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Worship

(20,376 words)

Author(s): Dondelinger, Patrick | Auffarth, Christoph | Braulik, Georg | Reif, Stefan C. | Johnson, Luke T. | Et al.
[German Version] I. Terminology The German word Gottesdienst (“worship,” lit. “service of God”) is attested since the 13th/14th century as a German translation of Latin cultus (Cult/Worship). It came into common use in the 16th century, especially in Luther’s works. Starting with an ethical understanding of the word, Luther himself used it as a technical term for the common celebration of the Word of God, as it evolved from the evangelical reform of the Catholic sacrifice (IV) of the mass. For centuries the term Gottesdienst remained limited to this specific form of worship of …

James, Son of Zebedee

(277 words)

Author(s): Johnson, Luke T.
[German Version] (Disciple). In the Synoptics, James and John are “the sons of Zebedee” (Matt 4:21; Mark 1:19; Luke 5:10), whom Jesus called as disciples with Peter. Mark adds the Aramaic sobriquet “Boanerges,” translated as “sons of thunder.” James appears in all four New Testament lists of the Twelve (Matt 10:2; Mark 3:17; Luke 6:14; Acts 1:13). Although the Fourth Gospel knows of the twelve (John 6:70f.) it provides no list. James is not named in the Fourth Gospel, but “those of Zebedee” are am…