[German Version] from Greek εὐδαίμων/
eudaímōn, “happy.” Although the term sometimes occurs in the works of Aristotle (e.g.
Eth. nic. 1127b18), he employs it in the sense of “considered happy.” Its conceptual usage goes back to I. Kant, who initially used it to denote the belief in a steady progress for the better (
Streit der Fakultäten, 1798, 7, 81; ET:
The Contest of Faculties, 1991), but later to express an ethical view that happiness constitutes a motive of moral action (
Metaphysik der Sitten, 6, 377f.; ET:
The Metaphysics of Morals, 1996). J.G. Fichte added the meaning of “happ…