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Biblical Manuscripts

(5,487 words)

Author(s): Fischer, Georg | Welte, Michael | Köster, Beate
[German Version] I. Old Testament – II. New Testament – III. Full Manuscripts – IV. Suppplements I. Old Testament 1. State of scholarship – Overview. No original manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible have so far been discovered. The text has only been preserved in manuscripts copied by hand over many centuries. The first printings of the Hebrew Bible date to the end of the 15th century (1st full edition Soncino 1488). …


(282 words)

Author(s): Welte, Michael
[German Version] (4th cent.?), a Christian grammarian who published an edition of the Corpus Paulinum, Acts, and the Catholic Epistles arranged in paragraphs according to the rules of the Greek rhetorical school. His division into chapters (κεϕάλαια/ kephálaia) and verses (στíχοι/ stíchoi) simplified the liturgical reading of the biblical text written in scriptio continua. The individual lines were distinguished by smaller (κώλα/ kōla) and larger (κόμματα/ kommata) sections so that they could be read in one breath. Superscriptions for the chapters (τíτλοι/ títloi) and for the…