Brill’s New Pauly

Search

Your search for 'Marsi' returned 32 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Marsi

(456 words)

Author(s): de Vido, Stefania (Venice) | Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] [1] Tribe in the Central Italian Appenninus Tribe in the Central Italian Appenninus near Lacus Fucinus (Str. 5,2,1; Ptol. 3,1,57), regarded as brave and warlike (Str. 5,4,2; Plin. HN 3,106; Liv. 8,29,4; Verg. G. 2,167; cf. the etymological derivation from ‘Mars’). As descendants of a son of Circe they allegedly were immune to snake poison (Plin. HN 7,15; 21,78; 25,11; 28,30; Gell. NA 16,11,1; cf. Cic. Div. 1,132; 2,70; Hor. Epod. 17,29; Hor. Carm. 2,20,18). Characteristic of the M. was t…

Ultor

(10 words)

see Mars,I. Cult and myth C. Mars Ultor

Plestina

(81 words)

Author(s): Gulletta, Maria Ida (Pisa)
[German version] Fortified city of the Marsi [1], not located, conquered, like the two neighbouring - also unlocated - cities of Milionia and Fresilia, in 302 BC by the Roman dictator M. Valerius Maximus (according to Liv. 10,3,5; less likely by his father M. Valerius Corvus, as the Acta Triumphalia CIL I2 p. 171 write for 301 BC, however) after a victory over the Marsi and set free again after the conclusion of a treaty. Gulletta, Maria Ida (Pisa)

Mallovendus

(50 words)

Author(s): Spickermann, Wolfgang (Bochum)
[German version] Celtic name (cf. Mal(l)orix). Prince of the Marsi who had subjugated himself to the Romans and who betrayed to Germanicus [2] in AD 15 the hiding place of the eagle standard of one of the fallen legions of Quinctilius Varus (Tac. Ann. 2,25). Spickermann, Wolfgang (Bochum)

Antinum

(45 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart)
[German version] Town of the  Marsi (CIL IX 3839; 3845) on the upper reaches of the  Liris, modern Cività d'Antino. In the Roman imperial age, it was a municipium of the tribus Sergia. Remains of the town walls (polygonal stonework). Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart)

Silo

(38 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, in the Republican period of the leader of the Marsi Q. Poppaedius S., in the Imperial period in the Larcii and Pompeii families. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FCIR, 268  Kajanto, Cognomina, 118; 237.

Lacus Fucinus

(190 words)

Author(s): Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Bove, Annalisa (Pisa)
[German version] A lake that often overflows because it has no outlet (155 km2, 655 m above sea level) in the area of the Marsi between Sulmona and the national park of Abruzzo. Caesar contemplated draining it (Suet. Iul. 44), Augustus prevented it (Suet. Claud. 20), Claudius realized it in part by laying a 5.65 km long drainage to the Liris (Suet. Claud. 20f.), under Nero the project was stopped (Plin. HN 36,124). According to CIL IX 3915, renewed flooding in AD 117 made it necessary to reclaim the borderin…

Gambrivi

(84 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Germanic tribe that Str. 7,1,3 counts among the weaker tribes, together with the Cherusci, Chatti and Chattuari. A version of the Mannus-genealogy ( Herminones) ranked the G., together with the Marsi, Suebi and Vandili, among the original Germanic tribes (Tac. Germ. 2,2). A connection with the Sugambri seems to be linguistically indicated, but the fact that Str. loc. cit. mentions both names in the same context argues against their being identical. Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography G. Neumann, D. Timpe, s.v. G., RGA 10, 406-409.

Angitia

(80 words)

Author(s): Versnel, Hendrik S. (Warmond)
[German version] Goddess of the Marsi, after whom Lucus Angitia (Verg. Aen. 7,759) on the shore of Lake Fucinus is named. Servius' interpretation is as poor as his etymology (Aen. 7,750). A. was regarded as a goddess helpful especially against poisonous snakes, as is evident from Verg. Aen. 7,750 and Gellius in Solin.2,27 ff. The name in Paelignian is Anaceta, Anceta, Anacta; in Oscan, Anagtia. Versnel, Hendrik S. (Warmond) Bibliography Radke, 65 f. G. Wissowa, Religion und Kultus der Römer, 21912, 49.

Marruvium

(350 words)

Author(s): Gulletta, Maria Ida (Pisa)
[German version] (Μαρούιον; Maroúion). Vicus, later municipium, in Central Italy on the lacus Fucinus with a harbour settlement on the Aternus, modern S. Benedetto dei Marsi. Inhabited by Sabellian Marrubii or Marsi [2. 76], it was, from the 2nd cent. BC, dominant among its surrounding settlements (Str. 5,4,2; Sil. Pun. 8,510), and wealthy (Plin. HN 3,106). Various etymologies are cited for the place name [8]: the sea (Serv. Aen. 7,750), an eponymous commander (Cato in Prisc. 2,487,10; Serv. Aen. 7,75…

Hernici

(186 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Italian people in Latium on the  Liris and its tributary Trerus or Tolerus (modern Sacco); here lay Anagnia, Ferentinum and Frusino on the via Latina, and further inland Verulae, Aletrium and Capitulum Hernicum. Possibly attested from the beginning of the Iron Age, they appear to have been the oldest Italian people who immigrated to Latium, possibly in connection with the migrations of the Sabini (Serv. Aen. 7,684) or Marsi (Paul Fest. 89 L.). Laevus Cispius of Anagnia supported Tullus Hostilius against …

Chamavi

(170 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Germanic tribe (of uncertain etymology); they preceded the Tubantes and Usipetes as inhabitants of land on the lower Rhine, which was later to become Roman military land (Tac. Ann. 13,55,2); before 12 BC they lived east of the Tencteri, west of the  Bructeri and north of the Marsi (cf. the early medieval district of ‘Hamaland’ around Deventer between IJssel and Rhine). After the defeat of the Bructeri in AD 98, the C. from the west began to settle in the Bructeri's former territor…

Marrucini

(163 words)

Author(s): Bove, Annalisa (Pisa)
[German version] Sabellian tribe of the Adriatic coast on the lower course of the Aternus (Ptol. 3,1,20), with the main settlement at Teate (Plin. HN 3,106; also Teate Marrucinorum, CIL VI 2379, and Teate Marrucino, Itin. Anton. 310), modern Chieti; neighbours of the Vestini, Paeligni and Frentani (Str. 5,4,2). In 304 BC, they concluded a peace treaty with Rome and an alliance (Liv. 9,45,18), which they upheld until the outbreak of the Social War [3] (91 BC) (App. B Civ. 1,39). Together with the Vestini, Marsi and Frentani, the …

Paeligni

(344 words)

Author(s): de Vido, Stefania (Venice)
[German version] Italian tribe in the Appennines midway along the river Aternus in the neighbourhood of the Vestini, Marrucini, Marsi [1] and Frentani (Str. 5,2,1; 5,3,4; 5,3,11; Liv. 9,19,4; 26,11,11). They inhabited a cold (Hor. Carm. 3,19,8; Ov. Tr. 4,10,3) and water-rich mountain region (Ov. Am. 2,1,1). Together with the Vestini they had access to the sea by means of the Aternus (Str. 5,4,2); moreover the coast around Hortona and the mouth of the Sarus (Ptol. 3,1,19) were also regarded as Pael…

Vesuna

(184 words)

Author(s): Haase, Mareile (Toronto)
[German version] Italic goddess. Cults are recorded by votive inscriptions in the territory of the Marsi [1] (Vetter, no. 223, from Antinum; no. 228b, 'at Milonia'). In the Umbrian Tabulae Iguvinae III/IV (Iguvium), she is the object of sacrificial activities and prayers, together with Pomonus Popdicus, a god of fruits and perhaps of the annual cycle [1. 497]. A (hierarchical) relationship with this god also becomes clear in the formulation of the name ( Vesune Puemunes Pupřikes, 'V. (dative singular) of P. P.') and is conditioned by the role of the deity in the conte…

Poppaedius

(220 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] (also attested epigraphically as Popaedius). Italian family name, possibly of Etruscan origin [2. 367]. It is well-known from Q. P. Silo, leader of the Marsi [1] in the Social War (Social Wars [3])of 90-88 BC and, with C. Papius [I 4] Mutilus, one of the two commanders-in-chief of the secessionists (Diod. Sic. 37,2,6; Str. 5,4,2; Liv. Per. 76 et passim; coins: [3; 4]). As a guest-friend of the people's tribune M. Livius [I 7] Drusus, he regarded the latter's murder as grounds for an uprising of the socii. As commander of the northern army, P. after fruitless nego…

Hirpini

(252 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Samnite tribe in Samnium from mons Taburnus to the valleys of Volturnus, Calor, the upper Aufidus as far as mons Vultur. The name H. probably derives from that of the wolf ( hirpus), holy to the H., which was said to have led the H. into their area of settlement from the north (Str. 5,4,12). During the Iron Age, they are represented by the Cairano culture and the Fossa culture of Caudium. The area of the H. encompassed Caudium, Malventum, Aeculanum, Romulea, Aquilonia [2] and Compsa, as well as the Abellinates, …

Aequi

(240 words)

Author(s): Marasco, Gabriele (Pisa)
[German version] Oscan Samnite tribe in central Italy between  Latini,  Marsi, and  Hernici. In the 5th and 4th cents. BC, the A. fought against Rome. They occupied Latin towns and attempted to gain control of the Algido valley where, in 458 BC, they encircled the army of the consul L. Minucius, but were defeated by  Cincinnatus (Liv. 3,25-29; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 10,22-25). In 431 BC, they suffered defeat at the hand of the dictator A. Postumius Tubertus (Liv. 4,27-29; Diod. Sic. 12,64; Plut. Cam…

Novensides, Di.

(514 words)

Author(s): Bendlin, Andreas (Erfurt)
[German version] A group of deities whose worship is reflected in the inscriptions of Marruvium (Vetter no. 225 = [1. 43-47 no. 36]: esos nouesede, 3rd cent. BC) and Pisaurum (CIL XI 6297 = ILLRP 20: deiu no[ u] esede, 3rd/2nd cents. BC). Calpurnius Piso (fr. 45 HRR = 35 Forsythe) claims the origin and cult of the Di Novensides lie in the Sabine town of Trebula Mutuesca. Together with the Di Indigetes (see below) and other divinities the Di Novensides (as divi Novensiles; the ending in -ilis is probably secondary) are invoked in the devotional formula of P. Decius [I 1] Mus in 34…

Samnites, Samnium

(1,710 words)

Author(s): Vanotti, Gabriella (Novara)
[German version] I. Name, ethnos, geography The S. called their country Safinim, and themselves probably Safineis (inscriptions: Vetter 149; coins: [1. 149 f.]); the Greeks, respectively, Saunîtis (Σαυνῖτις, Pol. 3,90,7) and Saunîtai (Σαυνῖται, Philistus FGrH 556 F 41 f.; according to Fest. 436 L, derived from saúnion, 'spear'); the Romans called them S. (ILS 1). While etymologically related, these terms do not have the same geographical meaning. Common to Safineis and the ethnics Sabini and Sabelli is the Indo-European root * Sabh (cf. the god Sabus, Cato HRR fr. 50 f.).…
▲   Back to top   ▲