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Francke

(1,774 words)

Author(s): Sträter, Udo | Jacobi, Juliane
[German Version] 1. August Hermann (Mar 12, 1664, Lübeck - Jun 8, 1727, Halle/Saale). a. Life and work Francke grew up in a religious atmosphere shaped by Johann Arndt's Wahres Christentum and English edifying literature. In Gotha, where his father accepted an appointment as court counselor in 1666, he became acquainted with the ecclesiastical, educational, and social reforms put in place by Ernest the Pious in his territory. He began his studies at Erfurt but moved to Kiel in 1679, where his favorite teacher was C. Kortholt…

Olearius

(1,045 words)

Author(s): Hasse, Hans-Peter | Albrecht-Birkner, Veronika | Sträter, Udo | Kadelbach, Ada
[English Version] 1.Johannes Kupfermann), (17.9.1546 Wesel – 26.1.1623 Halle/S.). Studium in Marburg (1566) und Jena (1570, M.A. 1573), 1574 Lehrer am Gymnasium in Königsberg, 1577 Prof. für hebr. Sprache, 1578 Prof. für Theol. in Helmstedt (1579 Dr. theol.); 1581 Superintendent in Halle/S., wo er sich für die Ordnung des Kirchenwesens einsetzte und gelegentlich theol. Disputationen abhielt. Eine enge Freundschaft verband ihn mit T. Heshusius, dessen Tochter Anna er 1579 heiratete. Als ein bewußte…

Olearius

(1,263 words)

Author(s): Hasse, Hans-Peter | Albrecht-Birkner, Veronika | Sträter, Udo | Kadelbach, Ada
[German Version] 1. Johannes (Kupfermann; Sep 17, 1546, Wesel – Jan 26, 1623, Halle). After studying at Marburg (1566) and Jena (1570, M.A. 1573), Olearius began teaching at the Gymnasium in Königsberg (today Kaliningrad) in 1574. In 1577 he was appointed professor of Hebrew and in 1578 professor of theology at Helmstedt (1579 Dr.theol.). In 1581 he was appointed superintendent in Halle, where he set the organization of the church in order and occasionally held theological disputations. He was a clo…

Pietismus

(5,905 words)

Author(s): Wallmann, Johannes | O'Malley, J. Steven | Winkler, Eberhard | Sträter, Udo | Feldtkeller, Andreas
[English Version] I. Kirchengeschichtlich 1.Deutschland und Europa a)Definition Der P. ist eine rel. Erneuerungsbewegung im Protestantismus  (: I.,1.) des späten 17.Jh. und des 18.Jh., neben dem angelsächsischen Puritanismus die bedeutendste rel. Bewegung seit der Reformation. Gleicherweise in der luth. wie in der ref. Kirche entstanden, löste sich der P. von der als totes Gewohnheitschristentum angesehenen, obrigkeitlich regulierten Gestalt des altprot. Kirchentums, drang auf Individualisierung und …

Pietism

(6,563 words)

Author(s): Wallmann, Johannes | O’Malley, Steven | Winkler, Eberhard | Sträter, Udo | Feldtkeller, Andreas
[German Version] I. Church History 1. Germany and Europe a. Definition. Pietism was a religious revival movement in late 17th- and 18th-century Protestantism (I, 1), alongside Anglo-Saxon Puritanism (Puritans) the most significant post-Reformation religious movement. Emerging within both the Lutheran and the Reformed churches, Pietism broke with orthodox Protestantism regulated by the authorities, which it perceived as a moribund Christianity of habit, pressed for an individualized and spiritualized rel…
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