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Elbogen, Ismar

(189 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Sep 1, 1874, Schildberg, Posen – Aug 1, 1943, New York), Jewish historian and influential teacher in the Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums (School for the Study of Judaism) in Berlin. He studied at the University of Breslau and in the Jewish theological seminary there. 1899–1903, he taught at the Collegio Rabbinico Italiano in Florence and, from 1903, at the Hochschule in Berlin. In 1938, he emigrated to the USA and taught there in various institutions. His 1913 Der jüdische Gottesdienst in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung (ET: Jewish Litur…

Dubnow, Simon Markovich

(218 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Sep 10, 1860 Mislaw, Belarus – Dec 8, 1941, Riga) was formative for Jewish historiography and a leading thinker in “autonomist” Jewish nationalism. He worked in various cities in Russia. In 1922, he emigrated to Berlin and in 1933 to Riga, where he was murdered by the National Socialists. Underlying his extensive work is a sociological conception that stands in contrast to the dominant idealist concept of history proposed primarily by H. Graetz. In his

Eternal Life

(6,584 words)

Author(s): Braun, Hans-Jürgen | Janowski, Bernd | Vouga, François | van den Brom, Luco J. | Necker, Gerold | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. History of Religions – III. Old Testament – IV. New Testament – V. Philosophy of Religion – VI. Dogmatics – VII. Judaism ¶ I. Religious Studies Concepts of the hereafter do not, of themselves, necessarily contain statements concerning eternal life. On the contrary, concepts of the hereafter develop with dynamics of their own and thus variability. Eternal life and …

Bomberg, Daniel

(113 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (c. 1458, Antwerp – c. 1553, Antwerp) was the most important printer of Hebrew books in the 16th century. Bomberg ran a publishing …

Cohen, Hermann

(509 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Jul 4, 1842, Coswig – Apr 4, 1918, Berlin). The philosopher and Jewish theologian Hermann Cohen was one of the intellectual leaders of liberal Judaism (III) and a cofounder of the neo-Kantian “Marburger Schule” (“Marburg school of thought”). His book on metaphysics,

Covenant

(6,223 words)

Author(s): Stolz, Fritz | Gertz, Jan Christian | Backhaus, Knut | Sanders, E.P. | Amir, Yehoyada | Et al.
[German Version] I. History of Religions – II. Old Testament – III. New Testament – IV. Judaism – V. Christianity I. History of Religions Immediate and comprehensive solidarity appertains only in the most elementary form of human society (in the “family,” which can be variously structured according to culture); all other forms of solidarity are “artificial,” determined by more or less explicit rules; one can subsume this under the term “covenant,” in which the purposes, realms of socialization, and regulating mechanisms of an artificial establishment of solidarity can be quite varied. In many …

Buber, Martin

(1,303 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Feb 8, 1878, Vienna – Jun 13, 1965, Jerusalem) was one of the most important philosophers and theologians of the 20th century. He was a theoretician of Zionism, a biblical scholar, and a pioneer of research into Hasidism, and indeed into religion as a whole. …

Buber, Salomon

(106 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Feb 12, 1827, Lviv – Dec 18, 1906, Lviv), one of the most important scholars of ¶ Jewish …