Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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Des conflits entre principes abstraits et stipulations conventionnelles (Volume 48)

(25,324 words)

Author(s): Ray, Jean
Ray, Jean Keywords: Treaties | Public international law | Revision | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit international public | Révision | ABSTRACT History and especially the history of our time, presents to us a large number of cases in which certain clauses of treaties have been attacked, by a State related by them, in the name of certain principles of international law. In order to study this issue, Jean Ray starts with a study of certain diplomatic procedures related to the Oriental issue. He then studies a few affairs b…

La codification par traités en droit international privé dans le cadre de la Conférence de La Haye (Volume 122)

(30,182 words)

Author(s): H. Van Hoogstraten, M.
H. Van Hoogstraten, M. Keywords: Hague Conference on Private International Law | Private international law | Codification | Treaties | Mots clefs: Conférence de La Haye de droit international privé | Droit international privé | Codification | Traités | ABSTRACT The Hague Conference of Private International Law aims at working for the progressive unification of the rules of private international law (art.1 of the Statute). Just like the other international organizations, the Conference seeks to accomplish its task by concluding interna…

Les accords régionaux et le droit international (Volume 71)

(35,385 words)

Author(s): M. Yepes, J.
M. Yepes, J. Keywords: Regionalism | Treaties | Mots clefs: Régionalisme | Traités | ABSTRACT When one of the founders of international law, Hugo Grotius, has written that very often the law of nations of one of the parties of the world is not that of others, he has only expressed an axiom which is daily confirmed by history, notes J.M. Yepes. Here is the axiom: there is an international law which is universal, necessary and common to all the civilized people; but besides this universal law, there are specific…

Les conventions conclues entre les pays socialistes sur le droit civil international et le droit international de la famille (Volume 144)

(26,979 words)

Author(s): Sosniak, Mieczyslaw
Sosniak, Mieczyslaw Keywords: Socialist countries | Civil law | International law | Treaties | Family law | Private international law | Mots clefs: Pays socialistes | Droit civil | Droit international | Traités | Droit de la famille | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT Since the objective of the Socialist States is to correlate and harmonize the principles of their legal relations, they have not, however, decided to harmonize all the principles in all the concerned countries, even though, on the ground of the Socialist bloc, many agreem…

The Evolution of Sustainable Development in International Law : Inception, Meaning and Status (Volume 329)

(68,498 words)

Author(s): Schrijver, Nico
Schrijver, Nico Keywords: Sustainable development | Legal concept | Treaties | Legal principles | Public international law | Mots clefs: Développement durable | ABSTRACT Nico Schrijver, Professor at the VU University Amsterdam, assigns a triple aim to his course. First, he intends to study about the genesis of the law of sustainable development and to clarify the meaning of this concept, while evaluating the status within the public international law. Then, he proceeds to the examination of the legal principles which e…

Le problème des effets des traités a l’égard des États tiers (Volume 143)

(55,671 words)

Author(s): Cahier, Philippe
Cahier, Philippe Keywords: Third states | Treaties | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: …

Why do we Need a Law of Treaties ? Inaugural Lecture (Volume 385)

(8,523 words)

Author(s): Franklin Berman, Sir
Franklin Berman, Sir Keywords: Treaties | Law of treaties ABSTRACT In this course, the author touches on what we expect a law of treaties to be and to do and on whether those principles and rules we have achieve these aims. He argues that it was not until the creation of the International Law Commission in the early years of the United Nations that a more consciously systematic attempt was made to look at the subject of treaties in the round, or as a whole. The author discusses the two main obstacles that…

Droit et technique des traités de commerce (Volume 3)

(72,598 words)

Author(s): Bon Boris Nolde, le
Bon Boris Nolde, le Keywords: International trade | Treaties | Mots clefs: Commerce international | Traités | ABSTRACT Boris Nolde begins his course on the Law and the Technique of Commercial Treaties with a history of commercial treaties, from the Middle Ages to Post First World War period. The author then studies the form of commercial treaties and the contracting parties in commercial treaties. The author also focuses on customs territories, the merchant, freedom of trade, conventional customs tariffs, the mos…

The Interaction between Customary International Law and Treaties (Volume 322)

(72,359 words)

Author(s): Dinstein, Yoram
Dinstein, Yoram Keywords: Treaties | International customary law | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit coutumier international | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Yoram Dinstein, Professor emeritus of the University of Tel Aviv, reminds us that Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice prescribes three strata – often referred to as "sources" – of international law. This study is confined to the interaction between two of those strata, namely treaties and customs, and does not deal with the gene…

La notion de réciprocité dans les traités diplomatiques de droit international privé (Volume 52)

(40,493 words)

Author(s): Niboyet, J.-P.
Niboyet, J.-P. Keywords: Reciprocity | Legal principles | Private international law | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réciprocité | Principes généraux du droit | Droit international privé | Traités | ABSTRACT The theme developed by J.-P. Niboyet in his course is the relations that exist or rather should exist between the general principles of civil law and the treaties which are, after all, just the contracts between the States. After outlining a few general considerations, the author examines the patterns of diplomatic reciprocity, …

The North Atlantic Treaty of 1949 (Volume 79)

(19,146 words)

Author(s): L. Goodhart, A.
L. Goodhart, A. Keywords: North Atlantic Treaty Organization | Treaties | Mots clefs: Organisation du Traité de l Atlantique Nord | Traité | ABSTRACT A. L. Goodhart writes in the introduction to his 1951 course that there is no doubt that the North Atlantic Treaty of 1949 is, from a practical point of view, the most important international agreement since the creation of the United Nations. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established and substantial investments have already been spent on the implement…

Bilateral Treaties and Multilateral Instruments on Investment Protection (Volume 269)

(84,067 words)

Author(s): Sacerdoti, Giorgio
Sacerdoti, Giorgio Keywords: Foreign direct investment | Treaties | Mots clefs: Investissement | Traités | ABSTRACT In this course, Giorgio Sacerdoti examines and assesses the developments in bilateral treaties and recent initiatives as to multilateral instruments dealing with the promotion and protection of international investments. Investments from abroad have diversified in terms of type, sectors, and countries involved. These changes, in particular, have affected the role of developing countries as recipie…

Les traités et le droit interne (Volume 38)

(25,349 words)

Author(s): Mestre, Achille
Mestre, Achille Keywords: Treaties | International law and domestic law | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit international et droit interne | ABSTRACT In this course, Achille Mestre discusses some aspects of the question of the relationship between treaties and domestic law, and, mainly from the point of view of French public law, examines what positive solutions have been given to the question of the powers of the national judge with respect to treaties. The author examines the following questions: under what conditions ca…

L’interdépendance des conventions internationales du travail (Volume 121)

(36,623 words)

Author(s): Wolf, Francis
Wolf, Francis Keywords: International labour law | Treaties | Labor | Mots clefs: Droit international ouvrier | Traités | Travail | ABSTRACT Using an example of International Labor conventions and the standards based on conventions as an attempt to demonstrate the importance of the principle of the interdependence of international instruments, the author successively examines: how do International Labor Conventions complement and integrate each other; how are other interested international organizations involved in t…

Contribution a l’interprétation des traités (Volume 114)

(15,150 words)

Author(s): Berlia, G.
Berlia, G. Keywords: Interpretation | Treaties | Mots clefs: Interprétation | Traités | ABSTRACT The question of the interpretation of a legal act raises two main types of problems: the authority competent to interpret and the act to be interpreted. It is precisely the nature of the act to be interpreted, considers G. Berlia, as an essential element of his study. The author successively focuses on the true meaning of the terms "intention of the parties", the so-called clear act rule, the rule of useful effect…

Les droits de l’enfant dans les conventions internationales et les solutions retenues dans les pays arabo-musulmans (Volume 268)

(110,247 words)

Author(s): Moulay Rchid, Abderrazak
Moulay Rchid, Abderrazak Keywords: Arab States | Children | Rights | Treaties | Islam | Islamic law | Mots clefs: Pays arabes | Enfants | Droits | Traités | Islam | ABSTRACT This course of Moulay Rchid, Professor at the University of Rabat, deals with the relation, the exchange, the ambiguity or the conflict between authenticity and modernity, between traditional Moslem law and positive law, between the law and the facts. The rights of the child in the international conventions and the solutions that have been adopted in the A…

Un système de contrôle international: la mise en œuvre des conventions internationales du travail (Volume 123)

(33,843 words)

Author(s): Valticos, Nicolas
Valticos, Nicolas Keywords: International Labour Organization | International labour law | Treaties | International control | Labor | Mots clefs: Organisation internationale du travail | Droit international ouvrier | Traités | Contrôle international | Travail | ABSTRACT Head of the Department of International Labor Standards at the International Labor Office The examination of the system established for the control of application of international labor conventions presents a special interest for a series of reasons, writes Nicolas …

Problems concerning the Validity of Treaties (Volume 134)

(30,951 words)

Author(s): O. Elias, T.
O. Elias, T. Keywords: Treaties | Legality | Mots clefs: Traités | Légalité | ABSTRACT T.O. Elias starts his course on the problems of the validity of treaties by an introductive study of the grounds of invalidity. He then studies the constitutional limitations to the power of making the treaties as well as a few specific internal restrictions. The author later focuses on the error and fraud and on corruption and coercion. He analyzes the legal procedure of settlement of disputes, and dedicates his last chapter to the consequences of the invalidity of treaties. T.O. Elias commence son co…

The Recent Concordats (Volume 104)

(21,186 words)

Author(s): Z. Ehler, Sidney
Z. Ehler, Sidney Keywords: Roman Catholic Church | Treaties | Pope | Mots clefs: Eglise | Traités | Pape | ABSTRACT According to Sidney Z. Ehler, a concordat is an international agreement between the Pope and a State relating to the legal situation of the Catholic Church of that state. The author begins his study with a presentation of the two parties to the concordat: the Pope and the State. He next examines the characteristics of the concordat as an international agreement, later examines the characteristics of th…
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