Search

Your search for 'Ẓafarnama' returned 298 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Ẓafarnāma

(5,840 words)

Author(s): Louis E. Fenech
The Sikh Ẓafarnāma (Epistle of Victory) is a short Persian narrative poem (a ma nav ī) in epistolary form and Gurmukhi script that is included in the Dasam Granth (Book of the Tenth [Gurū…
Date: 2017-11-17

Sharaf al-Dīn ʿAlī Yazdī

(254 words)

Author(s): Krauss-Sánchez, Heidi R.
d. 858 ah (1454 ad). Persia. Poet and historian, a native of the Muzaffarid capital of Yazd. Author of the Zafar-nāma [Book of Victory].Sharaf al-Dīn ʿAlī Yazdī served under several Tīmūrid rulers and princes. He was a favourite of Shāh Rukh, who ruled over Persia and Transoxania (1405-47). During his service to the Tīmūrid prince Mīrzā Sultān Muḥammad he became involved in the 1447 rebellion of the prince, which almost cost him his life. After the death of Shāh Rukh he retired to Yazd.His Zafar-nāma on the legendary conqueror Tīmūr (known in the west as Tamerlane 1336-1405) is…
Date: 2016-10-17

S̲h̲āmī, Niẓām al-Dīn

(339 words)

Author(s): Jackson, P.
(or Niẓām-i S̲h̲āmī), Persian littérateur and chronicler of the late 8th/14th-early 9th/15th centuries. His nisba (S̲h̲āmī < S̲h̲anbī) suggests that he was born in S̲h̲anb-i G̲h̲āzānī, a suburb of Tabrīz. When on 20 S̲h̲awwāl 795/29 August 1393 Tīmūr-i Lang arrived before Bag̲h̲dād, S̲h̲āmī tells us, he was the first of its inhabitants to come and submit to him ( Ẓafar-nāma , i, 139). On his way to the Ḥid̲j̲āz not long before the conqueror’s attack on Aleppo in 803/1400, S̲h̲āmī was detained by the authorities in Aleppo, who suspec…

Čag̲h̲ān-Rūd

(54 words)

Author(s): Barthold, W.
, a tributary of the Oxus, now called Surk̲h̲an. The name (apparently of pre-Muḥammadan origin, cf. Čag̲h̲āniyān) is mentioned in the Ḥudūd al-ʿĀlam (Cod. Tumanski, 9a et seq

S̲h̲āmī, Niẓām al-Dīn

(351 words)

Author(s): Jackson, P.
(ou Niẓām-i S̲h̲āmī), homme de lettres et chroniqueur persan de la fin du VIIIe/XIVe-début du IXe/XVe siècles. Sa nisba (S̲h̲anbī < S̲h̲āmī) donne à penser qu’il naquit à S̲h̲anb-i G̲h̲āzānī, faubourg de Tabrīz. Lorsque le 20 s̲h̲awwāl 795/29 août 1393 Tīmūr arriva devant Bag̲h̲dād. nous dit S̲h̲āmī, il fut le premier des habitants à aller se soumettre à lui ( Ẓafar-nāma, I, 139). Sur le chemin d…

Dar-i Āhanīn

(305 words)

Author(s): Frye, R.N.
Persian “the iron gate”, also called Derbend-i Āhanīn. The Arabic form is Bāb al-Ḥadīd , old Turkish Tämir qapiy. A name used for various passes in the eastern Islamic world. The most famous pass called dar-i āhanīn , is the pass in Mā warāʾ al-Nahr (Transoxiana), in the Baysuntau Mountain Range near the modern village of Derbent located on the old road between Samarḳand and Tirmid̲h̲.…

Dar-i Āhanīn

(282 words)

Author(s): Frye, R.N.
(p.) «porte de fer», et aussi Derbend-i āhanīn (ar. Bāb al-ḥadīd; turc ancien Tämir qapiy), nom de divers cols du monde islamique oriental. Le plus célèbre est celui du Mā warāʾ al-Nahr …

Hātifī

(286 words)

Author(s): Huart, Cl. | Massé, H.
, ʿAbd allāh , Persian poet, son of Ḏj̲āmī’s sister, born in K̲h̲ard̲j̲ird in the district of Ḏj̲ām, a dependency of Herāt, died in 927/1521. He wrote a Timūr-nāma , an epic known also as Ẓafarnāma (lith. Lucknow 1869), on the subject of Tīmūr’s conquests. He had planned to write a K̲h̲amsa . a collection of five long poems, but this work he was unable to complete; of it we possess a S̲h̲īrīn and Farhād , a charming Laylī and Mad̲j̲nūn (ed. W. Jones, Calcutta 1788) and a Haft manẓar on the model of the Haft paykar of Niẓāmī. He was influenced by this poet (though not …

Ṣāḥib Ḳirān

(228 words)

Author(s): Haig, T.W.
(a. and p.), a title meaning “Lord of the (auspicious) conjunction”. Ḳirān means a conjunction of the planets, ḳirān al-saʿdayn [see al-saʿdān ] a conjunction of the two auspicious planets (Jupiter and Venus), and ḳirān al-naḥsayn a conjunction of the two inauspicious planets (Saturn and Mars). In the title, the word refers, of course, to the former only. The Persian i of the iḍāfa is omitted, as in ṣāḥib-dil , by fakk-i iḍāfa. The title was first assumed by the Amīr Tīmūr, who is said to have been born under a fortunate conjunction, but with whom its assumption was…

Ṣāḥib Ḳirān

(218 words)

Author(s): Haig, T. W.
(a. et p.), titre signifiant «Seigneur de la Conjonction (favorable)», Ḳirān désigne une conjonction de planètes; ḳirān al-saʿdayn [voir al-Saʿdān], la conjonction de deux planètes favorables (Jupiter et Vénus), et ḳirān al-naḥsayn la conjonction de deux planètes défavorables (Saturne et Mars). Dans le titre en question, la formule représente évidemment la première. Le i de l’ iḍāfa persane est omis, comme dans ṣāḥib-dil, en vertu du fakk-i iḍāfa. Le titre fut porté d’abord par l’ amīr Tīmūr, que l’on disait né sous une conjonction favorable, mais pour lequel il s’agis…

K̲h̲ān-zāda Bēgam

(142 words)

Author(s): Boyle, J.A.
, titre (= princesse) de Sevin Beg, petite-fille d’Özbeg, chef de la Horde d’Or, qui épousa successivement Ḏj̲ahāngīr, l’aîné, et Mīrāns̲h̲āh, le troisième des fils de Tīmūr. Après l’accès de folie de Mīrāns̲h̲āh à Tabrīz, elle se rendit à Samarḳand pour rendre compte à Tīmūr de la conduite de son époux. Dawlats̲h̲āh raconte son entrevue avec son beau-père «avec des détails colorés qui ne figurent pas dans les autres sources et ne peuvent guère être vrais». (J.A. Boyle) Bibliography Ibn ʿArabs̲h̲āh, ʿAd̲j̲āʾib al-maḳdūr fī nawāʾib Tīmūr, Caire 1305/1887-8 S̲h̲araf al-dīn ʿAlī Yazdī, Ẓa…

S̲h̲araf al-Dīn ʿAlī Yazdī

(314 words)

Author(s): Bosworth, C.E.
, Persian historian and poet of the Tīmūrid period, born at Yazd, died in 858/1454. He was a favourite of the Tīmūrid ruler S̲h̲āh Ruk̲h̲ [ q.v.] and of his son Mīrzā Abu ’l-Fatḥ Ibrāhīm Sulṭān, governor of Fārs, and in 832/1429 became tutor to the captured young Čingizid Yūnus K̲h̲ān. to whom he dedicated many poems. He was then in the service of the Tīmūrid prince Mīrzā Sulṭān Muḥammad in ʿIrāḳ ʿAd̲j̲amī or western Persia, and narrowly escaped death when that prince rebelled in 850/1447. After S̲h̲āh Ruk̲h̲’s death he …

Hātifī

(267 words)

Author(s): Huart, Cl. | Massé, H.
, ʿAbd Allāh, poète persan, fils de la sœur de Ḏj̲āmī, né à Ḵh̲ard̲j̲ird dans le district de Ḏj̲ām, dépendant de Hérat, mort en 927/1521. Il a écrit, sur les conquêtes de Tīmūr, un Tīmūr-nāma, épopée nommée aussi Ẓafar-nāma (11th. Lucknow 1869). Il avait formé le projet …

Toḳtami̊s̲h̲

(1,878 words)

Author(s): Barthold, W.
, also written Tok̲h̲tami̊s̲h̲ (e. g. regularly in Russian annals), Ḵh̲ān of the Golden Horde. The reading Tuḳātmīs̲h̲ described as correct by E. G. Browne ( Persian Literature under Tartar Dominion, Cambridge 1920, p. 583 ¶ probably on the authority of the lines quoted on p. 328) is contradicted by the reading in many manuscripts and on the Uig̲h̲ur coins and documents; for example Ibn ʿArabs̲h̲āh (Egypt. ed., p. 14 and pass.) regularly writes Toḳtāmīs̲h̲-Ḵh̲ān. The acc…

al-Ḳazwīnī

(1,513 words)

Author(s): Büchner, V. F.
, Ḥamd Allāh b. Abī Bakr b. Aḥmad b. Naṣr al-Mustawfī al-Ḳazwīnī, a Persian geographer and historian. He belonged to au old family of Ḳazwīn of which he himself ( Tārīk̲h̲-i Guzīda, ed. Browne, p. 839—842, 848) gives a full account. It was a S̲h̲īʿī family, which traced its descent from Ḥurr b. Yazīd al-Riyāḥī who fought at Karbalāʾ and had held the governors…

Kāt̲h̲

(563 words)

Author(s): Barthold, W.
, the ancient capital of Ḵh̲wārizm, the modern Ḵh̲īva; according to Yāḳūt, Muʿd̲j̲am, ed. Wüstenfeld, iv. 222, the name meant a wall ( ḥāʾiṭ) in the desert in the language of the Ḵh̲wārizmīs, even if there were no buildings within this. The fullest accounts of…

ʿUmar-S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ Mīrzā

(458 words)

Author(s): Thackston, W.M.
, the name of two Tīmūrid princes. 1. ʿUmar-S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ Mīrzā I, usually given as the eldest son of Amīr Tīmūr and said to have been born in 1354. He receives scattered notices in the histories of Tīmūr, such as S̲h̲araf al-Dīn ʿAlī Yazdī’s

Ḥamd Allāh b. Abī Bakr b. Aḥmād b. Naṣr al-Mustawfī al-Ḳazwīnī

(469 words)

Author(s): Spuler, B.
, Persian historian and geographer, born about 680/1281-2 at Ḳazwīn, d. after 740/1339-40. He came of a S̲h̲īʿī family which had provided a series of governors of Ḳazwīn in the 3rd/9th and 4th/10th centuries. His great-grandfather had been the Auditor-General of ʿIrāḳ and the family had since then borne the appellation Mustawfī. Ḥamd Allāh was appointed financial director of his home town and of several neighbouring districts by the well-known minister and historian Ras̲h̲īd al-Dīn [ q.v.
▲   Back to top   ▲