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Reitz

(169 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[English Version] Reitz,  Johann Henrich (24.6.1655 Oberdiebach – 25.11.1720 Wesel), ref. Theologe, Studium in Heidelberg (ab 1675), Bremen (ab 1678), Herborn und Leiden (ab 1679), Rektor in Frankenthal, 1681 Pfarrer in Freinsheim, 1689 Inspektor in Ladenburg, 1694 Pfarrer in Asslar, 1695 Hofprediger und Inspektor in Braunfels. Unter dem Einfluß von B. Ch. Klopfer und H. Horche für den Separatismus und Chiliasmus gewonnen, wurde R. 1697 amtsenthoben. In den folgenden Jahren nur kurzzeitig in Ämtern…

Wittenberg, Universität

(857 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[English Version] (Leucorea). Nach der sächsischen Erbteilung (1485), durch die Leipzig an die albertinische Linie fiel, wurde die U.W. im Zuge des Ausbaus der Stadt W. zur ernestinischen und damit kursächsischen Residenzstadt am 18.10.1502 unter Kurfürst Friedrich (III.) dem Weisen als kursächsische Landesuniversität gegründet. Das kaiserliche Privileg war am 6.7.1502 erteilt worden, das päpstl. datiert erst von 1507, doch lag seit 1503 ein Privileg des Kardinallegaten Raimund Peraudi vor. Die er…

Stenger

(170 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[English Version] Stenger,  Johann Melchior (26.9.1638 Erfurt – 7.3.1710 Wittstock). Nach Studium in Jena (1654), Leipzig, Wittenberg, Straßburg (1658) und Erfurt ab 1666 Diakonus an der Erfurter Predigerkirche. Der über S.s terministische Buß- und Gnadenlehre, für die er sich v.a. auf »Sonthoms Güldenes Kleinod« (E. Sonthom) berief, entbrannte »Stengersche Streit« führte den »Erfurter Frühpietismus« (Wallmann) in eine Krise, in der Ph.J. Spener erfolglos zu vermitteln versuchte. 1670 in Erfurt amt…

Quandt

(190 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[English Version] Quandt, Johann Jakob (27.3.1686 Königsberg – 17.1.1772 ebd.), nach Studium in Königsberg (ab 1701), Leipzig (ab 1706, 1707 M.A.), Halle und Jena sowie einer Bildungsreise durch Deutschland und die Niederlande, wo er v.a. orientalistische Studien trieb, ab 1710 M. legens in Königsberg, 1715 Dr. theol. (Rostock), 1716 a.o. Prof. der Theol., 1718 zugleich Pfarrer in Königsberg-Löbenicht, 1721 Oberhofprediger, Konsistorialrat und o.Prof. der Theol., 1736 Generalsuperintendent in Preuße…

Sonthom(b)

(160 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[English Version] Sonthom(b), Emanuel (Anagramm für E. Thom[b]son; Lebensdaten unbekannt), engl. Kaufmann in Danzig und Stade (dort nachgewiesen 1599–1612), übers. unter dem Titel »Güldenes Kleinot der Kinder Gottes« (Frankfurt/M., 1612) das »First Booke of the Christian Exercise« (1582) des engl. Jesuiten Robert Persons, das ihm in der prot. Bearb. durch Edmund Bunny vorlag (A Booke of Christian Exercise, 1584). Seit der Ausg. Lüneburg 1632, der ein vermutlich von J. Gesenius vf. dritter Teil beig…

Porst

(242 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[English Version] Porst, Johann (11.12.1668 Oberkotzau bei Hof – 9.1.1728 Berlin), nach Studium in Leipzig 1689–1692 Hauslehrer in Neustadt an der Aisch, wo er sich infolge der Lektüre von Ph.J. Speners Bußpredigten dem Pietismus anschloß und Konventikel einrichtete. 1695 übersiedelte P. nach Berlin und gewann Zugang zum Kreis um Spener, der ihn förderte. 1698 wurde er Pfarrer in Malchow, 1704 Zweiter Pfarrer an der Friedrichwerderschen und Dorotheenstädtischen Kirche in Berlin, 1709 Hofprediger be…

Lange, Joachim

(298 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (Oct 26, 1670, Gardelegen, Altmark – May 7, 1744, Halle). After attending school in Osterwieck, Quedlinburg (1687), and Magdeburg (1689), Lange entered the university at Leipzig in the fall of 1689. There he joined A. Francke and the Collegium Philobiblicum and because a private tutor for C. Thomasius. In 1690 he followed Francke to Erfurt and in 1692 to Halle; in 1693 he moved to Berlin and joined the circle around P. Spener, K. v Canstein, and J. Schade. After receiving his master's degree in absentia from Halle, he was appointed principal in Köslin, Farther Pom…

Hellmund, Egidius Günther

(312 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (Aug 6, 1678, probably in the region of Neunheilingen near Langensalza – Feb 6, 1749, Wiesbaden). After studying in Jena and Halle, where he aligned himself with the Pietism of A.H. Francke, Hellmund was a Saxon-Weimarian military chaplain in the War of the Spanish Succession (1700–1707), then adjunct pastor in Berka/Werra, pastor in Daaden, Westerwald (1708), and pastor in Wetzlar (after 1711). Confronted with the vigorous hostility of his anti-Pietist colleague, J. Geibel and th…

Mengering, Arnold

(197 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (Sep 1, 1596, Halle an der Saale – Jan 2, 1647, Halle an der Saale). After studying in Wittenberg (from 1615) and Jena (from 1619), Arnold Mengering officiated as pastor in the area of Magdeburg from 1622 onward (1622: Colbitz, 1624: Sudenburg, 1627: Löbejün). In 1627, he became cathedral preacher in Halle, was deposed and expelled in 1630 following recatholicization of the cathedral during the Thirty Years War, was appointed third court chaplain in Dresden in 1631, and court chap…

Michaelis, Johann Heinrich

(246 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (Jul 15, 1668, Klettenberg, South Harz – Mar 10, 1738, Halle). After a commercial apprenticeship in Braunschweig, Michaelis attended the Latin school in Nordhausen; in 1688 he began the study of oriental languages in Leipzig. There he became a disciple of A.H. Francke, whom he followed to Halle in 1692. He received his master's degree there in 1694 and was appointed to the philosophical faculty as adjunct in 1696. After a study year in 1699 with H. Ludolf in Frankfurt am Main, whe…

Elers, Heinrich Julius

(203 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (Jun 28, 1667, Bardowick near Lüneburg – Sep 13, 1728, Halle/Saale), already at school (Lüneburg 1688) and as a theology student (1689 Leipzig) was a friend and supporter of A.H. Francke, on whose side he was involved in Pietistic disputes (Pietism: I, 1). From 1690 to1694 he was an informant in Arnstadt; he was imprisoned in 1694 and expelled for founding conven…

Meldenius, Rupertus

(138 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (anagram of Petrus Meuderlinus [Peter Meiderlin]; 1582, Oberacker near Maulbronn – Jun 1, 1651, Augsburg), pseudonymous author of the Paraenesis votiva pro pace ecclesiae ad theologos Augustanae confessionis (1626), which reproached the theologians for seeking vain quarrels (esp. in relation to the intra-Lutheran christological controversy), and for declaring J. Arndt a heretic, and called for a distinction between necessaria and non-necessaria in dogmatics. The maxim in necessariis unitas, in non necessariis libertas, in utrisque charitas, often cited …

Ammersbach, Heinrich

(196 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (1632, Halberstadt – Jul 17, 1691, Halberstadt). In 1658, after studying at Jena, Ammersbach was chosen to be pastor in Halberstadt. He held this office throughout his lifetime. Beginning in the early 1660s, he published – mostly at his own expense and often using the pseudonym Heinrich Hansen or Christian Warner – a steady stream of polemics …

Rambach

(367 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] 1. Johann Jakob (Feb 24, 1693, Halle – Apr 19, 1735, Giessen). From 1712, Rambach studied in Halle; in 1715 he worked on J.H. Michaelis’s edition of the Biblia Hebraica; from 1719 (together with G.A. Francke), he studied in Jena (esp. under J.F. Buddeus), where in 1720 he gained his M.A.; in 1723 he became assistant in the Halle faculty of theology; in 1726, assistant professor; in 1727, full professor of theology in Halle; in 1731, Dr.theol.; from 1731, professor and general superintendent in Giessen. Ramba…

Breithaupt, Joachim Justus

(225 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (Feb 17, 1658, Northeim near Göttingen – Mar 16, 1732, Berge Monastery near Magdeburg) studied (1676–1683) in Helmstedt and Kiel (where he lived in the house of C. Kortholt with A.H. Francke) and became associate professor of homiletics there in 1684. In 1685, he became court preacher and consistorial counselor in Meinigen. After a stay with P…

Horneck, Anton

(193 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (Anthony; 1641, Bacharach – Jan 31, 1697, London). After his studies at Heidelberg (1659–1661) he lived in England and became a member of Queen's College, Oxford, in 1664. In 1665, he became court tutor to the son of the duke of Albemarle and the latter's protégé. In 1671, he was appointed preacher at Savoy Chapel, where he attracted a large congregation and was much sought after as a pastor. In 1689, he became the court chaplain of William III. Horneck was a cofounder of the Reli…

Saldenus, Guilielmus

(171 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (Willem; May, 1627, Utrecht – Aug 2, 1694, The Hague). After studying in Utrecht, Saldenus filled pulpits in Renswoude (1649), Kokkengen (1652), Enkhuizen (1655), Delft (1664) and The Hague (1677). As a pupil of G. Voetius, influenced by W. Ames and English edifying literature, he supported the Puritan wing of the Nadere Reformatie, advocating Sunday observance and catechetical instruction and forbidding card-playing and theater. He wrote many edifying works, which also influenced…

Koelman, Jacobus

(222 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (baptized Nov 23, 1631, Utrecht – Feb 6, 1695, Utrecht). After studying in Utrecht, he was chaplain to the embassies in Copenhagen and ¶ Brussels from 1657. From 1662, he was pastor in Sluis, Zeeland. As a student of G. Voetius and significantly influenced by (English and Scottish) Puritanism (Puritans/Puritanism), Koelman became the programmatist and militant defender of the Dutch Nadere Reformatie. He pushed for Sunday observance and for church discipline and opposed church holidays and compulsory wors…

Herrnschmidt, Johann Daniel

(194 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (Apr 11, 1675, Bopfingen, Württemberg – Feb 5, 1723, Halle). Following his studies in Altdorf and Halle, Herrnschmidt was Informator at the Paedagogium and at the Gynaeceum of A.H. Francke's foundations from 1700 onward, became adjunct of the theological faculty in 1701, and was deacon in Bopfingen from 1702 to 1712. In 1712, after being awarded a Dr.theol. in Halle, he was appointed superintendent and councilor of the consistory in Idstein (Nassau). He was called back to Halle in 1715 to assist Fra…

Sonthom, Emanuel

(184 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo
[German Version] (anagram of E. Thomson; dates unknown), English merchant in Danzig (Gdansk) and Stade (presence documented from 1599 to 1612). Under the title Güldenes Kleinot der Kinder Gottes (Frankfurt am Main, 1612), he translated the First Booke of the Christian Exercise (1582) of the English ¶ Jesuit Robert Persons (or Parsons), which he knew in a Protestant version by Edmund Bunny ( A Booke of Christian Exercise, 1584). After the edition published in Lüneburg in 1632, which included a third section probably written by J. Gesenius, “Sonthom” (so called f…
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