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Aquileia

(498 words)

Author(s): Heucke, Clemens (Munich) | Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] [1] The modern Aquileia, northern Italy This item can be found on the following maps: Socii (Roman confederation) | Caesar | Venetic | Christianity | Wine | | Coloniae | Coloniae | Commerce | Pannonia | Punic Wars | Raeti, Raetia | Regio, regiones | Rome | Batavian Revolt The present-day town of A. in upper Italy, between  Natiso and Alsa (Plin. HN 3,126), c. 10 km from the Adria (Str. 5,1,8). The name is more likely to be derived from a river name (Zos. 5,29,4) than from an eagle in flight (Julian Or. 2,72 a). Attempts by the Gauls in 186 BC …

Aquileia

(109 words)

Author(s): P. Vodosek
Die Bibl, des Kapitels im 1751 aufgehobenen Patriarchat besaß einen bedeutenden Bestand überwiegend liturgischer Hss., von denen sich jetzt einzelne in verschiedenen ital. Bibl.en (Cividale, Padua, Udine, Verona) befinden. Bes. genannt sei der Codex Rehdigera-nus, heute in der SBPrK Berlin. P. Vodosek Bibliography Bethmann, L.: Nachrichten über die für die Mon. Germ. hist, benutzten Sammlungen von Handschriften und Urkunden Italiens aus dem Jahre 1854. In: Archiv der Ges. für ältere dt. Geschichtskunde 12. 1874, S. 685–686 Gottlieb, Th.: Über mittelalterliche Bibliotheke…

Aquileia

(449 words)

Author(s): Heucke, Clemens (München) | Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[English version] [1] h. Aquileia, in Oberitalien Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Bataveraufstand | Bundesgenossensystem | Caesar | Christentum | Coloniae | Coloniae | Handel | Pannonia | Punische Kriege | Raeti, Raetia | Regio, regiones | Roma | Venetisch | Wein | Straßen das h. A. in Oberit., zw. Natiso und Alsa (Plin. nat. 3,126), ca. 10 km von der Adria entfernt (Strab. 5,1,8). Der Name erklärt sich eher mit einem Flußnamen (Zos. 5,29,4) als mit Adlerflug (Iul. or. 2,72 a). Versuche von Galliern, 186 v. Chr. hier zu sie…

Aquileia

(553 words)

Author(s): Krahwinkler, Harald
[German Version] was founded as a Roman colony in 181 bce. An episcopal see was established probably around the middle of the 3rd century. According to legend, the evangelist Mark founded the Christian community and Hermagoras was its first bishop. Soon after Constantine's edict of toleration, a Bishop Theodorus of Aquileia was present at the Council of Arles. He was …

Aquileia

(422 words)

Author(s): Krahwinkler, H.
[English Version] wurde 181 v.Chr. als latinische Kolonie gegründet. Die Gründung eines Bistums erfolgte wohl um die Mitte des 3.Jh. Der Legende nach gilt der Evangelist Markus als Gründer, Hermagoras als erster Bf. Bald nach Konstantins Toleranzedikt ist auf dem Konzil von Arles 314 ein Bf. Theodorus von A. bezeugt. Auf ihn geht ein frühchristl. Kirchenbau in A. zurück. Bf. Fortunatianus errichtete ein größeres, dreischiffiges Gotteshaus (um 345). Die Synode von A. 381 wehrte arianische Strömung…

SEG 50-1036. Aquileia. Greeks in Aquileia.

(1,099 words)

Author(s): Chaniotis, A. | Stroud, R.S. | Strubbe, J.H.M.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry L.Boffo in Miscellanea Gasperini 117-133, studies the Greek inscriptions from Aquileia (ca. 80 of a total of ca. 4,000; 1st-5th cent. A.D.) as conscious expressions of Greek civ…

SEG 53-1069. Aquileia. Orientals in Aquileia.

(154 words)

Author(s): Chaniotis, A. | Corsten, T. | Stroud, R.S. | Tybout, R.A.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry L.Boffo in G.Cuscito (ed.), Aquileia dalle origini alia costituzione del ducato longobardo: storia - amministrazione - società. Atti della XXXIII settimana di studi aquileiesi, …

Rufinus of Aquileia

(693 words)

Author(s): Lössl, Josef
ca 345-412 ad. Italy, Palestine, Egypt. Monk and ecclesiastical writer in Latin. Born in Concordia near Aquileia, Tyrannius Rufinus studied grammar and rhetoric in Rome. One of his fellow students was Jerome, who became a close friend, and, in the course of the Origenist controversy, an even closer enemy. From 373 to 380 Rufinus went to Palestine and Egypt, where he visited monastic communities and studied the Bible and Origen. In 381 he founded a monastery on the Mount of Olives near Jerusalem. I…
Date: 2016-10-17

Aquileia, Synod of (381)

(102 words)

Author(s): Sieben, Hermann Josef
[German Version] The oldest extant council protocol (SC 267, 330–82): this synod was called as the Western counterpart of the imperial synod of Constantinople by Emperor Gratian, attended mainly by northern Italian bishops, and presided over by Ambrose of Milan; it condemned the two homoeans Paladius of Ratiaria and Secundianus of Singidunum. The legal foundation of the procedure, which was oriented toward the imperial cognition trial, was, at least indirectly, the fides Niceana, made imperial law on Feb 28, 380 (Nicea, Niceno-Constantinopolitanum). Hermann Josef Sieben Bibliogr…

Fortunatianus of Aquileia

(171 words)

Author(s): Vinzent, Markus
[German Version] (died before 370). According to Jerome, De viris illustribus 97, Fortunatianus was an African by birth and was bishop of Aquileia during the time of Emperor Constantius II. In 343 he participated in the Western Synod of Sardica (Homoeans). He was probably bringing the condemnation of Athanasius in Milan (355) and the second Sirmian formula of 357, which the exiled Liberius among others thus signed. Jerome, Ep. 10 (CSEL 54, 37) refers to Fortunatianus's Gospel commentaries (spiritualizing and allegorical pieces that concentrate on the meanings of…

Aquileia, Synode von 381,

(103 words)

Author(s): Sieben, H.J.
[English Version] ältestes erhaltenes Konzilsprotokoll überhaupt (SC 267, 330–382): die als westliches Gegenstück zur Reichssynode von Konstantinopel von Kaiser Gratian einberufene, hauptsächlich von oberital. Bischöfen besuchte und von Ambrosius von Mailand beherrschte Synode verurteilte die beiden Homöer Palladius von Ratiaria und Secundianus von Singidunum. Rechtliche Grundlage des am kaiserlichen Kognitionsprozeß orientierten Verfahrens war, zumindest mittelbar, die zum Reichsgesetz (28.2.380…

Paulinus of Aquileia (Saint)

(137 words)

Author(s): Hartmann, Martina
[German Version] (II; before 750, Friuli –Jan 11, 802, Cividale), patriarch of Aquileia from c. 782, came to the court of Charlemagne (c. 776) as a famous grammarian, and became a friend of Alcuin. As a theologian he joined Alcuin in fighting Spanish adoptionism, and wrote three books against Felix of Urgel ( Contra Felicem libri tres, c. 800). At the Synod of Cividale in 796/797 he spoke in favor of adding the Filioque to the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed. In the mission to the Avars and Slavs (Slavic missions), he stressed the priority of Chris…

Rufinus of Aquileia

(1,724 words)

Author(s): Fernández, Samuel
Turranius Rufinus Concordiae (not Tyrannius, which is an ironical deformation of Jer. Ruf. 1.1) was born in Iulia Concordia about 345 CE (Jer. Ep.. 5.2; Vir. ill. 53; Ruf. 2.2). He belonged to a noble family (Pall. Hel. Hist. 46). Although Rufinus himself does not provide information about his studies, his own works reflect a fine classical education. He likely received instruction in Rome together with Jerome. Around the year 371 CE, Rufinus was already baptized after having been educated by the then presbyter Chromatius of Aquilei…
Date: 2019-03-25

Chromatius of Aquileia

(1,626 words)

Author(s): | Boddens Hosang, F.J. Elizabeth
Chromatius was born around 335 or 340 CE (d. 407 CE), probably at Aquileia, a north Italian city on the Adriatic coast. The town was of strategic importance during the later Roman Empire and an important seat of the western church. Legend has it that the apostle Mark came to the city, although the earliest Christian evidence dates from the 3rd century CE. In the course of the 4th century CE, the city became the chief ecclesiastical center for this region, later known as Venetia and Istria. In 38…
Date: 2019-03-25

SEG 47-1471. Aquileia. Corpus.

(410 words)

Author(s): Chaniotis, A. | Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S. | Strubbe, J.H.M.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry C.Zaccaria - C.Gomezel (edd.), ‘ Notiziario epigrafico - Le fonti antiche epigrafiche, letterarie e numismatiche della regione Alpe - Adria. Atti della III Tavola Rotonda Internaz…

SEG 42-892bis. Aquileia. Corpus.

(94 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S. | Strubbe, J.H.M.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Cf. J.B.Brusin, Inscriptiones Aquileiae, vol. I, II and III (Udine 1991; 1992; 1993), for numerous Greek inscriptions. We shall return to these volumes in SEG XLIII. Bibliography J.B. Brusin, Inscription…

SEG 44-800. Aquileia. Corpus.

(251 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S. | Strubbe, J.H.M.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry SEG 43 641. A.Ferrua, RAC 70 (1994) 161-180, reviews this Corpus. On 163 he points out that CIL V 1624 ( IG XIV 2350) escaped Brusin’s attention [probably not included on account of its provenanc…

SEG 43-641. Aquileia. Corpus.

(732 words)

Author(s): Pleket, H.W. | Stroud, R.S. | Strubbe, J.H.M.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry Cf. SEG 42 892bis. In J.B.Brusin, Inscriptiones Aquileiae vol. I-III (Pubblicazioni della Deputazione di Storia Patria per il Friuli, 20; Udine 1991-1993) there are numerous Greek i…

SEG 52-946. Aquileia. The Greek inscriptions.

(124 words)

Author(s): Chaniotis, A. | Corsten, T. | Stroud, R.S. | Tybout, R.A.
⇐ Previous Browse ⇑ Next ⇒ Entry L.Boffo, AN 73 (2002) [2003] 561-566, repeats, in a more concise form, her observations concerning the corpus of Greek inscriptions from Aquileia as an expression of Greek ide…
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