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Semus

(217 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] (Σῆμος/ Sêmos) of Delos. Greek antiquarian c. 200 AD. The Suda s. v. Σ. (where ὁ Ἠλεῖος is a corruption [1; 4]) mentions him as a 'scholar' (γραμματικός/ grammatikós) and the author of Δηλιακά/Dēliaká ( Delian history, 8 books; in other sources invariably called Δηλιάς sc. συγγραφή/ Dēliás sc. syngraphḗ) and a work On Delos (FGrH 396 F 1-22, for the most part from Athenaeus). It dealt with cultural and religious antiquities and curiosities on and near Delos, presumably in a periegetic structure. Of his work On Paeans a further fragment (FGrH 396 F 24 =  Ath. 14, 62…

Pamprepius

(395 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] (Παμπρέπιος/ Pamprépios) of Panopolis in Egypt. The sources on his biography [1. 7-9] are detailed but often tendentious: Suda s.v. Π. = vol. 4, 13,28-15,28 Adler, with excerpts from Malchus (also in Phot. cod. 242); Hesychius = Suda vol. 4,13,25-27 Adler; the horoscope of P. preserved in Rhetorius; Damascius, Vita Isidori (esp. antipathetic). Born in AD 440, P. studied at Alexandria, where he became acquainted with Hermias and came into contact with Neoplatonic circles. Around the…

Oppianus

(811 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
(Ὀππιανός/ Oppianós). [German version] [1] From Corycus, Author of a didactic poem on fishing O. from Corycus in Cilicia, author, to be distinguished from O. [2], of a didactic poem entitled Ἁλιευτικά/ Halieutiká, 'On Fishing', 3506 verses in 5 books, which is dedicated to Marcus [1] Aurelius and Commodus (177-180 AD). Sources for his biography: vitae in a series of manuscripts; according to which O. was banished by Septimius Severus and received back into Rome by Caracalla (Suda s.v. Ὀ.; Athen. 1,13c). Content: books 1 and 2 …

Hegesianax

(253 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[English version] aus Alexandreia (Troas). Lebte unter Antiochos III. von Antiocheia (222-187 v.Chr.) und wurde, als er dem König seine Gedichte schenkte, dessen “Freund” ( phílos, SH 464). 197 und 193 war er seleukidischer Botschafter beim röm. Senat, 196 bei T. Quinctius Flamininus in Korinth. Grammatiker, Verf. des Werkes ‘Über den Stil des Demokritos und ‘Über den poetischen Stil sowie astronomisch-myth. Gedichte ( Phainómena, SH fr. 465-467; insgesamt fünf Hexameter sind überliefert, doch ist die Zuweisung unsicher; vgl. [7. 73470], mit Lit.). H. ist der älteste beka…

Epimerismi

(525 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[English version] ἐπιμερισμοί sind “Einteilungen” (Apollonios Dyskolos, Syntaxis 491,13 Schneider-Uhlig; lat. partitiones, Priscianus) “von Versen oder Sätzen in Worte” (in diesem Sinne benutzt S. Emp. adv. Math. 1,159-168 im 2. Jh.n.Chr. μερισμός): Jedes Wort wurde grammatisch und prosodisch, manchmal auch semantisch analysiert. Es handelt sich dabei um ein Unterrichtsmittel der byz. Schule (Tzetzes zu Hes. erg. 285), das im 11.-12. Jh. die Bezeichnung schedographia (“das Schreiben von Lehrstücken”, σχέδη, mit ungewisser Etym. [7. 127]) erhielt und in erst…

Peisinos

(25 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[English version] (Πεισῖνος). Verf. einer Hērákleia, die Peisandros [6] angeblich ‘gestohlen’ haben soll (Clem. Al. strom. 6,2,25,2). Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari) Bibliography PEG I, 164.

Eudaimon

(165 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[English version] (Εὐδαίμων). Briefpartner des Libanios (epist. 167; 255; 633) und dessen “brüderlicher” Freund über mehr als dreißig Jahre (vgl. epist. 108; 132; 164; 315; 632; 826; 1057), aus Pelusion in Ägypten, vor 337 n.Chr. geb. (wahrscheinlich ca. 314/24: [2. 279]), vor 392 n.Chr. gestorben. Der Suda (ε 3407) zufolge ‘Grammatiker’ (er lehrte jedoch vielleicht auch Rhet.), Verf. einer Τέχνη γραμματική /‘Grammatik und einer Ὀνοματικὴ ὀρθογραφία /‘Orthographie der Namen (vgl. Lib. epist. 255,7…

Philinne

(76 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[English version] (Φιλίννη). Ein Papyrus-Fr. (PAmherst 11) enthält drei Hexameter einer magischen Beschwörung (ἐπῳδή) gegen Kopfschmerzen, die einer gewissen ‘thessal. Ph.’ zugeschrieben werden. Dieses ist physisch verbunden mit einem weiteren Papyrusfr. (PBerolinensis inv. 7504) derselben Rolle, das einen Zauberspruch einer Syrerin aus Gadara gegen jede Art von Verbrennung enthält. Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari) Bibliography 1 SH 900 2 PGM II2, p. 145 3 Pack, Nr. 1871 (mit Lit.) 4 A. Henrichs, Zum Text einiger Zauberpapyri, in: ZPE 6, 1970, 204-209.

Menalkas

(80 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[English version] (Μενάλκας). Bukolischer Dichter, zusammen mit Daphnis Protagonist von Theokr. 8. Von seiner nicht erwiderten Liebe zu Daphnis sprechen schon Hermesianax (fr. 2 und 3 Powell) und Sositheos (fr. 1a-3 Snell). Der Name kehrt in Vergilius' Bucolica häufig wieder, gewiß als alter ego des Dichters und auch als Figur, die auf eine tragische Liebesgeschichte verweist. Die Person des M. ist wohl nicht historisch. Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari) Bibliography F. Michelazzo, s.v. Menalca, Enciclopedia Virgiliana, 3, 1987, 477-480 (mit Lit.).

Oppianos

(770 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
(Ὀππιανός). [English version] [1] aus Korykos, Verf. eines Lehrgedichts über Fischfang O. aus Korykos in Kilikien, von O. [2] zu unterscheidender Verf. eines Lehrgedichts Ἁλιευτικά ( Halieutiká, ‘Über den Fischfang, 3506 V. in 5 B.), das Marcus [1] Aurelius und Commodus gewidmet ist (177-180 n.Chr.). Quellen für die Biographie: Den Hss. vorgeschaltete Viten, nach denen O. von Septimius Severus verbannt und von Caracalla wieder in Rom aufgenommen wurde (Suda s.v. Ὀ.; Athen. 1,13c). Inhalt: B. 1 und 2 beschreiben Arten, vo…

Euteknios

(227 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[English version] (Εὐτέκνιος). In dem berühmten Cod. Vindobonensis med. gr. 1 (spätes 5. Jh. n.Chr.), der Pedanius Dioskurides enthält, finden sich auch Prosaparaphrasen zu den Thēriaká und den Alexiphármaka des Nikandros [4; 2; 5]. Der Kolophon weist sie einem ‘Rhetor’ (σοφιστής) E. zu, der in die Zeit zw. dem 3. und 5. Jh. n.Chr. zu datieren ist [3. 34-37]; demselben E. werden deswegen ohne stichhaltigen Beweis auch die in derselben Hs. folgenden anon. Paraphrasen zu den Halieutiká (ab 3,605) des Oppianos [4; 6] und - schon seit C. Gesner 1555 - zu den Ixeutiká des Dionysios [29] […

Eulogius

(178 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] (Εὐλόγιος; Eulógios). Perhaps the person to whom was dedicated the lexicon of Hesychius (6th cent. AD [4; 1. 358]; but [5] dates E. to the period between Theodosius of Alexandria ([4th cent. AD] and Choeroboscus [9th cent. AD]) and who is known through the citations in the Etymologicum Magnum and in the Etymologicum Gudianum. He is also the source of some Homeric epimerisms [2; 3]. E. was a grammarian and his nickname was Scholastikós; he was the author of a didactic book about morphology in ‘Questions and Answers’ (Ἀπορίαι καὶ λύσεις, ‘Difficulties …

Maiistas

(122 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] (Μαϊίστας; Maïístas). Author (his name perhaps Egyptian) of the hexametric aretalogy of Sarapis. This forms the second part (l. 29-84) of an inscription (3rd cent. BC) on a column in the Serapeum of Delos, which tells the history of the cult of the god from its inception to the construction of the first temple [1]. The beginning of the inscription (l. 1-28) comprises the prose chronicle of the priest Apollonius II. M.'s text following may be a Greek aretalogy intended for Greeks, o…

Herennius Philo

(711 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] A. Person H. was an antiquarian and grammarian in the second half of the 1st cent. AD (main source for the biography: Suda s.v. Φίλων Βύβλιος, φ 447, where the text, however, is problematic). His original name was Phílōn, the ethnicon Býblios (after the town Byblos in Phoenicia), the praenomen H. perhaps taken over from Herennius Severus Plin. Ep. 4,28 [4]. He was the teacher of  Hermippus of Berytus. Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari) [German version] B. Works (FGrH 790): Historical and antiquarian works: 1) The ‘Phoenician History’ (Φοινικικὴ ἱστορία or Φοινικικ…

Menophilus

(33 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] of Damascus, known only from 15 hexameters cited by Stobaeus from his poem ‘Tresses (Πλοκαμῖδες/ Plokamîdes), a song on the beauty of his beloved's hair. Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari) Bibliography SH 558.

Callistus

(78 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] (Κάλλιστος; Kállistos). Author of an epic about the Persian Wars of Emperor  Iulianus, whom he accompanied on his campaigns in his role as domesticus (Socr. 3,21,14-17). He reports how the emperor died having been slain by a daimon. Possibly he is identical with Callistion, the epic poet and assessor of the praefectus praetorio Orientis Sallustius Secundus, to whom Libanius addressed his letters no. 1233 and 1251. Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari) Bibliography O. Seeck, RE Suppl. 4, 864.

Nonnus

(1,593 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] (Νόννος; Nónnos) from Panopolis (the modern Aḫmīm) in Egypt. There are no biographical records, with the exception of Anth. Pal. 9,198 (possibly a dedication written by the poet himself for his own work [33. 166-168; 23]). It is assumed that the origin of the name, found in Egypt from the 4th cent. AD, was Syrian or Egyptian (‘pure’), but a connection to the Greek familiar diminutive nénnos (‘uncle’ or ‘grandfather’) cannot be excluded. The dating is uncertain: the terminus post quem is taken to be a work by Claudianus [3] (394-397), which was known to N., and the terminus an…

Philogelos

(832 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] (Φιλόγελως/ Philógelōs, 'the Lover of Laughter'). The only collection passed down from antiquity of 265 individual Greek jokes (in different recensions; with regard to the MS tradition see [1. 129-146; 8]), compiled between the 3rd [11] and 5th cent. AD. In the MSS, it is attributed to Hierocles and the grammarian Philagrius (not identifiable; hypotheses in [2. IV-V]). Dating indications are the allusion in § 62 to the festival of AD 248 celebrating the foundation of Rome and the m…

Triphiodorus

(563 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] (Τριφιόδωρος/ Triphiódōros, from the theonym Triphys, Graecized as T.; MSS and Byzantine sources: Tryphiódōros). Greek epic poet, 2nd half of 3rd cent. AD (only biographical testimony: Suda s. v. T.), Egyptian by name, probably from Panopolis [1. 4-7]. Author of works including (cf. [1. 15]) the epic Μαραθωνιακά ( Marathoniaka, 'Marathonic Histories' [1. 11 f.]), the mythical epic Hippodámeia and a lipogrammatic (i.e. written with the constraint of the regular omission of selected letters) Odyssey (Ὀδύσσεια λειπογράμματος/ Odýsseia leipográmmatos, cf. …

Menalcas

(75 words)

Author(s): Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] (Μενάλκας; Menálkas). Bucolic poet, protagonist of Theoc. 8 alongside Daphnis. Both Hermesianax (fr. 2 and 3 Powell) and Sositheus (fr. 1a-3 Snell) mention his unrequited love for Daphnis. In Vergilius' Bucolica his name appears frequently as the poet's alter ego and as a figure associated with a tragic love story. M. is probably not a historical person. Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari) Bibliography F. Michelazzo, s.v. Menalca, Enciclopedia Virgiliana, 3, 1987, 477-480 (with bibl.).
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