Kellog Pact, the author continues, assumes that the first means of safeguarding peace, namely that all powers are and will always be peaceful, is sufficient for everything; that, therefore, the second means, the intimidation of the belligerent by the preponderance of the forces of the pa…

Les bases économiques de la paix (Volume 37)

(34,328 words)

Author(s): Ernest Minor Patterson, Dr
Ernest Minor Patterson, Dr Keywords: Peace | Economy | Mots clefs: Paix | Economie politique | ABSTRACT It is nowadays, writes Dr. Ernest Minor Patterson, two groups of economic forces are in action: few make the world a whole; others divide it into opposite zones. The first establish a deep dependency between us. The second separates us because there are certain conditions in which our interests are not in harmony. The author notes that this conflict poses an embarrassing problem. The purpose of the six chapter…

The Juridical Clauses of the Peace Treaties (Volume 73)

(41,078 words)

Author(s): G. Fitzmaurice, G.
G. Fitzmaurice, G. Keywords: World War II | Peace | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerre mondiale de 1939 | Paix | Traités | ABSTRACT In his course on the Judicial Clauses of the Peace Treaties, G.G. Fitzmaurice refers to the peace treaties as the treaties signed with Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Finland and entered into force in 1947. After an introduction devoted to the peace treaties, the author examines the territorial clauses, the political clauses, the military clauses, economic clauses, financial clauses, and commercial clauses of the peace treaties. Dans son cours sur les …

L’organisation économique de la paix (Volume 15)

(54,062 words)

Author(s): Milhaud, Edgar
Milhaud, Edgar Keywords: Peace | International economic law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international économique | ABSTRACT Edgar Milhaud writes in 1926 that the problem of the Economic Organization of Peace has ceased to be a purely theoretical problem; it is now posed as a practical problem before the League of Nations. The author examines this practical problem by first addressing the issues of international trade policy, an idea of a European economic union. He then presents some ways of regularizing the natio…

Règles générales du droit de la Paix (Volume 54)

(106,550 words)

Author(s): Kaufmann, Erich
Kaufmann, Erich Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT After a presentation of the general approach to the issue of the rules of the law of peace, the author studies the establishment of the State in an international order. He then focuses on the peculiarities of the international order, and on the idea of law in the international order. The last chapter examines the international community and international political law: the author presents the structure and or…

Histoire de la paix publique en Allemagne au Moyen Age (Volume 28)

(50,562 words)

Author(s): Quidde, Ludwig
Quidde, Ludwig Keywords: Germany | Middle Ages | Peace | Mots clefs: Allemagne | Moyen-âge | Paix | ABSTRACT The aim of Ludwig Quidde’s course is to describe a development not taken place in the field of international law but in the field of German Constitutional Law. But this development offers very curious and very interesting analogies with the development of international law issues. The first part of the course focuses on the period from the primitive times to the end of the Carolingians (Germanic law, migrat…

Règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 35)

(75,684 words)

Author(s): Bourquin, Maurice
Bourquin, Maurice Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT In this course devoted to the General Rules of the Law of Peace, Maurice Bourquin seeks to grasp the positive law in its principles, not as it may one day be, but as it is in 1931. The author, at first, studies the subject and the structure of international law, then the sources and basis of international law. He later focuses on the bodies of international legal order, the assignment of powers, the exercise of powers, and the sanction of irregularities. Dans ce cours consacré aux règle…

Les règles générales du droit de la paix (Volume 47)

(117,717 words)

Author(s): Strupp, Karl
Strupp, Karl Keywords: Peace | International law | Mots clefs: Paix | Droit international | ABSTRACT In the introduction to his course, Karl Strupp makes the following observation: under the penalty of ad infinitum regression in legal order, it should be admitted that the foundation of international law is pre-legal. Ever since the States have recognized an obligatory nature of the international norms at different periods which could not be specified historically, it is that the same principle was a part of the public internati…
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