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(2,641 words)

Author(s): Rau, Eckhard | Köpf, Ulrich | Lämmermann, Godwin
[German Version] I. Earliest Christianity According to CIJ 2, 1266 and passim, religious teachers known as διδάσκαλος/ didáskalos or רב/ rab (addressed as: διδάσκαλε/ didáskale; רבי/ rabbi; rabbi) existed in Palestine prior to 70 ce (Zimmermann). All four Gospels portray Jesus as a teacher with a circle of disciples who were also responsible for the preservation of his teaching. Q (Logia/Sayings Source/Q), furthermore, emphasizes the teacher’s superiority over the disciple (Luke 6:40 par.). Mark has Jesus being addressed as a διδάσκαλε or ῥαββί/ rhabbí who, in a singular show …

Teaching Authority

(2,562 words)

Author(s): Wiedenhofer, Siegfried | Lämmermann, Godwin
[German Version] I. Christianity 1. Catholic Church. The Catholic understanding of the church’s teaching authority relates to the two wellsprings of the church, Easter and Pentecost. It refers to the authorized and authoritative representation of Christ through certain ministries and office within the public community of the church. For this purpose, specific individuals are chosen and sent (Matt 28:16–20; Mark 3:13–19; 2 Cor 3–6 etc.) It also relates to the gifts of God’s Spirit in the diversity of gi…