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Nauplia

(433 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Niehoff, Johannes (Freiburg)
(Ναυπλία/ Nauplía, Byzantine τὸ Ναύπλιον/ tò Naúplion or τὸ Ἀνάπλι/ tò Anápli, present-day Nafplio). [German version] I. Position Port on a rocky peninsula near the Kolpos Argolikos (Str. 8,2,2; Scyl. 49; 6,11; Ptol. 3,16,11) on the northern slope of the town’s mountain, Akronafplia (formerly Iç Kale, 85m high). Greater parts of the Hellenistic acropolis wall lie under the later Byzantine- Venetian- Turkish fort. It lies to the north-west of the Palamidi (215 m high) which is surmounted by a fortress built by the Venetians in 1711-1714. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Olshausen, Eckart (Stutt…

Nauplia

(355 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Niehoff, Johannes (Freiburg)
(Ναυπλία, byz. τὸ Ναύπλιον oder τὸ Ἀνάπλι, h. Nafplio). [English version] I. Lage Hafenstadt auf felsiger Halbinsel am Kolpos Argolikos (Strab. 8,2,2; Skyl. 49; 6,11; Ptol. 3,16,11) am Nordhang des Stadtbergs Akronafplio (ehemals Iç Kale, 85 m H) mit größeren Teilen der hell. Akropolismauer unter der späteren byz.-venezianisch-türkischen Festung, nordwestl. des Palamidhi (215 m H) mit der 1711-1714 von den Venezianern erbauten Festung. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) [English version] II. Entwicklung bis in spätantike Zeit Vom Neolithikum an sind Si…

Nauplios

(223 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Ναύπλιος). [English version] [1] Gründungsheros von Nauplia Sohn des Poseidon und der Amymone, gründet von seiner Geburtsstadt Argos aus die Stadt Nauplia (Paus. 2,38,2; 4,35,2) jenseits des argolischen Golfes. Er ist ein berühmter Seemann und stellt den Prototyp des Händlerkapitäns dar, der mit Sklaven handelt. Als Herakles Auge [2] verführt, bittet ihr Vater Aleos [1] von Tegea, N. möge Auge ertränken oder verkaufen. Er verkauft sie an Teuthras. Später bittet ihn der kretische König Katreus, seine T…

Nauplius

(239 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Ναύπλιος; Naúplios). [German version] [1] Hero who founded Nauplia Son of Poseidon and Amymone. Born in Argos, he founded Nauplia (Paus. 2,38,2; 4,35,2) on the other side of the Gulf of Argolis. He was a famous sailor and represented the prototype of the slave-trading merchant captain. When Heracles seduces Auge [2] , her father Aleus [1] of Tegea, asks N. to either drown Auge or sell her. He sells her to Teuthras. Later the Cretan king Catreus asks him to sell his daughters Aërope and Clymene [5]. He s…

Canathus

(51 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[German version] (Κάναθος; Kánathos). The spring in which, according to Argive legend, Hera bathed once a year to restore her virginity (Paus. 2,38,2); probably the large spring in the monastery of Hagia Moni, 2 km east of Nauplia. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Bibliography J. G. Frazer, Pausanias's Description of Greece 3, 21913, 304f.

Kanathos

(45 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[English version] (Κάναθος). Quelle, in der Hera nach argivischer Legende durch jährliches Bad ihre Jungfräulichkeit zurückgewann (Paus. 2,38,2); wohl die h. große Quelle im Kloster Hagios Moni 2 km östl. von Nauplia. Lafond, Yves (Bochum) Bibliography J.G. Frazer, Pausanias's Description of Greece 3, 21913, 304f.

Calaurea

(207 words)

Author(s): Kalcyk, Hansjörg (Petershausen)
[German version] (Καλαύρεια; Kalaúreia). Island in the south of the Saronic Gulf off the coast of the Argive Acte (21 km2, up to a height of 283 m), modern Poros. Grave finds have verified that the island was already inhabited in Mycenaean times [1. 297ff.]. The ancient town with its famous  Poseidon sanctuary (right of asylum) -- partially extant and excavated -- was situated in the interior of the island. The earliest finds from the sanctuary date back to the geometric period; the temple was built at the end of …

Kalaureia

(189 words)

Author(s): Kalcyk, Hansjörg (Petershausen)
[English version] (Καλαύρεια). Insel im Süden des Saronischen Golfs an der Küste der argolischen Akte (21 km2, bis zu 283 m H), h. Poros. Eine Besiedlung schon in myk. Zeit ist durch Grabfunde erwiesen [1. 297ff.]. Die ant. Stadt mit berühmtem Poseidon-Heiligtum (Asylrecht) - z.T. erh. und ausgegraben - lag im Inneren der Insel. Die frühesten Funde aus dem Heiligtum datieren in die geom. Zeit; der Tempel stammt vom E. des 6. Jh., im 5./4. Jh.v.Chr. kam es zum weiteren Ausbau. K. war Zentrum einer alten Amphikt…

Argolis

(590 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg)
(Argeioi; Ἀργολίς, Ἀργεῖοι). Heute übliche Gesamtbezeichnung der nordöstl. Landschaft der Peloponnesos, bestehend aus der argiv. Ebene mit ihren Randgebieten und der gebirgigen argolischen Akte. Auch im Alt. wurde A. im h. Sinn gebraucht neben der gewöhnlichen Form des Ethnikons Ἀργεῖα, das meist ausschließlich das Gebiet von Argos meint (Plut. Agesilaos 31). Die ganze Landschaft gehört nach Landschaftscharakter und Klima zur ostgriech. Trockenzone (πολυδίψιον Ἄργος: Hom. Il 4,171). Die A. war b…

Argolid

(641 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg)
(Argives; Ἀργολίς, Ἀργεῖοι; Argolís, Argeîoi). By modern common practice collective name for the north-eastern region of the  Peloponnese, consisting of the Argive plains and its fringes and the mountainous Argolic Acte. In ancient times, too, the term A. was used in the modern sense, parallel with the more common form of the ethnic Ἀργεῖα ( Argeîa), which was mostly exclusively restricted to the territory of  Argos (Plut. Ages. 31). In its landscape and climate, the entire region is part of the arid zone of eastern Greece (πολυδίψιον Ἄργος: Hom. Il…

Inachus

(283 words)

Author(s): Bloch, René (Berne) | Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
(Ἴναχος; Ínachos; etymology unresolved). [German version] [1] Progenitor of the Argive royal house Son of  Oceanus and of  Tethys, who gave the main river of  Argus [II] and of  Argolis their names (schol. Eur. Or. 932). First king of Argus (Acusilaus, FGrH 2 F 23c) and progenitor of the Argive kings and heroes (‘Inachids’: Eur. IA 1088). In the argument between Poseidon and Hera about Argus, I. decides in favour of the goddess and introduces her cult, which causes Poseidon to dry up his river (Paus. 2,15,4-…

Inachos

(269 words)

Author(s): Bloch, René (Princeton) | Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
(Ἴναχος; Etym. ungeklärt). [English version] [1] Stammvater des argiv. Königshauses Sohn des Okeanos und der Tethys, welcher dem Hauptfluß von Argos [II] und der Argolis den Namen gab (schol. Eur. Or. 932). Erster König von Argos (Akusilaos, FGrH 2 F 23c) und Stammvater der argiv. Könige und Helden (“Inachiden”: Eur. Iph. A. 1088). Im Streit zwischen Poseidon und Hera um Argos entscheidet I. zugunsten der Göttin und führt deren Kult ein, weshalb Poseidon den Fluß trockenlegt (Paus. 2,15,4-5). I.' Frau ist…

Anabolu

(1,059 words)

Author(s): Kiel, Machiel
Anabolu (Gr. Nauplia) is a small harbour on the east coast of the Peloponnese (Morea) in the Argolian Gulf, situated on a rocky promontory dominated by Mount Palamidi. A Venetian town from 791/1389, it was an important site in a series of battles between the Ottomans and the Venetians for control of the Morea throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Allegedly founded by Nauplios, one of the sons of Neptune, Nauplia was of little significance in antiquity. A small Byzantine settlement was situated on the rocky plateau of Akronauplia. It was in…
Date: 2021-07-19

Nauplion

(1,416 words)

Author(s): Savvides, A.
(Grec class. Nauplia, grec dial. Anāpli(on), lat. Anapoli Romanias, ital. Napoli di Romania, arab. Anaboli, turc Anabolu/Inebolu), ville côtière et chef-lieu du nomos (diocèse) d’Argolide, dans le Nord-est de la Morée [voir Mora] ou Péloponnèse, à 13 km au Sud-est d’Argos (turc Arhos). Refuge commode pour les marins, il est situé à l’extrémité du golfe d’Argolide, sur le versant occidental de deux rochers à pic, l’Akronaupli (hellénistique/romain/byzantin/franc) c’est-à-dire le turc lé Kalʿe, formant une petite presqu’île dans…

Asine

(385 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
(Ἀσίνη; Asínē) [German version] [1] Prehistoric settlement in Kastraki This item can be found on the following maps: Dark Ages | Aegean Koine Important prehistoric settlement from the Early Helladic period, located on the rocky headland of Kastraki c. 8 km south-east of  Nauplia on the bay of Tolon; it was taken to be a town of the Dryopes ( Dryops) (Hdt. 8,73; Paus. 4,8,3; 34,9-12). In around 700 BC, the town was destroyed by  Argos [II 1], but the temple of  Apollo Pythaieus survived. Its inhabitants were resettled in Messenia by …

Asine

(335 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum)
[English version] [1] prähistor. Siedlung auf dem Kastraki Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Ägäische Koine | Dunkle Jahrhunderte Bedeutende prähistor. Siedlung seit FH Zeit auf dem Felskap Kastraki ca. 8 km südöstl. von Nauplia an der Bucht von Tolon, galt als Stadt der Dryoper (Dryops) (Hdt. 8,73; Paus. 4,8,3; 34,9-12). Um 700 v.Chr. von Argos [II 1] zerstört; der Tempel des Apollon Pythaieus blieb erhalten. Die Bewohner wurden von Sparta in Messenia angesiedelt: A. [2]. Neugründung mit Stadt- und …

Nauplion

(2,079 words)

Author(s): Savvides, A.
(Class. Gk. Nauplīa, A. Anaboli, vern. Gk. Anāpli[on], Lat. Anapoli Romaniae, Ital. Napoli di Romania, Tk. AnaboluTnebolu), a coastal town and capital of Argolis nomos ( = diocese), in northeastern Morea [see mora ] or Peloponnesos, 13 km southeast of Argos (A. Arg̲h̲o, Tk. Arhos). A handy refuge for mariners, it is situated at the head of the Argolic Gulf, sitting on the northern slope of twin crags, the western Akronauplīa (Hellenistic/ Roman/Byzantine/Frankish), i.e. Tkish. Ič Ḳalʿe, forming a small peninsula in the bay, and…

Aḥmed III

(694 words)

Author(s): Huart, Cl.
, Ottoman sultan, succeeded his deposed brother Muṣṭafā II and was enthroned on the 10th Rabīʿ II 1115 (23d August 1703) at Adrianople. He immolated the persons the revolted Janizaries demanded, but as soon as he entered Constantinople he dismissed the Bostānd̲j̲i corps and replaced it by a levy (the last of that kind) of 1000 Christian boys. He had several Janizary chiefs executed or sent them into exile, and deposed the incapable Balṭad̲j̲i Muḥammed, whom he replaced by ʿAlī Pas̲h̲a of Čorlū (19th Muḥarram 118 = 3d May 1706). The Muntafiḳ ravaged the country around Baṣra and def…

Bāyazīd II

(658 words)

Author(s): Huart, Cl.
, Ottoman Sulṭān, son of Muḥammad II, was governor of Amasia at the ¶ time of his father’s death; a revolt of the Janissaries assured him the throne by foiling the intrigues of the Grand Vizier Nis̲h̲ānī Muḥammad who favoured Ḏj̲em, his younger brother; he rewarded their services by making them a gift on his accession which became a regular custom after him (21st Rabīʿ I 886 = 20th May 1481). Ḏj̲em seized Brusa but being beaten on the field of Yeni-S̲h̲ehr (26th Rabīʿ II = 20th June) he fled to Ḳōnia and then to Syria and Egypt; after a pilgrimage to the holy towns he tried his f…

Methone

(685 words)

Author(s): Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Meyer, Ernst (Zürich) | Kramolisch, Herwig (Eppelheim) | Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
(Μεθώνη/ Methṓnē, Μοθώνη/ Mothṓnē). [German version] [1] City on the west coast of Messana [2] This item can be found on the following maps: Sparta | Achaeans, Achaea | Macedonia, Macedones A city on the west coast of Messana [2]. Its indigenous name was Mothṓnē (Μοθώνη on coins), after the reef called Móthōn which rose in front of it; hence the medieval and modern name Modon, Mothoni, Methoni (Μεθώνη in Thuc. 2,25,1ff. and Strab. 8,4,3). There are few ancient remains: isolated bases of city walls under the Venetian fortress and the breakwater wa…
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