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7.3 Septuagint

(8,203 words)

Author(s): Fischer, Georg
Part of 7 Jeremiah 7.3.1 General Background Origin and TimeThe Letter of Aristeas claims that the Torah was translated from Hebrew to Greek in Alexandria in the third century b.c.e. Likewise, lxx-Jer seems to have originated in Egypt, as suggested by the many adaptations to the Alexandrian Ptolemaic milieu.1 The probable date is the early second century b.c.e.2 Special Features lxx-Jer differs greatly from the Hebrew text (7.2.2) of Jeremiah in three respects: 1) Length: It is approximately one-sixth shorter than mt-Jer.3 There are more than twenty contexts in …
Date: 2020-03-17


(23,143 words)

Author(s): Schnelle, Udo | Fischer, Georg | Becker, Hans-Jürgen | Fischer Georg | Müller, Hans-Peter | Et al.
[German Version] I. Concept – II. Old Testament – III. New Testament – IV. Dogmatics – V. Practical Theology – VI. Missiology – VII. Judaism – VIII. Cultural History I.  Concept “Bible” is the predominant designation in church, theology, and society for the collection of OT and NT scriptures recognized by the church. The word “Bible” and its close equivalents in other European languages derive from the middle Latin “biblia.” This Latin feminine derives from the Greek neuter plural τὰ βιβλία/ tá biblía. Grammatically, the sg. βιβλίον/ biblíon is a diminu¶ tive form of ἡ βίβλος/ hē b…

Jeremiah/Book of Jeremiah

(5,272 words)

Author(s): Fischer, Georg
[German Version] I. Jeremiah and His Times – II. The Book – III. Significance I. Jeremiah and His Times The only information we have about the prophet (Prophets and prophecy: II) Jeremiah comes from the book that bears his name or sources dependent on it. The book of Jeremiah has much to say about events involving Jeremiah and his inner conflicts, so that we are better informed about him than about any of the other ¶ recorded prophets. But this “biographical” material is also intertwined with concerns and materials of later periods, so that the historicity of much of it is open to doubt. The na…


(284 words)

Author(s): Fischer, Georg
[German Version] The Rechabites (Heb. רֵכָבִים/ rekābîm) are mentioned only in Jer 35. They traced their descent to Jehonadab, son of Rechab (2 Kgs 10:15, 23), who played a supporting role in Jehu’s revolt (9th cent. bce). The etymology of the name is unexplained. The Rechabites’ lifestyle was unusual: they drank no wine and built no houses, living only in tents; they never sowed seeds or planted vineyards. They ascribed these restrictions to the command of Jehonadab ( Jer 35:6f.), which they followed faithfully. God contrasted them in th…

Biblical Manuscripts

(5,487 words)

Author(s): Fischer, Georg | Welte, Michael | Köster, Beate
[German Version] I. Old Testament – II. New Testament – III. Full Manuscripts – IV. Suppplements I. Old Testament 1. State of scholarship – Overview. No original manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible have so far been discovered. The text has only been preserved in manuscripts copied by hand over many centuries. The first printings of the Hebrew Bible date to the end of the 15th century (1st full edition Soncino 1488). …


(263 words)

Author(s): Fischer, Georg
[English Version] . Nur Jer 35 redet von R., nach hebr. רֵכָבִים/rekābîm. Sie führen sich auf »Jonadab, den Sohn des Rechab« (2Kön 10,15.23) zurück, der in der Revolution des Jehu (9.Jh. v.Chr.) eine unterstützende Rolle spielt. Die Etym. des Namens Rechab ist ungeklärt. – Die R. verweisen für ihre sonderbare Lebensweise (sie trinken keinen Wein, bauen keine Häuser, sondern leben in Zelten; sie säen weder noch pflanzen sie Weinberge) auf die Anordnungen Jonadabs (Jer 35,6f.) und führen diese getreu aus. G…