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Progressive Education

(1,089 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf
[German Version] I. Progressive Education as a Phenomenon of Reception As a term for the intersection of the theories and practices of education and “formation” (education/ formation), education reform is a construct which may vary greatly as to the criteria of its contents and the period to which it may apply. This is a phenomenon of reception, and its variations always reflect the recipients’ standards. When the assumption of a historical context is made, clear differences arise in determining when edu…

Rein, Wilhelm

(198 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf
[German Version] (Aug 10, 1847, Eisenach – Feb 19, 1929, Jena). After studying Protestant theology and educational theory, Rein taught in Barmen and Weimar before becoming director of the teachers’ seminary in Eisenach. After his appointment as honorary professor at Jena in 1886 (made full professor in 1912), he became a central figure in university training of teachers in the Empire. He worked wi…

Education, Theory of

(7,852 words)

Author(s): Nipkow, Karl Ernst | Koerrenz, Ralf | Tenorth, H.-Elmar | Schweitzer, Friedrich
[German Version] I. The Term – II. History – III. Present-Day Emphases – IV. Significance for Theology I. The Term The expression “theory of education” (or: “education theory and methodology” – Ger. Pädagogik) serves as a “collective term for all theoretical and practical endeavors in respect of education. As a theory, it refers to the essence of the teaching(s) or science(s) ‘about’ and ‘for’ education, and also to educationally significan…

National Education

(390 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf
[German Version] (Ger. Volksbildungswesen) denotes the institutions that organize learning processes either for all members of society (“Ministry of National Education”) or, more narrowly, for adults (Education of adults). In the context of the Enlightenment (I, 3.e), the 18th century saw the emergence of reading societies, moral weeklies, and patriotic societies, which can be interpreted as the start of national education. In the 19th centur…

Nohl, Herman

(397 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf
[German Version] (Oct 7, 1879, Berlin – Sep 27, 1960, Göttingen). After school and university studies (history, philosophy, Ger. lit.) in Berlin, Nohl gained his doctorate under W. Dilthey (1904) on “Socrates and Ethics.” His Habilitation in Jena on “The Worldviews of Painting” (1908) marked the beginning of his activity there as Privatdozent (until 1919/1920), which was interrupted by his participation in World War I (1915–1918). In 1920 came his appointment to a chair at Göttingen University, where he remained until reaching emeritus status. Hi…

Litt, Theodor

(419 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf
[German Version] (Dec 27, 1880, Düsseldorf – Jul 16, 1962, Bonn). Every human being is part of the specific histor…

Harnisch, Christian Wilhelm

(276 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf
[German Version] (Aug 28, 1787, Wilsnack – Aug 15, 1864, Berlin). After concluding his theological studies in Halle and Frankfurt an der Oder, Harnisch turned to education and became a teacher at the Plamann Institute for Education in Berlin. Critical engagement with the work of J.H. Pestalozzi became characteristic of his school practice and writing, beginning with Deutsche Volksschule…

Dewey, John

(582 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf
[German Version] (Oct 20, 1859, Burlington, VT – Jun 1, 1952, New York). The conception of pragmatism elaborated by Dewey is perhaps (along with J.F. Herbart's) the most significant example of a reciprocal …

Weniger, Erich

(270 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf
[German Version…

Campe, Joachim Heinrich

(291 words)

Author(s): Koerrenz, Ralf
[German Version] (Jun 29, 1746, Deensen/Braunschweig – Oct 22, 1818, Braunschweig). Having received instruction from a private tutor and subsequently attended the local village school as well as the monastery school in Holzminden, Campe began studying Protestant theology at Helmstedt and Halle i…