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Woodruff, Albert

(179 words)

Author(s): Hörnig, J. Thomas
[German Version] (Aug 3, 1807, Sandisfeld, MA – Oct 11, 1891, Brooklyn, NY). Brought up as a Presbyterian, Woodruff was strongly influenced by the Sunday school movement as a student, teacher, and functionary. To encourage the spread of Sunday Schools in Europe, he retired from his business and began missionary travels in 1862, coming to Germany in 1863/1864. Since he knew no German and did not understand the situation of the German churches, he relied on cooperation with Wilhelm Bröckelmann, a merchant. After initial difficulties with the ecclesiastical authorities, in 1864 they gained the support of Johannes Dettloff Prochnow, the head of the Goßner Mission in Berlin. As a result, they gained official acceptance by the church and began to publish Die Sonntagsschule. Living in London, Woodruff organized the appointment of traveling assistants…

Sunday School

(1,424 words)

Author(s): Hörnig, J. Thomas | Grundmann, Christoffer H. | Reiss, Wolfram
[German Version] I. Europe and America Traditionally school and worship have also served to hand on the tradition of the faith to children and to communicate values (Children’s church: I). In the 18th century, the philanthropic English system of charity schools pioneered the Sunday school. Initially, because of child labor, Sunday schools were charity schools held on Sundays (Thomas Stock and R. Raikes). What they taught was based primarily on the catechism and, to a lesser extent, the Bible, using th…