[German version] Personification of clemency (ThlL, Onom. II, 487). Pliny (HN 2,14) names C. in a series of deified abstractions. The C. of Caesar [1; 2] was famous: the senate had a joint temple built for the Divus Iulius and the deified C. in which Caesar and the goddess were depicted extending their hands to each other (Plut. Caes. 57,4; App. B Civ. 2,106; Cass. Dio 44,6,4). On the golden shield of Augustus C. is one of the four virtues attributed to him (R. Gest. div. Aug. 34). C. is the central theme in Seneca's
speculum regum (
De clementia). Bloch, René (Berne) Bibliography
1 M. Treu, Zur C. Caesars, in: MH 5, 1948, 197-217
2 S. Weinstock, Divus Julius, 1971, 234-240. T. Hölscher, s.v. C., LIMC 3.1, 295-299.