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Castabala

(133 words)

Author(s): Täuber, Hans (Vienna)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Pompeius | Rome (Καστάβαλα; Kastábala). Situated on the north-eastern edge of the Cilician plain near  Karatepe, C. was a cult centre of Artemis  Perasia (Str. 12,2,7; [2]; the goddess Kubaba ( Cybele) of Kaštabalay is already mentioned in an Aramaic text of the 5th/4th cents. [1]). From the time of Antiochus [6] IV, C. was a polis, bearing the name of Hierapolis (coins). From about 63 BC-AD 17, it was probably the seat of a dynasty of client kings (Tarkondimotos). Roman buildings: theatre, stadium, c…

Perasia

(346 words)

Author(s): Petzl, Georg (Cologne)
[German version] (Περασία; Perasía). Goddess of whose worship in Cilician Castabala (name from 2nd cent. BC also Hierapolis) there is long-standing evidence. A 5th-4th cent. BC Aramaic inscription discovered 20 km north of the town mentions the ' Kubaba of P W Š D/R (= Piwaššara?), which is in Kaštabalay'. It has been supposed that this name is the basis of the Graecized P. ([2. 13f.]; incorrect explanation in Str. 12,2,7). Str. 12,2,7 identifies P. with Artemis; in an epigraphical poem of the Antonine period, the author alternates between cor…

Artemis

(3,216 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Ley, Anne (Xanten)
(Ἄρτεμις; Ártemis) I. Religion [German version] A. Etymology and Early History Greek goddess; daughter of Zeus and Leto, twin sister of Apollo. Goddess of transitions -- birth and coming-of-age in both sexes -- of female death, hunting and game, as well as, in the Greek East, city goddess. Identified especially with Cybele and Anahita in Asia Minor and the Near East, and with Diana in Rome. Etruscan representations, where she is called artume(s), preserve her character as a figure borrowed from the Greeks. It is a matter of dispute, whether her name, which defies all etymology…