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Philosophy of Law

(2,219 words)

Author(s): Höffe, Otfried
[German Version] The philosophy of law studies law (Law and jurisprudence) solely with the tools of common human reason (including common human experience), without appealing to divine revelation or legal authority. Unlike legal doctrine, legal history, and legal sociology, it asks (II) what law actually is (“legal analysis”), (III) why we need law (“legal anthropology”), and (IV) what the…

Justice and Righteousness

(8,833 words)

Author(s): Otto, Eckart | Klaiber, Walter | Höffe, Otfried | Holmes, Stephen R. | Anzenbacher, Arno | Et al.
[German Version] I. Bible – II. Philosophy – III. History of Theology and Dogmatics – IV. Ethics – V. Law – VI. Social Politics, Social Ethics – VII. Missiology – VIII. Islam…

Philosophy of Life

(1,357 words)

Author(s): Höffe, Otfried
[German Version] The concept of philosophy of life or vitalism cannot be defined unambiguously; it is used as a label by a wide variety of philosophical schools. Their common denominator is that they begin with a view of life (IV) as a primary and immediate force or creative process, with less emphasis on being and more on becoming. In transcending the rationalistic subject/object division, they prefer a holistic vision that treats m…

Rawls, John

(436 words)

Author(s): Höffe , Otfried
[German Version] (Feb 21, 1921, Baltimore, MD – Nov 24, 2002, Lexington, MA). The English-speaking world owes to the philosopher Rawls the most important 20th-century contribution to political ethics. His monumental work A Theory of Justice (1971, 21999) succeeds in making a change of paradigm comprising five aspects: 1.While meta-ethical studies had dominated up to that point, Rawls turned directly to a normative theme, namely justice (II; IV; VI). 2. Inasmuch as the anglophone world discussed normative questions, it favored utili…

Rechtsphilosophie

(1,962 words)

Author(s): Höffe, Otfried
[English Version] Die R. untersucht das Recht allein mit Mitteln der allgemeinmenschlichen Vernunft (einschließlich allgemeinmenschlicher Erfahrung), ohne sich auf eine göttliche Offenbarung oder rechtliche Autorität zu berufen. Im Unterschied zur Rechtsdogmatik, auch Recht…

Rawls

(391 words)

Author(s): Höffe , Otfried
[English Version] Rawls, John (21.2.1921 Baltimore, MD – 24.11.2002 Lexington, MA). Dem Philosophen R. verdankt der engl. Sprachraum den bedeutendsten Beitrag zur polit. Ethik des 20.Jh. Seinem monumentale…