1. Definition The earliest use of the term
ghetto dates from the 16th century, when the Jews of Venice were forced in 1516 to move into the Ghetto Nuovo, a foundry distict (Ital.
gettare, “cast”) [8. 23 f.]. Until the early 19th century, the Italian term was apparently limited to the Italian Peninsula, but outside Italy it also
de facto denoted a separate, compulsorily isolated neighborhood outside of which Jews were not allowed to live. Conversely, though, not every neighborhood inhabited primarily by Jews (Jewish society) can be called a ghetto,…